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1.
陶瓷闪烁材料最新研究进展   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14  
概述了透明陶瓷的研究现状及闪烁体的一些重要性能。讨论了新型陶瓷闪烁体相比闪烁单晶在成像应用中的优势 ,介绍了几种重要的陶瓷闪烁体 ,如 (Y ,Gd) 2 O3:Eu ,Pr;Gd2 O2 S :Pr ,Ce ,F ;Gd3Ga5O1 2 :Cr,Ce ;Lu2 O3:Eu ,Tb。并陶瓷闪烁体在先进医学和工业X 射线探测器CT成像中的应用和趋向进行了展望。  相似文献
2.
化学气相传输法制备无水氯化镥   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
以化学气相传输法制取无水LuCl3。Lu2O3(s)与Al2Cl6(g)在300℃反应生成LuCl3(s)。反应完成后,利用400~180℃的温度梯度场,实现LuCl3(s)的气相传输分离。剩余氯化铝在200℃用Cl2-N2混合载气去除。产物纯度〉99.9%。  相似文献
3.
稀土Lu_2O_3增强氮化硅陶瓷的结构与性能   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
以稀土氧化物Lu_2O_3作为单一添加剂,研究在热处理过程中,稀土氧化物对氮化硅在粉体状态下相变的影响.指出氮化硅粉体的α→β相变率与稀土氧化物的添加量、粉体的热处理温度之间的关系.发现热处理温度在1650 ℃以下时,氮化硅粉体的相变率随着添加剂含量的异常变化.以上述制备的β-氮化硅晶种,在不进行化学处理的情况下直接用于氮化硅陶瓷的增韧,使得所制备的氮化硅陶瓷在保持原有的室温强度基本不变的情况下,断裂韧性得到大幅度提高.在此体系中研究了β-氮化硅晶种的增韧效果及机制.分析了晶粒尺寸及其分布与氮化硅陶瓷性能及显微结构之间的关系.研究表明:以Lu_2O_3为单一添加剂的自增韧氮化硅陶瓷,晶种的加入使材料在保持强度的同时,断裂韧性提高了10%~20%.  相似文献
4.
Nickel-metal hydride (Ni/MH) batteries are one of promising batteries for electric vehicle applications, but at high temperature the charge efficiency of nickel electrode is very low. In order to improve the high-temperature-efficiency of nickel electrode, spherical nickel hydroxide mixed with various ratios of Lu2O3 was used as active material of pasted nickel electrodes. The results of charge/discharge experiments, cyclic voltammetric measurements and XRD characterizations have shown that after addition of Lu2O3, the oxygen evolution overpotcntial is elevated much, the charge efficiency of nickel electrode at high temperature is greatly improved and the content of β-NiOOH phase increases in charged electrodes. In addition, the mixed ratio of Lu2O3 has different effects on high temperature performances of nickel electrode at different charge/discharge currents, 3.5 % is the optimum mixed ratio, and the action of Lu2O3 on high temperature electrochemical behaviors is more apparent when nickel electrodes are charged at small current than large current.  相似文献
5.
在自增韧陶瓷的烧结过程中,添加β-Si3N4晶种有利于高温下长柱状晶的形成与生长,可以改善陶瓷的强度和韧性;本文以Lu2O3为添加剂,通过对原始Si3N4粉进行热处理,制备出转相充分、具有柱状形貌β-Si3N4晶种,重点研究了Lu2O3对氮化硅相变和晶种形貌的影响.实验结果表明,以Lu2O3为添加剂,在1750 ℃下热处理2 h能得到具有较纯β相含量和大长径比的β-Si3N4晶种.  相似文献
6.
1IntroductionAnhydrousrareearthhalides,especiallychlorides,arewidelyusedinindustryandscientificresearches,suchasinmanufactureofrareearthmetals,preparationofotheranhydrouscompoundsofrareearthcompounds,reactionofrareearthcompoundsinnonaqueoussoluti…  相似文献
7.
闪烁体材料是一类吸收X-射线或α,β-射线等高能光子后发出可见光的光功能材料,在高能物理、核医学、地质勘探等领域应用广泛.综述了Lu2O3-SiO2体系闪烁体材料的最新研究进展,包括闪烁晶体、闪烁陶瓷、闪烁粉体和闪烁薄膜的研究现状,并对Lu2O3-SiO2体系闪烁体材料的应用和发展进行了总结.  相似文献
8.
采用碳酸氢铵(NH4HCO3)为沉淀剂,用共沉淀法制备Yb3+和Tm3+共掺杂的Lu2O3:Yb3+,Tm3+纳米晶。研究Tm3+摩尔分数、Yb3+摩尔分数和煅烧温度对Lu2O3:Yb3+,Tm3+纳米晶的结构和上转换发光性能的影响。结果表明:所制备的纳米晶具有纯的Lu2O3相,结晶性较好。当掺杂的Tm3+浓度超过0.2%(摩尔分数)时,出现浓度淬灭效应。Tm3+和Yb3+的最佳掺杂比分别为0.2%和2%(摩尔分数)。在980nm半导体激光器的激发下,样品发射出蓝光(490nm)和红光(653nm),分别对应Tm3+的1G4→3H6和1G4→3F4跃迁。发射强度与激发功率的关系表明,Tm3+的1G4能级布居是三光子能量传递过程。随着煅烧温度的升高,上转换发光强度增强,这主要是因为随着温度的升高纳米晶表面的OH?减少和纳米晶尺寸增大。  相似文献
9.
以Ba4Sm9.33Ti18O54微波介质陶瓷为基础,掺杂Lu2O3进行改性,形成固溶式为Ba4(Sm1–yLuy)9.33Ti18O54的结构。结果表明,掺杂Lu2O3能很好地把Ba4Sm9.33Ti18O54微波介质陶瓷的烧结温度降至1 260℃,当y=0.05时Ba4Sm9.33Ti18O54为类钨青铜结构,能得到介电性能较佳的微波介质陶瓷:4.33GHz时εr约为76,Q.f约为2532,τf为–42×10–6/℃;y<0.5时生成了类钨青铜结构晶相,y≥0.5主晶相变成烧绿石相,不具备介电性。  相似文献
10.
Tb3+ and Yb3+ codoped Lu2O3 nanophosphors were synthesized by the reverse-strike co-precipitation method. The obtained Lu2O3:Tb3+,Yb3+ nanophosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) spectra. The XRD results showed that all the prepared nanophosphors could be readily indexed to pure cubic phase of Lu2O3 and indicated good crystallinity. The Tb3+→Yb3+ energy transfer mechanisms in the UV-blue region in Lu2O3 nanophosphors were investigated. The experimental results showed that the strong visible emission around 543 nm from Tb3+ (5D4→7F5) and near-infrared (NIR) emission around 973 nm from Yb3+ (2F5/2→2F7/2) of Lu2O3:Tb3+,Yb3+ nanophosphors were observed under ultraviolet light excitation, respectively. Tb3+ could be effectively excited up to its 4f75d1 state and relaxed down to the 5D4 level, from which the energy was transferred cooperatively to two neighboring Yb3+. The Yb3+ concentration dependent luminescent properties and lifetimes of both the visible and NIR emissions were also studied. The lifetime of the visible emission decreased with the increase of Yb3+ concentration, verifying the efficient energy transfer from the Tb3+ to the Yb3+. Cooperative energy transfer (CET) from Tb3+ to Yb3+ was discussed as a possible mechanism for the near-infrared emission. When doped concentrations were 1 mol.% Tb3+ and 2 mol.% Yb3+, the intensity of NIR emission was the strongest.  相似文献
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