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1.
镇江铁矿地下爆破振动测试分析   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
通过对镇江韦岗铁矿地下爆破振动速度测定 ,探索了质点峰值振速衰减规律 ,研究了振动频率、纵波速度和振动持续时间 ,并作了频谱分析。  相似文献
2.
边坡稳定性条分法和容重增加法的耦合分析   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
结合有限元方法或有限差分法和极限平衡法各自的优点详细分析边坡稳定性,提出了基于条分法和容重增加法耦合分析的基本原理及边坡安全系数的计算程序。利用有限元软件ANSYS和有限差分软件FLAC得出边坡最危险滑动面以及坡体内的应力和应变,然后,通过极限平衡条分理论求得边坡安全系数。算例表明耦合分析求得的边坡稳定安全系数与其它方法的计算结果相近,而且精确分析了强度指标c、φ对边坡稳定的影响,为边坡加固设计提供了依据。  相似文献
3.
Rainfall infiltration depth and mode can severely influence slope stability.With the sustained rainfall,the influenced region of slope gradually expands.By using the Green-Ampt model to the soil slope,infiltration regulation was discussed under sustained and small intensity rainfall.And the infiltration rate of unsaturated soil was proposed according to the saturated infiltration theory.Because of the changing of initial moisture content in depth of slope,the saturated or unsaturated infiltration rate and depth could also be changeable with the sustained rainfall infiltration.Based on the principle of strength reduction,the calculation model of slope safety factor was established under different initial moisture contents and infiltration modes.Then,the slope stability was quantitatively analyzed through software FLAC3D.The calculation results of soil slope engineering show that there is a shorter period for slope stability under different initial moisture contents and unsaturated infiltration ways at the slope wetting front.The stability period of slope is 33.3% according to different initial moisture contents of wetting front less than that of the same initial moisture content of wetting front.And the slope is easier to fail under the unsaturated infiltration.The results agree well with the actual situation under sustained and small intensity rainfall.  相似文献
4.
Based on some assumptions, the dynamic analysis model of anchorage system is established. The dynamic governing equation is expressed as finite difference format and programmed by using MATLAB language. Compared with theoretical method, the finite difference method has been verified to be feasible by a case study. It is found that under seismic loading, the dynamic response of anchorage system is synchronously fluctuated with the seismic vibration. The change of displacement amplitude of material points is slight, and comparatively speaking, the displacement amplitude of the outside point is a little larger than that of the inside point, which shows amplification effect of surface. While the axial force amplitude transforms considerably from the inside to the outside. It increases first and reaches the peak value in the intersection between the anchoring section and free section, then decreases slowly in the free section. When considering damping effect of anchorage system, the finite difference method can reflect the time attenuation characteristic better, and the calculating result would be safer and more reasonable than the dynamic steady-state theoretical method. What is more, the finite difference method can be applied to the dynamic response analysis of harmonic and seismic random vibration for all kinds of anchor, and hence has a broad application prospect.  相似文献
5.
运用FLAC3D建立了某一隧道三维地质模型并进行了分析。隧道开挖后,围岩应力进行了重新分布,拱顶、拱底、两侧边墙出现了应力集中现象,拱顶、拱底竖向位移较大;粘聚力c的大小对塑性区的范围影响很大,而泊松比μ和内摩擦角φ对塑性区范围的影响较小。研究能有效地对隧道开挖过程中围岩的应力、位移、塑性区进行预测,以降低隧道施工风险,确保施工安全。  相似文献
6.
以含水量作为土体抗剪强度的主要控制参量,分析了边坡含水量和抗剪强度随降雨时间的变化特性,建立了持续小强度降雨入渗条件下非饱和边坡土的总凝聚力和内摩擦角与时间的关系。随着降雨持续进行,边坡降雨影响区域扩大。通过FLAC3D进行强度折减,得到了持续降雨过程不同时间段的边坡动态安全系数和边坡失稳前的持续时间。工程计算结果表明,持续小强度降雨条件下边坡临界滑动面仍处在非饱和状态。  相似文献
7.
草本植物根系使边坡土体浅层成为土体和根系的复合材料,它通过根土摩擦作用和根的抗拉作用,增强了根系土层的整体抗剪强度,但至今人们对草本植物根系对边坡岩土体的作用及效应的研究仍很少,亟待深入。通过对草本植物根系加固边坡的力学原理进行了全面的分析,不但提出了根土作用的力学模型,而且对边坡增加的抗剪强度和增加的边坡稳定性系数进行了定量计算。从而为草本植物生态护坡提供了理论依据。  相似文献
8.
探讨了岩体本构模型之间的关系,通过材料参数的换算,实现了等效Mohr-Coulomb屈服准则在Ansys中的应用.借助有明显滑面的岩质边坡算例分析,验证了采用它来代替Mohr-Coulomb屈服准则是可行的,同时运用外角点外接圆锥Drucker-Prager屈服准则、等效Mohr-Coulomb屈服准则、极限平衡法进行计算,做了边坡稳定性及物理量随结构面参数变化的灵敏度分析、计算结果对比,得到了一些有益的结论,对有明显滑面岩质边坡稳定性分析及支护结构设计具有一定的参考价值.  相似文献
9.
Equivalent Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion was established,and the relationship between different constitutive models was studied.The application of equivalent Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion in Ansys was achieved by means of transforming material parameters.The stability research aiming at the most common rock slope without conspicuous slide surface was accomplished,the methods of measurably assessing the stability of rock slope without conspicuous slide surface were explored,and the disadvantages of method of minimum slide-resisted reserve as dangerous slide path were pointed out.The results show that through the calculation and analysis of cases,the conception that measurable assessment of the stability of rock slope without conspicuous slide surface can be achieved under condition that equivalent Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion is validated.Its safety parameter formula is explicit in theory and credible in results.The results obtained are approximate to those obtained by using finite element intensity reducing method.  相似文献
10.
Considering the rheological properties of rock and soil body,and exploiting the merit of strength reduction technique,a theory of couple analysis is brought forward on the basis of strength reduction theory and rheological properties.Then,the concept and the calculation procedure of the safety factor are established at different time.Making use of finite element software ANSYS,the most dangerous sliding surface of the slope can be obtained through the strength reduction technique.According to the dynamic safety factor based on rheological mechanism,a good forecasting could be presented to prevent and cure the landslide.The result shows that the couple analysis reveals the process of the slope failure with the time and the important influence on the long-term stability due to the rheological parameters.  相似文献
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