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光学平面的干涉检测发展至今,检测精度已经大大提高,而高精度的平面检测很大程度上受限于参考平面的精度,针对参考平面面形对检测结果的影响,利用绝对平面检测方法,通过多次测量以达到消除参考平面偏差的目的。从测量方式和计算方法两个方面分析了不同绝对平面检测方法的原理,介绍了最新发表的相关成果以及研究动态,并对比了检测结果。这些检测方法已经精确到像素级,并通过多种计算方法使得峰谷(PV)值的计算精度大部分达到了λ/100。  相似文献
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采用多光束干涉技术观察往复运动条件下润滑油膜的滑移及黏弹特性,研究振幅和频率对往复动态润滑弹流油膜的影响。结果表明:往复运动过程中,在特定时刻气穴的出现使油膜厚度逐渐减小,削弱了滑移程度;因润滑油的黏弹性而引起的运动滞后导致了油膜的非对称性;频率增大时,正行程末端时膜厚明显增大,油膜输送速度也随着增大;而负行程末端油膜受气穴的影响膜厚增大较慢;振幅(输入位移)增大时,正行程末端时油膜整体平移,而负行程末端入口凹陷呈现先变明显而后消失的现象。  相似文献
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为了快速动态测量树脂基复合材料内部的受力变形情况,利用光学干涉谱域相位对照B扫描方法,对存在孔洞缺陷的树脂基复合材料样件内部的离面位移场和应变场进行了测量。分别对机械载荷和热载荷作用下的复合材料样件进行了弯曲变形和热变形实验,然后对实验中得到的相位差数据进行解卷绕,计算得出了材料内部的离面位移场分布和应变场分布。实验显示:得到的结果能够清晰反映复合材料内部缺陷周围受力变形的动态过程,观测到的材料应力集中区域的位移和应变明显大于完好部分,透视得到了测量材料表层以下1mm连续深度的变形情况。该方法能够实现亚微米级的位移场测量精度,并可对材料的变形过程进行动态测量,是一种进行材料力学特性分析的有效手段。  相似文献
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An interferometric technique is applied to a temporal analysis of the far-field radiation from a near-field optical fibre probe. A balanced homodyne scheme combined with lock-in detection at dual harmonics allows one to evaluate the temporal form of weak signal pulses, even in the presence of some environmental vibrations that disturb the optical interference. The transmission properties of a small aperture are formulated theoretically. It is shown that the sub-wavelength aperture should not distort the femtosecond optical pulses temporally, which is consistent with the experimental observation.  相似文献
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The ultra-thin film interferometric method of measuring the thickness of very thin films in lubricated contacts has been refined so as to be able to measure films down to 0.3nm with a standard deviation of 0.15nm. The main remaining source of measurement variation for films below 3nm thick is the surface roughness of the contacting solids. This modified technique has been applied to study the film-forming properties of three fluids, hexadecane, a dilute solution of surfactant in hexadecane, and cyclohexane. Purified hexadecane shows a very slightly enhanced oil-film thickness below 1nm. The long-chain surfactant forms a boundary film 2nm thick. Cyclohexane behaves as though it forms a surface layer about 1nm thick with viscosity three times the bulk fluid viscosity.  相似文献
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The erosion behavior of tungsten carbide-cobalt (WC-Co) coated and uncoated polymer matrix composites (PMCs) was examined with solid particle impingement using air jets. Erosion tests were conducted with Arizona Road Dust impinging at 20°, 60°, and 90° angles at a velocity of 229 m s–1 at both 294 and 366 K. Noncontact optical profilometry was used to measure the wear volume loss. Results indicate that the WC-Co coating enhanced erosion resistance and reduced erosion wear volume loss by a factor of nearly 2. This should contribute to longer wear lives, reduced related breakdowns, decreased maintenance costs, and increased product reliability.  相似文献
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