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1.
本文以水、丙酮、乙醇、乙二醇为溶剂,采用溶剂热法制备了不同形貌的纳米氧化镥(Lu2O3粉)粉体前驱体,将前驱体在400~800 ℃条件下煅烧2 h制得了不同形貌的Eu3+:Lu2O3粉体.研究发现,所用溶剂的物理性质对产生特定形貌的样品具有重要的影响,以水和丙酮为溶剂,可制得具有较高长径比的Lu2O3纳米棒,而当溶剂为乙醇和乙二醇时,所得Lu2O3粉体为等轴状的纳米颗粒.  相似文献
2.
研究了采用硝酸镥与硝酸铕混合溶液共沉淀法制备Lu2O3:Eu粉体,并对比不同沉淀剂及滴加方式对粉体颗粒形貌及尺寸的影响.通过对沉淀先驱物在600℃和1200℃温度下焙烧前后的DTA/TG与XRD测试分析发现:草酸沉淀先驱物在600℃焙烧失去结晶水,并在1200℃完全转化为Lu2O3.从所制备粉体的光谱中检测到265nm和300nm吸收峰和613nm与626nm荧光发射峰.经对比发现,采用氨水反向滴加制备的粉体颗粒最细小均匀,平均尺寸约为50nm.  相似文献
3.
采用湿化学共沉淀法合成了Nd3+掺杂的氧化镥纳米晶粉体,研究了三种不同沉淀剂(NH4OH、NH4HCO3、NH4OH+NH4HCO3)对Nd3+:Lu2O3纳米晶粉体性能的影响.采用NH4OH+NH4HCO3混合溶液作复合沉淀剂所得粉体具有比表面积高(13.37m2/g)、颗粒尺寸小(~30nm)、粒度分布窄(60~160nm)的优点.该粉体经过干压和等静压成型后,素坯从室温至1400℃获得的线性收缩率可达17%,其烧结活性明显高于其它两种沉淀剂所得的粉体.在流动H:气氛下,经1880℃/8h烧结可获得具有优良光学透明性的Nd3+:Lu2O3透明陶瓷,在1080nm波长处的直线透过率超过75%.  相似文献
4.
Nanosized terbium doped Lu2O3 phosphors were synthesized via a modified co-precipitation processing.The as-prepared Tb:Lu2O3 phosphors was consisted of well crystallized nanosized sphere particles with a diameter of about 30 nnx Local structure of Tb ions in Lu2O3 lattice was investigated by an analytical approach based on Fourier transformation of the extended X-ray absorption fine structure(EXAFS) data.X-ray near edge structure (XANES) spectra suggested that all Tb ions doped were tervalonce.EXAFS results indicated that Tb ions have entered the Lu2O3 cubic lattice by means of solid solution.The coordination number and first shell Tb-O distance dropped with the increasing of Tb concentration.Emission spectra of the phosphors was shown to be typical for Tb3+ with main components at 542,550 and 490 nm,derived from irradiative relaxation of 5D4 level.The emission intensity decreased severely with the increasing of Tb concentration from 1 mol.% to 15 tool.%,suggesting a significant concentration quenching above 1 mol.% Tb.The reduction of emission intensity was interpreted by higher distortion derived relaxation among the surface state resident Tb3+ ions.  相似文献
5.
One-dimensional Lu2O3:Eu3+ nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning followed by high-temperature calcinations.Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis,X-ray powder diffraction,Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,scanning electron microscopy,photoluminescent spectra and decay curves were used to characterize the samples.Results showed that samples began to crystallize at ~500 oC and crystallized completely around 1000 oC.The average diameter of nanofibers(1000 oC annealed) was about 55 nm and the particle size of Lu2O3:Eu3+ increased with increasing annealing temperature.Under ultraviolet excitation,nanofibers exhibited typical red emission of Eu3+ in Lu2O3.The effect of heat-treatment temperature on luminescent properties of nanofibers was also discussed.  相似文献
6.
利用扩展X射线吸收精细结构光谱(EXAFS)研究了不同掺杂浓度Nd3+∶Lu2O3纳米粉体和透明陶瓷中Nd3+的局域结构.结果表明,在不同条件下Nd3+均以固溶取代Lu3+的方式进入Lu2O3基质晶格,掺杂Nd3+原子的第一配位键长约为0.225 nm,小于Nd2O3纳米粉中Nd—O第一近邻键长0.251 nm,而大于Lu2O3中Lu—O第一近邻键长0.221 nm.在Lu2O3晶格中掺杂Nd离子的局域环境与基质晶体场、掺杂浓度以及材料聚集状态密切相关,随着Nd掺杂量从0.5%提高至3%,纳米粉体无序度由5.6×10-4nm2升高到8.5×10-4nm2,Nd3+∶Lu2O3纳米粉体中Nd3+的第一近邻Nd—O键长、配位数和无序度因子均比透明陶瓷的大.  相似文献
7.
通过化学途径合成了Nd3+掺杂的氧化镥纳米晶粉体,研究了工艺条件对粉体性能及透明陶瓷光学性能的影响,通过优化工艺参数,获得了品粒均匀、尺寸在30 nm的高质量的Nd:Lu2O3纳米晶粉体.采用复合溶液法合成的粉体,经等静压成型、流动H2气氛及1880℃/ 8 h烧结后制备出光学透明性好的Nd:Lu2O3透明陶瓷,其在1080nm波长处的实测折射率为1.908,直线透过率超过75%,发射截面(σem)达到6.5×10-20cm2.  相似文献
8.
采用碳酸氢铵(NH4HCO3)为沉淀剂,用共沉淀法制备Yb3+和Tm3+共掺杂的Lu2O3:Yb3+,Tm3+纳米晶。研究Tm3+摩尔分数、Yb3+摩尔分数和煅烧温度对Lu2O3:Yb3+,Tm3+纳米晶的结构和上转换发光性能的影响。结果表明:所制备的纳米晶具有纯的Lu2O3相,结晶性较好。当掺杂的Tm3+浓度超过0.2%(摩尔分数)时,出现浓度淬灭效应。Tm3+和Yb3+的最佳掺杂比分别为0.2%和2%(摩尔分数)。在980nm半导体激光器的激发下,样品发射出蓝光(490nm)和红光(653nm),分别对应Tm3+的1G4→3H6和1G4→3F4跃迁。发射强度与激发功率的关系表明,Tm3+的1G4能级布居是三光子能量传递过程。随着煅烧温度的升高,上转换发光强度增强,这主要是因为随着温度的升高纳米晶表面的OH?减少和纳米晶尺寸增大。  相似文献
9.
以Ba4Sm9.33Ti18O54微波介质陶瓷为基础,掺杂Lu2O3进行改性,形成固溶式为Ba4(Sm1–yLuy)9.33Ti18O54的结构。结果表明,掺杂Lu2O3能很好地把Ba4Sm9.33Ti18O54微波介质陶瓷的烧结温度降至1 260℃,当y=0.05时Ba4Sm9.33Ti18O54为类钨青铜结构,能得到介电性能较佳的微波介质陶瓷:4.33GHz时εr约为76,Q.f约为2532,τf为–42×10–6/℃;y<0.5时生成了类钨青铜结构晶相,y≥0.5主晶相变成烧绿石相,不具备介电性。  相似文献
10.
Tb3+ and Yb3+ codoped Lu2O3 nanophosphors were synthesized by the reverse-strike co-precipitation method. The obtained Lu2O3:Tb3+,Yb3+ nanophosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) spectra. The XRD results showed that all the prepared nanophosphors could be readily indexed to pure cubic phase of Lu2O3 and indicated good crystallinity. The Tb3+→Yb3+ energy transfer mechanisms in the UV-blue region in Lu2O3 nanophosphors were investigated. The experimental results showed that the strong visible emission around 543 nm from Tb3+ (5D4→7F5) and near-infrared (NIR) emission around 973 nm from Yb3+ (2F5/2→2F7/2) of Lu2O3:Tb3+,Yb3+ nanophosphors were observed under ultraviolet light excitation, respectively. Tb3+ could be effectively excited up to its 4f75d1 state and relaxed down to the 5D4 level, from which the energy was transferred cooperatively to two neighboring Yb3+. The Yb3+ concentration dependent luminescent properties and lifetimes of both the visible and NIR emissions were also studied. The lifetime of the visible emission decreased with the increase of Yb3+ concentration, verifying the efficient energy transfer from the Tb3+ to the Yb3+. Cooperative energy transfer (CET) from Tb3+ to Yb3+ was discussed as a possible mechanism for the near-infrared emission. When doped concentrations were 1 mol.% Tb3+ and 2 mol.% Yb3+, the intensity of NIR emission was the strongest.  相似文献
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