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Adsorption refrigeration is an environment benign and cost-effective way for waste heat recovery and solar energy utilization[1].The adsorption working pairs mainly include activated carbon-methanol, activated carbon-ammonia, zeolite-water, CaCl2-NH3, etc. The working pair of CaCl2-NH3 has such advantages as large sorption quantity and fast sorption rate[2—5]. However, it has also disadvantages of swelling, disintegration and agglomeration, which are the main obstacles to its application[6…  相似文献
2.
The adsorption performance of CaCl2−NH3 is studied under the condition of different expansion spaces for adsorbent, and the relationships between adsorption performance of CaCl2−NH3 and the phenomena of swelling and agglomeration during adsorption are researched. It is found that the performance stability is related to the ratio of expansion space to the volume of adsorbent r as, and the performance attenuation is serious in the case of large r as. Severe adsorption hysteresis exists in the process of adsorption and desorption at the same evaporating and condensing temperatures, which is related to the stability constant of chemical reaction. This phenomenon cannot be explained by the theory of physical adsorption. Moderate agglomeration will be beneficial to the formation of ammoniate complex; the magnitude of expansion space will affect adsorption performance. Analysis shows that the activated energy needed in the process of adsorption for the sample with r as. of 2∶1 is less than that for the sample with r as of 3∶1. The refrigeration performance of CaCl2−NH3 is predicted from experiments. The cooling capacity of one adsorption cycle is about 945.4 kJ/kg for the adsorbent with an r as of 2∶1 at the evaporating temperature of 0°C.  相似文献
3.
红柱石与捕收剂作用机理的量子化学研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
采用量子化学从头算起方法中的RHF(Hartree-Fock-Roothaan)方法,利用中等大小的基组6-31G(d,p),计算了红柱石晶体中各离子的电荷分布以及阴离子捕收剂十二烷基磺酸钠和阳离子捕收剂十二胺与红柱石相互作用的键级和吸附热。根据量子化学计算结果分析了红柱石与这两种捕收剂的成键机理,认为十二烷基磺酸钠为化学吸附,十二胺为物理吸附,同时预测十二烷基磺酸钠对红柱石的捕收能力大于十二胺,上述捕收能力预测与浮选试验结果相一致。  相似文献
4.
几种常用捕收剂与红柱石作用机理的量子化学研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
运用量子化学中RHF(Hartree-Fock-Roothaan)方法,利用STO-3G基组,研究红柱石晶体中各离子电荷分布及4种捕收剂与红柱石作用的键级与能量变化。经对红柱石与捕收剂成键机理分析表明,十二烷基磺酸钠为化学吸附,十二胺为物理吸附,油酸钠和羟肟酸为物理吸附与化学吸附共存。4种捕收剂按捕收能力从强到弱的排序为:十二烷基磺酸钠〉十二胺〉羟肟酸〉油酸钠。该排序结果与浮选试验结果一致。  相似文献
5.
应用氢氧滴定仪对钌掺杂聚吡咯络合物(PPRUC)的实际吸附小分子H2和O2的能力进行了测试,同时应用量子化学的方法(CNDO/2程序)对小分子H2和O2一种分子的单个、多个吸附以及H2和O2的不同组合的吸附进行了理论计算;对以上的各种情况在PPRUC上的不同位置的吸附也进行了理论计算。测试表明在同一温度下PPRUC对O2的吸附量是对H2的吸附量的9~13倍。理论计算表明,顺式PPRUC和反式PPRUC对O2的吸附都很稳定,只有反式PPRUC对H2有稳定的吸附。理论计算和实际吸附测试的结果得到了很好的印证。  相似文献
6.
Environment and energy resources are two critical global problems. Adsorption re-frigeration, as an environmental friendly and energy saving technology [1], attracts moreand more attention in recent years. Adsorption refrigeration mainly includes physical adsorption and chemical adsorp-tion. As a type of chemical adsorption working pair, CaCl2-NH3 has the prominent ad-vantage of large adsorption quantity. However, CaCl2-NH3 also has several disadvan-tages, such as performance attenuat…  相似文献
7.
改良型腰果酚醛树脂应用到铸件等浸渍、粘合、烘干等过程中会产生恶臭,排放前需要降解处理。研究采用低温等离子体技术结合吸收方法处理改良型腰果酚醛树脂废气,考察了处理工程中峰值电压、停留时间、吸收液pH值对废气去除率的影响。实验室小试改良型腰果酚醛树脂废气进口浓度85 ppm,停留时间1.2 s时,去除率可达92%;工业扩大示范工程去除率最高可达80%,排气口出气平均恶臭浓度1 239.5(无量纲),满足《恶臭污染物排放标准》(GB14554-93)中相关规定。  相似文献
8.
碳纳米管由于其独特的性质和广泛的应用前景,在作为吸附材料方面已引起国内外研究者的广泛兴趣.目前有关碳纳米管对有机物的吸附机理主要集中在以下几种作用:疏水作用、π-π键作用、H键作用、静电作用力等.由于碳纳米管在吸附有机物时,以上几种作用力可能同时存在,因而很难仅通过一种机理来预测碳纳米管对某有机物的吸附作用.不同类别的物质的吸附作用,起主导作用的吸附机理不同.因此,要预测有机物与碳纳米管之间的相互作用力,需要建立不同的吸附模型.另外,研究碳纳米管与有机物的吸附作用,在研究碳纳米管性质、有机物性质的同时,作用环境的研究也显得非常重要.  相似文献
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