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化学镀镍施镀过程稳定性分析   总被引:10,自引:10,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
以化学镀镍反应机理为依据,针对一种酸性化学镀镍体系,就主盐浓度(硫酸镍)、还原剂(次磷酸钠)、pH值、温度等因素对施镀过程中镀液稳定性的影响进行了分析。结果表明:在Ni2+质量浓度5.8 g/L、H2PO2-质量浓度17.4 g/L、pH值4.4、温度82℃的条件下施镀,化学镀镍施镀过程稳定性最佳。  相似文献
2.
稳定剂对96Al2O3陶瓷表面化学镀铜的影响   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
欧雪梅  朱正旺  崔永莉 《表面技术》2005,34(1):17-18,45
为改善甲醛、酒石酸钾钠体系的镀液稳定性,实验研究了分别添加及同时添加甲醇、亚铁氰化钾两种稳定剂,对96Al2O3陶瓷基片化学镀铜的沉积速度、外观及镀液稳定性的影响.结果证明,单一加入甲醇能很好改善镀液稳定性,适量的甲醇还能提高沉积速度;单一加入亚铁氰化钾也能明显改善镀液稳定性,而且还能改善镀层外观质量,但沉积速度下降;同时添加两稳定剂,可在沉积速度不降低的前提下,明显改善了镀液稳定性和镀层外观质量.  相似文献
3.
表面活性剂在陶瓷化学镀铜工艺中的作用   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
通过研究在镀液中添加十六烷基三甲基溴化铵(CTAB)、十二烷基硫酸钠(SDS)和吐温-80三种表面活性剂对化学镀铜沉积速率和镀液稳定性的影响,确定出三种添加剂的最优添加浓度。通过扫描电镜、能谱分析仪和X射线衍射仪,对镀层表面形貌、组成成分以及晶体结构分别进行研究。并通过线性伏安扫描法,研究了添加不同表面活性剂镀液的电化学行为。结果表明:表面活性剂可以提高化学镀铜的沉积速率和镀液稳定性。CTAB、SDS和吐温-80的最优添加浓度分别为1mg/L、20mg/L和5mg/L。加入SDS后,由于沉积速率过大,使得镀层颗粒变大。加入CTAB和吐温-80可以细化镀层的颗粒且更加致密。添加不同的表面活性剂后,镀层的晶粒尺寸没有太大改变,含铜量均为100%且镀层的晶粒呈现面心立方晶体结构。表面活性剂主要通过影响甲醛的氧化反应影响化学镀铜过程。  相似文献
4.
镀液中稀土掺杂对镍基化学镀的影响   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
张敬尧  杨秋菊 《表面技术》2012,(6):44-46,50
在酸性镍基化学镀液中掺杂稀土离子Y3+,Nd3+或La3+,研究了稀土对镀液稳定性、沉积速度及镀层性质(组织结构、显微硬度和耐蚀性能)的影响。结果表明:添加微量稀土即能提高镀液稳定性和沉积速度,其中Y3+的效果最明显,而La3+的效果最差;稀土应用于化学镀中可有效细化镀层晶粒,提高镀层硬度和耐蚀性。  相似文献
5.
Effects of added rare earth elements (RE) in the acidic hypophosphite plating bath on the plating rate, bath stability and microstructure of the electroless nickel-phosphorus (EN) deposits were studied. The surface appearance and microstructure were examined under a reflection optical microscope and a scanning electron microscope equipped with an in-situ energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, which can evaluate the elemental analysis of deposits. It was demonstrated that the rare earth elements can decrease grain size and refine microstructure.The deposition rate of the Ni-P deposits was estimated by gravimetric, polarization and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) methods. Results revealed that up to an optimum concentration of rare earth elements, the deposition rate increases. The stability test method was used to determine the stabilization effect of RE on the stability of the bath. It was found that the addition of RE significantly improved the Pd stability of the EN bath.  相似文献
6.
甘油铜络合物溶液化学镀铜的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
采用单因素优选实验法研究了影响化学镀铜速率和甘油铜镀液稳定性的各因素,确定了适宜的甘油铜化学镀液配方和工艺条件.结果表明,优选出的的镀液稳定性相对较高、沉铜速度快、镀层外观较好.  相似文献
7.
Bath decomposition is a major problem in the electroless nickel (EN) plating system. Although the stabilization mechanism is far from being fully understood, bath stabilizers are normally added to extend the bath life in a viable EN plating solution. In this study, the effects of Cd2+ as a stabilizer on the plating rate, bath stability, and phosphorus content, corrosion resistance and microstructure of the deposits were investigated. The deposited films were examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy and the X-ray photo spectroscopy (XPS). The electronic tunneling mechanism was used to elucidate the effect of the Cd2+ stabilizer on the plating system theoretically. The results calculated from theoretical method agreed well with the experimental data.  相似文献
8.
The applications of synthetic membranes are summarised and key properties reviewed. The mechanism of producing membranes by anodizing aluminium has been considered and a manufacturing process is described. Future applications of these novel membranes are discussed.  相似文献
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