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Arkansas‐grown non‐genetically modified soybean cultivar, R08‐4004, was selected to prepare a protein isolate, which was treated with Alcalase for limited enzymatic hydrolysis. The objective was to optimize the Alcalase hydrolysis condition to produce soy protein hydrolysate (SPH) with high protein yield, low bitterness, and clarity for beverage applications. The degree of hydrolysis ranged between 14 and 52 % during the study at varying incubation times using two different concentrations of Alcalase enzyme. Recovery of soluble protein, between 21 and 53 %, was achieved with a decrease in turbidity. There was an increase in surface hydrophobicity (S0) which is correlated with bitterness of SPH treated with 1.0 AU (3.2 µL/g) of Alcalase 2.4 L. The sodium dodecyl sulfate‐polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed a distinct hydrolysis pattern in which 7S globulin and the two acidic sub‐units of 11S globulin were hydrolyzed extensively in comparison to the two basic sub‐units of 11S globulin. Limited enzymatic hydrolysis produced low molecular weight peptides <17 kDa. Among these SPHs, the one derived after 120 min incubation had the highest soluble protein yield (43 %), low S0 value (35.4), low turbidity (0.88), and highest angiotensin‐I converting enzyme (ACE‐I) inhibition activity (66.6 %). This hydrolysate has potential use as protein rich nutraceutical for developing many non‐genetically modified food product applications.  相似文献
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A wide range of food-derived bioactive peptides have been shown to exert health-promoting actions and are therefore considered functional foods or nutraceuticals. Some of these actions are related to the maintenance, reinforcement or repairment of the intestinal barrier function (IBF) whose role is to selectively allow the absorption of water, nutrients and ions while preventing the influx of microorganisms from the intestinal lumen. Alterations in the IBF have been related to many disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease or metabolic syndrome. Components of IBF are the intestinal epithelium, the mucus layer, secretory immunoglobulin A and cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems. Here we review the effects of food derived bioactive peptides on these IBF components. In vitro and in vivo effects, both in healthy and disease states, have been reviewed. Although limited, the available information indicates a potential for food-derived peptides to modify IBF and to contribute to disease treatment, but further research is needed to better isolate responsible peptides, and to help define their mode of action.  相似文献
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