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Cheng SL  Wong SL  Lu SW  Chen H 《Ultramicroscopy》2008,108(10):1200-1204
We report here the successful fabrication of large-area size-tunable periodic arrays of cobalt and Co-silicide nanodots on silicon substrates by employing the colloidal nanosphere lithography (NSL) technique and heat treatments. The growth of low-resistivity epitaxial CoSi(2) was found to be more favorable for the samples with smaller Co nanodot sizes. The sizes of the epitaxial CoSi(2) nanodots can be tuned from 50 to 100nm by varying the diameter of the colloidal spheres and annealing temperatures. The epitaxial CoSi(2) nanodots were found to grow with an epitaxial orientation with respect to the (001)Si substrates: [001]CoSi(2)//[001]Si and (200)CoSi(2)//(400)Si. From the results of planview HRTEM, XTEM, and SAED analysis, the epitaxial CoSi(2) nanodots were identified to be inverse pyramids in shape, and the average sizes of the faceted silicide nanodots were measured to decrease with annealing temperature. The observed results present the exciting prospect that with appropriate controls, the colloidal NSL technique promises to facilitate the growth of a variety of well-ordered silicide nanodots with selected shape, size, and periodicity.  相似文献
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采用改进的Stöber法合成直径为500 nm的SiO2纳米球,用旋涂法将所合成的SiO2纳米球制作掩模版,采用纳米球刻蚀法制备GaAs纳米线阵列。利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、漫反射谱对其进行了表征分析,再对所制备出的GaAs纳米线阵列结构进行Cs-F交替激活实验,使其表面形成负电子亲和势光阴极,并对最终制备出的GaAs纳米线阵列光阴极样品进行量子效率测试,验证了GaAs纳米线阵列结构的量子效率比GaAs基片提高50%以上,从而证实了纳米线阵列结构的高光电转换效率。  相似文献
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