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1.
研究了合金元素对双相不锈钢2101耐点蚀性能的影响规律。结果显示,2101系列合金的浸泡点蚀腐蚀速率在1.9~7.0 g/(m^2.h)之间,与304不锈钢在同一数量级;Mo是提高2101系双相不锈钢耐腐蚀性的关键元素,而N对耐腐蚀性的影响不大;点蚀起源和Thermo-Calc计算结果显示2101成分体系中,铁素体相是耐点蚀性较弱相,提高铁素体相耐蚀性是提高合金整体耐蚀性的关键;当Cr含量固定在21.5%时,Mo作为铁素体形成元素将在铁素体相中富集,提高铁素体相的耐点蚀性能,从而提高合金整体耐蚀性。  相似文献   
2.
温度对管线钢H2S/CO2腐蚀行为的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
利用高温高压反应釜模拟高含硫气田H2S/CO2共存环境,在流动溶液介质中进行腐蚀实验,辅以SEM和XRD,探讨了温度对API-X60管线钢H2S/CO2腐蚀行为的影响.结果表明:随温度的升高X60钢的腐蚀速率先升高后降低,腐蚀形态由局部腐蚀趋于全面腐蚀,高温区有点蚀倾向.低温区形成的腐蚀产物以马基诺矿型晶体(FeS1-...  相似文献   
3.
In this work, the pitting corrosion resistance of welding duplex stainless steel 2205 was studied. Joints were made using the GMAW process with different fillers: duplex ER 2209 and two austenitic fillers (ER 316LSi and ER 308LSi). The microstructure obtained with the duplex ER 2209 filler is similar to the duplex 2205 base material, but the joints produced with the austenitic fillers cause a decrease of the α/γ phase ratio. In order to evaluate the influence of the filler on the weld, the pitting corrosion resistance was determined by means of an electrochemical critical pitting temperature test, and the mechanical properties by the hardness test. The phase imbalance produced for the different fillers causes variation of the pitting corrosion resistance and the mechanical properties. The variation in the mechanical properties of the material was also studied by means of hardness tests.  相似文献   
4.
何德孚  周志江  王晶滢 《焊管》2011,34(12):62-68
00Cr17Ni14Mo2是2007年前我国国标中设定的一种与国际上316L钢种相对应的同类钢种,该钢种是美国AISI 316L,即UNS S31603的等效钢种,设计选材时可相互取代.但由于成分设定上略有差异,在钢管标准中把两者等同或在贸易合同把他们混为同一钢种都是不妥当的.由此引发的一些贸易争议时有发生,因此必须澄...  相似文献   
5.
2205双相不锈钢的激光-MIG复合焊接头性能   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
常规的高能束焊接方法因焊后冷速较快易导致双相不锈钢焊缝及热影响区两相比例失衡,接头性能恶化.采用激光-MIG复合焊接方法对2205双相不锈钢进行焊接,焊后对接头微观组织、力学性能和腐蚀性能分析发现,焊缝及热影响区铁素体相比例控制在40%~70%合理范围内,接头硬度和抗拉强度高于母材,焊缝、熔合线、热影响区的~40℃冲击...  相似文献   
6.
It has become of paramount importance to be able to perform failure analysis of defects on hard disk surfaces quickly and accurately. In this study, ultrasonic pitting defects on hard disk surfaces were investigated. A new electrical tagging pattern system, which directly translated the channel bits to magnetic transitions during writing of the magnetic pattern around a defect, was used in the failure analysis of magnetic recording disks to mark defective sectors. With the help of the Kerr magneto-effect, the defective sectors were effectively located for further failure analysis. Results of the failure analysis revealed that there was 30% to 40% loss of the recorded magnetic bit signal due to an increase in the gap between a recording head and a hard disk surface with ultrasonic pitting defects. The experiments performed indicated that low ultrasonic power for disk cleaning could reduce the ultrasonic pitting defects significantly. The maximum failure rate due to single-type ultrasonic pitting defects was reduced from 33.4% to 16.7%, while the maximum failure rate due to cluster-type ultrasonic pitting defects was reduced from 11.1% to 5%.  相似文献   
7.
目的研究普通碳钢P110、3Cr、普通马氏体不锈钢13Cr和超级马氏体不锈钢HP2-13Cr钢在某油井超临界CO_2环境中的耐蚀特性。方法模拟该高温高压高含CO_2且含Cl–油井的腐蚀环境,采用高温高压反应釜对上述四种油管钢进行挂片实验,借助高精度天平、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、能量色散X射线能谱(EDS)从平均腐蚀速率、清理腐蚀产物后试样的表观特征、腐蚀产物的表面形貌和化学成分及腐蚀机制方面分析其抗均匀腐蚀与抗点蚀特性。结果在CO_2分压达12 MPa,110℃,Cl–质量浓度为16 542 mg/L的典型环境,P110,3Cr油管钢的平均腐蚀速率分别为5.625,2.992 mm/a;13Cr为0.155 mm/a,有点蚀发生,HP2-13Cr则为0.003 mm/a,且为均匀腐蚀,HP2-13Cr能满足模拟腐蚀环境的使用要求。结论在上述超临界CO_2环境,碳钢P110与3Cr在基体表面不存在Cr的富集,耐蚀性差;马氏体不锈钢13Cr和超级马氏体不锈钢HP2-13Cr因基体表面能生成致密的钝化膜,则表现出相对优良的耐蚀性,但两者的合金元素Ni,Mo含量不同,造成了对两者抗均匀腐蚀与抗点蚀性能的显著差异。  相似文献   
8.
拉应力对2205双相不锈钢耐点蚀性能的影响   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
张东海  刘睿  程从前  赵杰 《表面技术》2016,45(3):12-16,126
目的探究分别在40℃和60℃下,拉应力与2205双相钢耐点蚀性能的关系。方法分析2205双相不锈钢在施加0、140、540 MPa三种拉应力的条件下,于临界点蚀温度以下(40℃)和临界点蚀温度附近(60℃)的3.5%Na Cl溶液中的动电位极化行为,并对比了不同拉应力对2205双相钢阻抗特性的影响。结果动电位极化曲线表明,140 MPa下点蚀电位稳定,40、60℃下击破电位分别为0.7、0.8 V;540 MPa拉应力使双相钢点蚀电位从无应力时的0.9 V下降至0.3 V。阻抗分析表明,40℃时所有样品均为单一阻抗特征,且阻抗值较大,应力会降低阻抗值。在60℃、开路电位条件下,0、140 MPa拉应力时具有较高阻抗,540 MPa拉应力时为具有点蚀萌生的阻抗弧;在60℃、600 m V偏压条件下,0、540 MPa拉应力时呈现点蚀阻抗特征,而140 MPa时阻抗仍较高。阻抗谱等效电路拟合结果结合不锈钢表面微观形貌表明,在40℃溶液中,OCP及600 m V偏压下试样表面均没有发生点蚀,应力对钝化膜电阻Rp没有明显影响,阻抗值为30 000Ω·cm2左右。温度升高至60℃后,钝化膜阻值明显降低;开路电位、540 MPa应力条件下不锈钢发生点蚀,阻抗值由0 MPa下的20 000Ω·cm2左右降到10 000Ω·cm2左右;在600m V偏压下,0、540 MPa拉应力时均发生点蚀,而140 MPa时均未发现点蚀。结论在40℃和60℃,140MPa拉应力可以抑制2205双相钢的点蚀,540 MPa拉应力则加速点蚀的发生。  相似文献   
9.
A two‐dimensional computational model for simulation of contact fatigue of gear teeth flanks is presented. In the model, it is assumed that the initial crack of length 0.015 mm is initiated at the surface due to previous mechanical or heat treatment of the material as well as a consequence of the running in process. The discretized model with the initial crack is then subjected to normal contact pressure, which takes into account the elasto‐hydro‐dynamic (EHD) lubrication conditions, and tangential loading due to friction between contacting surfaces. The model also considers the moving contact of gear flanks, fluid trapped in the crack and residual stresses due to heat treatment of the material on crack propagation. The virtual crack extension (VCE) method, implemented in the finite element method, is then used for simulating the fatigue crack growth from the initial crack up to the formation of the surface pit. The computational results show that the initial surface crack of length 15 μm and the considered boundary conditions lead to the appearance of very small surface pits, which can be termed as micro‐pitting on gear teeth flanks. The numerical results correspond well with available experimental data.  相似文献   
10.
Grade 316L is a type of austenitic stainless steel with ultra‐low carbon content and it exhibits superior corrosion resistance. However, pitting is always observed in 316L steel when it is exposed to media containing halide ions. In the present study, we found that in the presence of acetate acid (HAc) containing chloride or bromide ions, pitting occurred on the surface of the rotary steam pipes with the matrix material of 316L steel in terephthalic acid (TA) dryer. In order to identify the causes of the failure, metallographic structures and chemical compositions of the matrix material were inspected by an optical microscope (OM) and a photoelectric direct reading spectrometer. Beside these, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) as well as ion chromatography (IC) were used to analyze the micromorphologies of the corrosion pits and the chemical compositions of the corrosion deposits within them. Analysis of the results revealed the sources of halide ions and the factors accelerating the corrosion rate. Beside these, detailed mechanisms of pitting were discussed and six out of all the seven theoretical morphologies of pitting features were obtained in practice.  相似文献   
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