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1.
ContextGlobal software development (GSD) contains different context setting dimensions, which are essential for effective teamwork and success of projects. Although considerable research effort has been made in this area, as yet, no agreement has been reached about the impact of these dispersion dimensions on team coordination and project outcomes.ObjectiveThis paper summarizes empirical evidence on the impact of global dispersion dimensions on coordination, team performance and project outcomes.MethodWe performed a systematic literature review of 46 publications from 25 journals and 19 conference and workshop proceedings, which were published between 2001 and 2013. Thematic analysis was used to identify global dimensions and their measures. Vote counting was used to decide on the impact trends of dispersion dimensions on team performance and software quality.ResultsGlobal dispersion dimensions are consistently conceptualized, but quantified in many different ways. Different dispersion dimensions are associated with a distinct set of coordination challenges. Overall, geographical dispersion tends to have a negative impact on team performance and software quality. Temporal dispersion tends to have a negative impact on software quality, but its impact on team performance is inconsistent and can be explained by type of performance.ConclusionFor researchers, we reveal several opportunities for future research, such as coordination challenges in inter-organizational software projects, impact of processes and practices mismatches on project outcomes, evolution of coordination needs and mechanism over time and impact of dispersion dimensions on open source project outcomes. For practitioners, they should consider the tradeoff between cost and benefits while dispersing tasks, alignment impact of dispersion dimensions with individual and organizational objectives, coordination mechanisms as situational approaches and collocation of development activities of high quality demand components in GSD projects.  相似文献   
2.
ContextBusiness process modeling is an essential part of understanding and redesigning the activities that a typical enterprise uses to achieve its business goals. The quality of a business process model has a significant impact on the development of any enterprise and IT support for that process.ObjectiveSince the insights on what constitutes modeling quality are constantly evolving, it is unclear whether research on business process modeling quality already covers all major aspects of modeling quality. Therefore, the objective of this research is to determine the state of the art on business process modeling quality: What aspects of process modeling quality have been addressed until now and which gaps remain to be covered?MethodWe performed a systematic literature review of peer reviewed articles as published between 2000 and August 2013 on business process modeling quality. To analyze the contributions of the papers we use the Formal Concept Analysis technique.ResultsWe found 72 studies addressing quality aspects of business process models. These studies were classified into different dimensions: addressed model quality type, research goal, research method, and type of research result. Our findings suggest that there is no generally accepted framework of model quality types. Most research focuses on empirical and pragmatic quality aspects, specifically with respect to improving the understandability or readability of models. Among the various research methods, experimentation is the most popular one. The results from published research most often take the form of intangible knowledge.ConclusionWe believe there is a lack of an encompassing and generally accepted definition of business process modeling quality. This evidences the need for the development of a broader quality framework capable of dealing with the different aspects of business process modeling quality. Different dimensions of business process quality and of the process of modeling still require further research.  相似文献   
3.
In this work, we discuss a recently proposed approach for supervised dimensionality reduction, the Supervised Distance Preserving Projection (SDPP) and, we investigate its applicability to monitoring material's properties from spectroscopic observations. Motivated by continuity preservation, the SDPP is a linear projection method where the proximity relations between points in the low-dimensional subspace mimic the proximity relations between points in the response space. Such a projection facilitates the design of efficient regression models and it may also uncover useful information for visualisation. An experimental evaluation is conducted to show the performance of the SDPP and compare it with a number of state-of-the-art approaches for unsupervised and supervised dimensionality reduction. The regression step after projection is performed using computationally light models with low maintenance cost like Multiple Linear Regression and Locally Linear Regression with k-NN neighbourhoods. For the evaluation, a benchmark and a full-scale calibration problem are discussed. The case studies pertain the estimation of a number of chemico-physical properties in diesel fuels and in light cycle oils, starting from near-infrared spectra. Based on the experimental results, we found that the SDPP leads to parsimonious projections that can be used to design light and yet accurate estimation models.  相似文献   
4.
21世纪是一个信息化的知识经济时代,以计算机为代表的现代信息技术的开发利用,使图书馆发生了巨大的变革。青年馆员作为图书馆行业的新生力量,为图书馆带来了生机与活力。作为满足读者需求的重要保证,新时代的图书馆员既要拥有熟练应用图书馆相关信息技术的能力,还要拥有复合型知识结构。  相似文献   
5.
面向彩色增强图像的客观质量评价算法   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
目的 现有的全参考图像质量评价方法使用“完美”的源信号作为参考,但是增强图像的参考图像通常不是“完美”的.因此,现有的全参考质量评价方法不能用于增强图像的评价,提出了一种新的面向彩色增强图像的质量评价算法.方法 利用图像的梯度、颜色和亮度特征,提出了增强图像的梯度增强图、颜色增强图和亮度增强因子的计算方法,计算增强图像相对于参考图像在梯度、颜色和亮度方面的增强程度;并建立了亮度增强因子和梯度增强图、颜色增强图之间的关系模型;另外,原图像的梯度和颜色特征也被提取用于增强图像的质量评价.结果 使用公开数据库进行的实验结果表明,该算法和现有最优算法相比,皮尔逊线性相关系数(PLCC)和斯皮尔曼相关系数(SROCC)分别提高了2.9%和2.5%,而均方根误差(RMSE)则降低了12.3%,获得了比现有算法更优越的性能.结论 本文算法解决了目前已有的评价算法需要参考图像为“完美”图像,而且增强图像质量无法采用相似性程度进行计算的问题,适用于为了获得更好视觉质量的不含噪增强图像的质量评价.  相似文献   
6.
目的 目前无参考图像质量评价算法的性能存在较大的提升空间,为了提高清晰度评价技术,提出了一种基于梯度信息与HVS滤波器的无参考清晰度评价算法(GI-F)。方法 该算法首先利用梯度算子计算各像素点的梯度信息,再通过HVS滤波器得到加权和作为图像的清晰度指标。结果 在公开数据库LIVE、TID2008和CSIQ上进行的实验,GI-F与S3(Spectral and Spatial Sharpness)、CPBD(Cumulative Probability of Blur Detection)和LPC-SI(Local Phase Coherence-based Sharpness Index)相比,性能指标RMSE(Root Mean Squared Error)、PLCC(Pearson Linear Correlation Coefficient)和SROCC(Spearman Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient)分别提升了20.66%、4.61%和3.33%;同时GI-F还具有更低的计算复杂度,即使与目前最好的BRISQUE(Blind/Referenceless Image Spatial QUality Evaluator)算法相比,耗时也降低了79.72%。结论 该算法只需耗费更少的时间即可计算出与人眼感知更加接近的客观清晰度指标,可广泛用于无参考图像情况下的清晰度指标计算场合,同时还可以通过并行计算进一步降低其计算时间。  相似文献   
7.
徐琳  陈强  汪青 《中国图象图形学报》2015,20(12):1583-1592
目的 由于色彩空间包含了图像的大量信息,而且Lab色彩空间更接近于人眼视觉,因此提出一种改进的无参考图像质量评价算法IQALE(image quality assessment using Lab color space and entropy),通过在SSEQ(spatial-spectral entropy-based quality)算法中加入Lab色彩空间a通道和b通道的特征来提高算法精度。方法 信息熵是近几年研究较多的图像特征,并且能较好地运用在图像质量评价研究中。该文在色彩空间和灰度空间同时提取信息熵特征,通过支持向量机(SVM)对图像特征和MOS值进行训练和测试。结果 在LIVE、TID2008、MICT、CSIQ和IVC这5个常用数据库上的实验结果表明:在算法中加入Lab色彩空间信息可以提高算法精度,并且本文算法IQALE的效果优于目前流行的无参考图像质量评价算法。为了验证算法的可扩展性,该文还在这5个数据库上进行了数据库独立性实验。结论 从实验结果来看,本文提出的IQALE算法通过加入色彩熵特征使得算法具有较高且较稳定的精度,数据库独立性实验也体现了算法较好的鲁棒性,对于各种失真类型都具有较好的普适性。  相似文献   
8.
The Community Line Source (C-LINE) modeling system estimates emissions and dispersion of toxic air pollutants for roadways within the continental United States. It accesses publicly available traffic and meteorological datasets, and is optimized for use on community-sized areas (100–1000 km2). The user is not required to provide input data, but can provide their own if desired. C-LINE is a modeling and visualization system that access inputs, performs calculations, visualizes results, provides options to manipulate input variables, and performs basic data analysis. C-LINE was applied to an area in Detroit, Michigan to demonstrate its use in an urban environment. It was developed in ArcGIS, but a prototype web version is in development for wide-scale use. C-LINE is not intended for regulatory applications. Its local-scale focus and ability to quickly (run time < 5 min) compare different roadway pollution scenarios supports community-based applications and help to identify areas for further research.  相似文献   
9.
In order to precisely retrieve the atmospheric CO2 , a retrieval method based on both near infrared (NIR) and thermal infrared (TIR) is established firstly. Then a look-up-table (LUT) based fast line-by-line radiative transfer model (RTM) was integrated into the retrieval procedure to accelerate radiative transfer calculations. The LUT stores gas absorption cross-sections as a function of temperature, pressure and wavenumber. It could greatly reduce calculating time in radiative transfer compared to direct line-by-line method. Then retrieval was simulated using NIR, TIR and both bands. The retrieved CO2 profiles suggest joint approach could reconstruct CO2 profile better than those using NIR or TIR alone. Joint retrieval using both bands simultaneously could provide better constrain to CO2 vertical distribution in the whole troposphere.  相似文献   
10.
橡胶沥青水老化试验研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
沥青路面的长期使用过程中,水是影响沥青老化的主要因素之一。为研究水老化作用方式及水量对橡胶沥青老化性能的影响,本文以橡胶沥青和TOR橡胶沥青两种材料为例,通过改变水作用阶段和用水量试验研究不同水老化方式对橡胶沥青老化后软化点、粘度、疲劳因子、蠕变劲度、蠕变速率的影响。试验结果表明:选择在压力老化前三分之一时间(400min)进行加水压力老化试验,后三分之二时间进行无水压力老化试验的水老化作用方式最具可行性;对比无水压力老化试验和加水压力老化试验可知,水的存在促进了橡胶沥青的热氧老化;随水量的增加,TOR橡胶沥青的高温稳定性能降低,抗疲劳开裂能力和低温性能降低,沥青老化加剧。  相似文献   
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