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1.
Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) usually have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. We determined the HDL distribution profile as well as the HDL-related lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (HDL-LpPLA2) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activities in subjects with MetS (n = 189) but otherwise healthy. Age and sex-matched individuals (n = 166) without MetS served as controls. The lower HDL-C concentration in MetS patients was due to a reduction in both large and small HDL subclasses (P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively). As the number of MetS components increased, the HDL phenotype comprised of a greater percentage of small HDL-3 and less large HDL-2 subclasses, resulting in a decreased HDL-2/HDL-3 ratio (P < 0.001 for all trends). Multivariate analysis revealed that HDL-2 levels and the HDL-2/HDL-3 ratio significantly and independently correlated with HDL-C (positively) and TG (negatively) levels. HDL-3 concentration significantly and independently positively correlated with HDL-C and TG levels. HDL-LpPLA2 activity was decreased in MetS patients (P < 0.01), a phenomenon that may contribute to the defective antiatherogenic activity of HDL in MetS. PON1 activity did not differ between groups. We conclude that MetS, in addition to the decrease in HDL-C concentration, is associated with alterations in the HDL phenotype, which is comprised of a greater percentage of small HDL subclasses. Furthermore, HDL-LpPLA2 activity is decreased in MetS patients.  相似文献
2.
Sugar cane policosanols (SCP) have been shown to exert antioxidant properties in various studies conducted in Cuba. Independent studies have since reported no significant effect of SCP consumption on oxidized LDL levels. The objective of the present study was to confirm the effects of Cuban SCP on LDL oxidation using a high-precision capture ELISA procedure in hypercholesterolemic individuals. Twenty-one otherwise healthy hypercholesterolemic men and post-menopausal women participated in a randomized double blind crossover study where they received 10 mg/day of policosanol or a placebo incorporated in margarine as an evening snack for a period of 28 days. Subjects maintained their usual dietary and exercise habits throughout the duration of the study. Blood was collected on the first as well as the last 2 days of the trial. LDL oxidation was measured from plasma using a solid phase two-site enzyme immunoassay. A lack of effect of SCP was observed on LDL cholesterol levels, as well as no difference in LDL oxidation between the SCP treatment and placebo at the end of the intervention period. Subject body weights remained stable throughout the study and showed no significant correlation with LDL oxidation levels. Absolute levels of plasma LDL cholesterol were significantly (P < 0.05) correlated with plasma concentrations of oxidized LDL. The findings of the present study suggest that SCP do not significantly affect LDL oxidation. Our results align with results of recent policosanol research questioning the efficacy of these natural extracts as cardio-protective agents.  相似文献
3.
1 INTRODUCTION It's evident that high level of cholesterol in blood is associated with the formation and devel-opment of familial hypercholestrolemia(FH)and atherosclerosis(AS).In general,choles-terol in blood is mainly combined with low-density lipoproteins(LDL),very low-densitylipoproteins(VLDL)and high density lipoproteins(HDL).About 60%-80% cholesterolexists in LDL and VLDL.LDL and VLDL have been recognized as the principal pathologic  相似文献
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5.
It is commonly accepted that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) plays an important role in coronary heart disease (CHD) and etiologically related atherogenesis. Consumption of wine may contribute to the low risk of CHD in the Mediterranean population. These findings raise the question of the in vivo antioxidant role of wine phenolic compounds after a prolonged supplementation period in healthy human volunteers. We found that subjects, receiving 2 g/d of an alcohol-free red wine-extracted phenolic compound (RWPC) mixture for 14 d (which was equivalent to about 1 L/d of the red wine), exhibited an increase in the plasma antioxidative capacity and in LDL vitamin E by blood sampling under fasting conditions. The fact that the LDL Cu2+-oxidizability was not decreased can be explained by both the lack of phenolic compound affinity for the lipoprotein particle, highlighted by LDL dialysis, and the insufficient increase in LDL vitamin E, as shown by the relationship between vitamin E content and oxidation resistance of LDL evidenced by literature data. These results support that RWPC could play a coantioxidant role, similar to that of vitamin C, possibly accounting for their LDL vitamin E sparing effect and their beneficial role in lowering CHD risks.  相似文献
6.
In addition to fatty acids, especially polyunsaturated species, cholesterol oxidizes and leads to various oxygenated derivatives, named oxysterols. They display a wide range of adverse biological properties. Monitoring oxysterols is important in the evaluation of the potential risks associated with lipid oxidation. In the present study, a quick and reliable method was developed for analysis of oxysterols, sterols, and fatty acid composition of phospholipids in the same biological sample. Total lipid extraction was determined after addition of several internal standards (epicoprostanol for sterols, 19-hydroxy-cholesterol for oxysterol and di-heptadecanoyl-phosphatidylcholine for phospholipid fatty acids). Cold acetone-mediated precipitation was then used to fractionate sterols from phospholipids. The phospholipid-containing precipitate was transmethylated for fatty acid analysis by gas chromatography. The sterol- and oxysterol-containing phase was saponified under mild conditions to avoid artificial oxysterol generation and was analyzed by gas chromatography after derivatization into trimethylsilyl ethers. The overall procedure was found to be specific with good recovery and reproducibility for sterols, oxysterols [mean coefficient of variation in percent (CV), 11.3%] as well as phospholipid fatty acids (CV, 5.6%). This procedure has been used to document in vitro free radical treated-human low-density lipoproteins and erythrocytes. Results demonstrated that this method is a useful tool in assessing qualitative and quantitative differences in oxysterols and phospholipid fatty acid patterns attributed to lipid oxidation.  相似文献
7.
目的构建人C-反应蛋白(C-reactive protein,CRP)重组表达质粒pTracer CMV2-CRP,并观察其在人脐静脉内皮细胞(Human umbilical vein endothelical cells,HUVEC)中的表达及其对凝集素样氧化型低密度脂蛋白受体-1(Lectin-type oxidizedLDL receptor-1,LOX-1)、组织因子(Tissue factor,TF)表达的影响。方法以质粒pCR-BluntⅡ-TOPO-CRP为模板,PCR扩增CRP基因CDS序列,克隆至pTracer CMV2载体中,转化感受态大肠杆菌DH5α,构建重组表达质粒pTracer CMV2-CRP,转染HUVEC,设实验组(转染pTracer CMV2-CRP)、阴性对照组(转染pTracer-CMV2)及正常对照组,各组细胞经G418抗性筛选,RT-PCR及Western b1ot检测CRP基因的过表达效应及CRP的表达对HUVEC中LOX-1和TF转录及蛋白水平的影响。结果重组真核表达质粒pTracer CMV2-CRP经双酶切鉴定及测序证明构建正确。实验组细胞中,CRP基因过表达,且LOX-1和TF基因的转录及蛋白水平明显高于正常对照组和阴性对照组(P<0.05)。结论已成功构建人CRP基因重组真核表达质粒pTracerCMV2-CRP,并在HUVEC中过表达CRP,且明显上调HUVEC中LOX-1和TF的表达,为进一步阐述CRP在动脉粥样硬化形成过程中的作用提供了新的实验依据。  相似文献
8.
以黄原胶为原料,进行酸降解,再以3-氯-2-羟基丙磺酸钠为磺化试剂,在适当的条件下进行磺化反应,获得降解黄原胶磺化衍生物。考察降解黄原胶相对分子质量以及3-氯-2-羟基丙磺酸钠用量对产物磺酸基含量的影响,确立较优化的磺化反应条件。以降解黄原胶磺化衍生物为净化剂,研究其选择清除血浆中低密度脂蛋白(LDL)及纤维蛋白原(Fib)的性能。结果表明,在pH=5.10,净化剂浓度为2500 mg/L时,可使血浆总胆固醇(TC)下降45%左右,低密度脂蛋白胆固醇下降24%,纤维蛋白原清除近100%,而对总蛋白和高密度脂蛋白(HDL)影响较小。  相似文献
9.
Dietary enrichment with phytosterols (plant sterols similar to cholesterol) is able to reduce plasma cholesterol levels due to reduced intestinal absorption. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of phytosterol-enriched yogurt consumption on the major serum lipid parameters, low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor activity, LDL-receptor affinity, and CD36 expression in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Fifteen patients affected by polygenic hypercholesterolemia were evaluated in a single-blind randomized crossover study after a 4 weeks treatment with a phytosterol-enriched yogurt containing 1.6 g esterefied phytosterols (equivalent to 1.0 g free phytosterol). Lipid parameters were compared with a phytosterol-free placebo-controlled diet. The effect of the two treatments on each variable, measured as percentage change, was compared by paired samples t test and covariance analysis. The treatment induced a modest but significant decrease in LDL-cholesterol levels (4.3%, P = 0.03) and a significant increase in high density lipoprotein (HDL) 3-cholesterol (17.1%, P = 0.01). Phytosterol consumption had no effect on LDL-receptor activity whereas patient LDL-receptor affinity significantly increased (9.7%, P = 0.01) and CD36 expression showed a marked significant decrease (18.2%, P = 0.01) in the phytosterol-enriched yoghurt patients. Our data show that the oral administration of a phytosterol-enriched yogurt has modest but significant effects on commonly measured lipid parameters. The improvement of LDL-receptor affinity and the reduction in CD36 expression may reflect an important antiatherogenic effect.  相似文献
10.
HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) is an enzyme involved in cholesterol synthesis. To investigate the contribution of the HMGCR gene to lipids and lipoprotein subfractions in different ethnicities, we performed an association study in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). In total, 2,444 MESA subjects [597 African-Americans (AA), 627 Chinese-Americans (CHA), 612 European-Americans (EA), and 608 Hispanic-Americans (HA)] without statin use were included. Participants had measurements of blood pressure, anthropometry, and fasting blood samples. Subjects were genotyped for 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). After excluding SNPs with minor allele frequency <5%, a single block was constructed. The most frequent haplotype was H1 (41–56%) in all ethnic groups except AA (H2a, 44.9%). Lower triglyceride level was associated with the H2a haplotype in AA and H2 in HA. In HA, H4 carriers had higher levels of triglyceride and small low-density lipoprotein (s-LDL), and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), while carriers with H7 or H8 had associations with these traits in the opposite direction. No significant association was discovered in both CHA and EA. The total variation for triglyceride that could be explained by H2 alone was 2.6% in HA and 1.4% in AA. In conclusion, HMGCR gene variation is associated with multiple lipid/lipoprotein traits, especially with triglyceride, s-LDL, and HDL-c. The impact of the genetic variance is modest and differs greatly among ethnicities.  相似文献
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