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A new method called mixed Lagrangian and Eulerian method(MiLE method) was used to simulate the thermomechanical behavior during continuous casting process of steel YF45MnV.The simulation results are basically in agreement with the measured data.The delaying period at the beginning of solidification is about 0.1 in square root of solidification time which is agreement with the data in literatures,and shell thickness increases in linear relation to square root of solidification time.The bloom surface temperature decreases gradually as the casting proceeds.The effective stress in the corner is much larger than that in the mid-face.The corner area is the dangerous zone of cracking.The effects of mold flux break temperature on the air gap and hot tearing indicator were also modeled.The model predicts that the bloom surface temperature increases with the increase of the mold flux break temperature,but the heat flux decreases with the increase of the mold flux break temperature.The hot tearing indicator is much smaller when the mold flux break temperature is higher.  相似文献
2.
Air-bubble generator is the key part of the self-inspiration type swirl flotation machines,whose flow field structure has a great effect on flotation.The multiphase volume of fluid(VOF),standard k-ε turbulent model and the SIMPLE method were chosen to simulate the present model;the first order upwind difference scheme was utilized to perform a discrete solution for momentum equation.The distributing law of the velocity,pressure,turbulent kinetic energy of every section along the flow direction of air-bubble generator was analyzed.The results indicate that the bubbles are heavily broken up in the middle cross section of throat sect and the entrance of diffuser sect along the flow direction,and the turbulent kinetic energy of diffuser sect is larger than the entrance of throat sect and mixing chamber.  相似文献
3.
For shallow tunnels of single-lane railway and four-lane road,numerical simulation using finite differential code was conducted.The mechanical behavior of loose rock masses was studied considering the influences of shear dilation on the shape of the failure surface for the shallow tunnels,and the break angles using numerical simulation was compared with those using the Rankine’s analytical solutions and design code.From the comparisons,it is found that the difference between the break angle by numerical simulation and the design code is small when the shear dilation angle is equal to 0,with the maximum relative difference being less than 0.2% in road tunnels.With the dilation angle’s increase,the loose plasticity zone area of surrounding rock reduces obviously,and the break angle increases gradually.When the dilation angle is equal to the internal friction angle,the materials follow associated flow rule,and the numerical solution of the break angle is larger than the analytical solution,with the maximum relative difference being greater than 16.7% in road tunnels.Therefore,associated flow rule leads to overestimating break angle,and the dilation angle has an important influence on the failure surface shape for shallow tunnels in the loose surrounding rocks.  相似文献
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