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1.
超声波气体流量计的管道模型仿真和误差分析   总被引:6,自引:5,他引:1  
为满足不断发展的超声波气体流量计测量精度的需要,改进传感器的设计精度和有效降低安装测试及样机调试成本,针对制约超声波气体流量计测量精度主要误差源之一的管道流场分析问题,结合计算机建模数值仿真技术及实验技术对其流场设计参数以及弯管安装条件等对超声波测量误差产生原因进行定量分析.理论研究和仿真实验结果表明,可以量化分析气体超声波流量计流场误差产生的原因、范围,并通过限定流场修止系数更有效地降低其测量误差,这项研究对该超声波气体流量计的优化设计和工程应用具有一定的指导意义.  相似文献
2.
浓相气力输送水平渐扩管流动分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
王锟  段广彬  刘宗明 《流体机械》2012,40(7):7-10,6
在输送压力可达0.3MPa的高浓度流态化气力输送试验台上,以压缩空气作为输送动力,脱硫石膏粉体作为输送介质,在水平渐扩管中进行两相流试验。分别从输送能力,固体速度,压降变化等方面进行流动分析和探讨。通过试验研究,得到系统输送能力和固体速度的变化规律以及固气比、渐扩管管径比和扩散角对渐扩管压降的影响规律。在基于大量试验数据的基础上,采用量纲分析和多元线性回归分析等方法得到渐扩管阻力特性方程,误差分析表明该拟合公式具有较高的准确性。  相似文献
3.
The flow downstream of three conditioners, a tube bundle and two perforated plates, is investigated experimentally by means of particle image velocimetry and hot wire anemometry for Reynolds numbers of the order 105. The conditioners are exposed to the flow disturbed by two different installations: a 90° single bend and a 2×90° out-of-plane double bend. Velocity profiles, turbulent fluctuations and Reynolds‘ stress are measured. The jets issuing from the holes and tubes of the conditioners are visualised in the near field which extends up to approximately four pipe diameters downstream of the conditioners. The disturbance imposed on the flow by the conditioners disappears at this position, while the decay of the disturbance caused by the installations takes place in the far field. The decay rate in the far field depends on the specific installation. It is found that this decay is more rapid for the double bend. While the velocity profiles match the profile for fully developed flow approximately at a position of 25 diameters downstream of the conditioners, the turbulent equilibrium state is not even reached at 50 diameters. The results also show that the perforated plates have a higher efficiency than the tube bundle in conditioning the disturbed flow.  相似文献
4.
Orifice meters are a type of differential pressure flow meter widely used in industry and their behaviour is very well understood. The standard discharge coefficient can only be used if the flow approaching the meter is perfectly settled and fully developed. Thus the installation of these meters is subject to many constraints. Normally the required flow regime is established by the use of a combination of a flow conditioner and a settling length.

This paper describes the initial work carried out to show the concept of an orifice meter whose performance is independent of the inlet conditions by the introduction of a standard swirl before the meter. These results show that a swirler renders the measurements independent of the influence of upstream disturbance. This is for both a partial blockage in the pipe and also upstream swirl, and is likely to be universal.

A proposal for a new calibration equation is also made for the particular swirler employed. However, more data need to be acquired over a wide range of geometries, flow and operating conditions.  相似文献

5.
In a great number of measurements the influence of a disturbed flow on the flow coefficient of a standard orifice plate was investigated. Single bends and double bends out of plane with and without spacer tubes were used as typical disturbances. Experiments were also performed using a combination with a star-shaped flow straightener. The necessary correction factors of the flow coefficient were determined for upstream straight length shorter than detailed in ISO 5167. The flow velocity profiles produced by the disturbances were examined and on this basis profile numbers were calculated. The examinations presented here show that the existing standard should be revised as regards the definition of the fully developed turbulent flow profile and the selection of the required upstream straight lengths.  相似文献
6.
Installation effects were considered with the help of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The information obtained by numerical simulation was much more extensive than in experimental data investigations. Using standard turbulence models, reasonable agreement with experimental data was achieved. The use of advanced turbulence models improves the agreement drastically but needs far more computer resources. Visualization of calculated flows was performed with the aid of an advanced graphic system. The assessment of the validation procedure was found to be dependent on various aspects which are discussed in detail. The influence of flow disturbances on various ultrasonic flow meters was numerically investigated.  相似文献
7.
The flow downstream of three different flow conditioners, a tube bundle and two perforated plates, was investigated by measuring the time-averaged, axial velocity component with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The conditioners were exposed to the flow disturbed by a 90° out-of-plane double-bend. The experiments were performed with air flow through a pipeline of 100 mm i.d. and at Reynolds numbers between 100 000 and 200 000. The axial development of the velocity profiles, without and with conditioner, is documented, and the performance of the three devices in conditioning the disturbed flow can be compared. Particular attention is given to the determination of time-averaged velocity values by means of PIV.  相似文献
8.
在水平T形分支管道中,用压缩空气作为输送气体,对不同粒径的砂石进行气力输送试验。分别通过试验和改进型BP神经网络预测两种方法对表观气速和分支管路流量控制阀开度变化时,固相在分支管路中的分配特性进行了研究。结果表明,随着表观气速减小和两分支管路流量控制阀开度差值变大,固相流量在两分支管中的分配产生较大差异。试验值和改进型BP网络预测值的对比结果表明,二者相互吻合较好,说明采用改进型的BP网络来模拟固相在分支管路中的分配特性适应性较好。  相似文献
9.
采用混合法配制了铜纳米粒子质量分数分别为1%和2%的铜-水纳米流体,通过添加相同质量分数的十二烷基苯磺酸钠分散剂并施加超声振动,使纳米流体的粒子稳定悬浮时间达30~40h。实验研究了所配制的纳米流体在压力驱动下流经直径分别为25μm和50μm的不同长度微圆管道的流动特性,并与蒸馏水流动特性及理论估算值进行了对比,发现纳米流体流量-压力特性基本呈线性关系,与理论估算值存在一定偏差,这主要是由尺度效应等所致。  相似文献
10.
在水平T形分支管道中,用压缩空气作为输送气体,对不同粒径的砂石进行气力输送试验。分别通过试验和改进型BP神经网络预测两种方法对表观气速和分支管路流量控制阀开度变化时,固相在分支管路中的分配特性进行了研究。结果表明,随着表观气速减小和两分支管路流量控制阀开度差值变大,固相流量在两分支管中的分配产生较大差异。试验值和改进型BP网络预测值的对比结果表明,二者相互吻合较好,说明采用改进型的BP网络来模拟固相在分支管路中的分配特性适应性较好。  相似文献
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