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Variations in offset print quality relate to numerous parameters of printing press and paper. To maintain a constant high print quality press operators need to assess, explore and monitor quality of prints. Today assessment is mainly done manually. This paper presents a novel system for assessing and predicting values of print quality attributes, where the adopted, random forests (RFs)-based, modeling approach also allows quantifying the influence of different paper and press parameters on print quality. In contrast to other print quality assessment systems the proposed system utilises common, simple print marks known as double grey-bars. Novel virtual sensors assessing print quality attributes using images of double grey-bars are presented. The inferred influence of paper and printing press parameters on quality of colour prints shows clear relation with known print quality conditions. Thorough analysis and categorisation of related work is also given in the paper.  相似文献
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针对利用分类器对建筑结构进行损伤识别的问题,引入一种新的组合分类器算法——随机森林,提出基于小波包分解和随机森林的结构损伤识别方法。首先,采用小波包对结构在不同损伤程度和位置上的振动加速度信号进行分解,得到各个频带上的总能量;然后,利用各频带上能量值存在着差异性作为输入到分类器的特征向量;最后,训练随机森林模型并对建筑结构的损伤位置和损伤程度进行识别。应用该方法对一座8层剪切型钢框架结构进行损伤判别,并与BP神经网络和支持向量机方法进行对比,结果表明该方法具有较好的识别精度与稳定性。  相似文献
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为解决不可识别故障诊断中无法有效定位的问题,提出一种基于改进随机森林的故障诊断方法.该方法通过改进决策树的bagging方式,采用条件概率指数进行决策树的无偏节点分裂,并以权重投票法综合决策树的分类结果.在此基础上,利用变量重要性测量来获取辅助故障定位的故障原型指数,从而较好地弥补了随机森林和传统机器学习在故障诊断中的不足和局限性.最后在一个标准数据集和田纳西一伊斯曼故障诊断的问题上进行验证,结果证明了该方法的有效性与可行性.  相似文献
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This paper investigates the possibilities of applying the random forests algorithm (RF) in machine fault diagnosis, and proposes a hybrid method combined with genetic algorithm to improve the classification accuracy. The proposed method is based on RF, a novel ensemble classifier which builds a number of decision trees to improve the single tree classifier. Although there are several existing techniques for faults diagnosis, the application research on RF is meaningful and necessary because of its fast execution speed, the characteristics of tree classifier, and high performance in machine faults diagnosis. The proposed method is demonstrated by a case study on induction motor fault diagnosis. Experimental results indicate the validity and reliability of RF-based diagnosis method.  相似文献
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提出了基于在线随机森林投票识别人物动作类别的方法.建立了在线随机森林投票模型.通过在线训练和在线检测两部分进行了算法研究,提高了检测人物动作类别的准确率.基于人物动作在时间和空间上有重要信息,该方法首先通过提取图像立体块的lab色彩空间值、一阶差分、二阶差分以及大位移光流特征值在线训练随机森林;训练结束后,形成强分类器,利用分类器对检测图像进行投票,生成动作空间图;最后,在动作空间图中寻求最大值,判断检测图像的动作类别.验证结果表明在低分辨的视频图像中,本方法能够确定人物的动作类别,对Weizmann数据库和KTH数据库的识别率分别为97.3%和89.5%,对UCF sports数据库的识别率为79.2%,动作识别准确率有所提高.该方法增加了光流能量场特征表述,将原始投票理论拓展至三维空间,并且采用向下采样的方式更新结点信息,能够判断人物动作类别,为智能视频技术提供了有效的补充信息.  相似文献
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Gesture recognition is used in many practical applications such as human-robot interaction, medical rehabilitation and sign language. With increasing motion sensor development, multiple data sources ha...  相似文献
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In this paper, we have presented a new computer‐aided technique for automatic detection of nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) or normoblast cell from peripheral blood smear image. The proposed methodology initiates with the localization of the nucleated cells by adopting multilevel thresholding approach in smear images. A novel colour space transformation technique has been introduced to differentiate nucleated blood cells [white blood cells (WBCs) and NRBC] from red blood cells (RBCs) by enhancing the contrast between them. Subsequently, special fuzzy c‐means (SFCM) clustering algorithm is applied on enhanced image to segment out the nucleated cell. Finally, nucleated RBC and WBC are discriminated by the random forest tree classifier based on first‐order statistical‐based features. Experimentally, we observed that the proposed technique achieved 99.42% accuracy in automatic detection of NRBC from blood smear images. Further, the technique could be used to assist the clinicians to diagnose a different anaemic condition.  相似文献
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Imprint cytology (IC) refers to one of the most reliable, rapid and affordable techniques for breast malignancy screening; where shape variation of H&E stained nucleus is examined by the pathologists. This work aims at developing an automated and efficient segmentation algorithm by integrating Lagrange's interpolation and superpixels in order to delineate overlapped nuclei of breast cells (normal and malignant). Subsequently, a computer assisted IC tool has been designed for breast cancer (BC) screening. The proposed methodology consists of mainly three subsections: gamma correction for preprocessing, single nuclei segmentation and segmentation of overlapping nuclei. Single nuclei segmentation combines histogram‐based thresholding and morphological operations; where segmentation of overlapping nuclei includes concave point detection, Lagrange's interpolation for overlapping arc area detection and the fine segmentation of overlapped arc area by superpixels. Total 16 significant features (p < 0.05) quantifying shape and texture of nucleus were extracted, and random forest (RF) classifier was skilled for automated screening. The proposed methodology has been tested on 120 IC images (approximately 12 000 nuclei); where 98% segmentation accuracy and 99% classification accuracy were achieved. Besides, performance evaluation was studied by using Jaccard's index (= 94%), correlation coefficient (= 95%), Dice similarity coefficient (= 97%) and Hausdorff distance (= 43%). The proposed approach could offer benefit to the pathologists for confirmatory BC screening with improved accuracy and could potentially lead to a better shape understanding of malignant nuclei.  相似文献
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