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荷兰城市空间组织与规划实践评析   总被引:10,自引:1,他引:9  
荷兰是一个高度城市化的国家,并具有悠久的土地规划、区域规划和城市规划的历史传统。荷兰规划师根据荷兰特有的自然地理特征和城市形成发展的规律,半个世纪以来试行的是一种“分散化的集中型”城市发展模式,并制定了一系列城市及区域发展政策,积累了许多宝贵的经验。本文介绍了荷兰50年来城市发展和规划建设的历程,以期对我国的规划实践活动有所启示。  相似文献
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荷兰土地整理与乡村景观规划   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
张晋石 《中国园林》2006,22(5):66-71
荷兰的乡村景观规划与土地整理过程紧密相连,从荷兰土地整理项目的发展趋势来看,其重心是从单纯的以调整农业为目的演化为乡村地区更加有效的土地多重利用;而与此对应,荷兰的乡村景观规划也逐渐从为农业生产等经济因素服务,发展为注重有效的土地利用与景观品质、生态进程的保护和发展相结合.  相似文献
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Infrastructure, ecology and art   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
In keeping with the ‘industrial ecology’ metaphor, roads and railways should be regarded as forming an ecosystem with their surroundings, just like industrial systems (factory premises, manufacturing industries) that have had to start functioning as ecosystems in which the flow of energy, water, raw materials and waste products has been made to recycle as far as possible. In this type of system approach, the flow of material, transport, emissions and energy and the habitats of plants and animals are geographically, systematically and functionally integrated, especially when they are based on a greater degree of interweaving between man and nature than is currently the case. In short, a new way of looking at the meaning of ecology in relation to the physical infrastructure.In the article, examples are given about the practical implication of linking ecological patterns and processes within the design process of civil engineering object, as well as the possible art’s contribution in forming infrastructural landscapes.  相似文献
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In Dutch urban renewal, we observe an implementation gap between dreaming and doing. Dutch national government recently proposed to focus urban renewal on more than 50 priority areas in the cities and to reduce urban renewal subsidies. It is not very likely that this policy will accelerate urban renewal. This contribution suggests a different approach: the formulation of an urban district vision shared by the sustainable stakeholders in those districts. If they can come to an agreement, they deserve housing association finance and public urban renewal support. By targeting the plans primarily on the social climbers in the urban districts involved, the city can keep their buying power within the city. Combining physical, social, economic and safety agendas and adopting a multi-functional orientation would seem to be a successful strategy.  相似文献
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荷兰开放空间系统性规划思想及启示   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
王佐 《规划师》2008,24(11):90-93
荷兰的城市开放空间规划采用整体性和系统性的规划思想,遵循环境保护和可持续发展的原则,采取生态隔离带、连接体系和以水为先导的城市开放空间建设等措施,将开放空间生态系统有机地融于城市规划中,注重开放空间的系统化、网络化建设和生态性建设,有助于实现城市开放空间环境的优化与可持续发展,这些经验值得我国借鉴。  相似文献
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The policy document What people want, wherepeople live outlines Dutch housing policy forthe coming decade, and gives a glimpse of theyears beyond. The policy document paints a broadbrush picture of the social, economic and administrativedevelopments in recent years. It is recognisedthat five core policy tasks are important toDutch housing policy in the years ahead:increasing the options for the citizens whilegiving due regard to social constraints,creating opportunities for people in vulnerablesituations, housing combined with tailor-madecare, improving the quality of urban life andmeeting the desire for a greener residentialenvironment. The policy document presents an administrativemodel for meeting these challenges. The role ofthe housing associations is also addressed.  相似文献
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In December 2000 the final version of the Dutch Housing Memorandum Whatpeople want, where people live was published, covering the period2000–2010. An increasing prosperity is expected, in combinationwith an increasing individualization, emancipation and multiculturalprofile of society. More individual freedom of choice for the citizen isthe point of departure in the new Housing Memorandum. Although thispolicy message is clear and attractive, the Memorandum leaves the readerpuzzled. In this contribution, three dilemmas are highlighted: Does thecitizen really choose or is it the State which makes the choices, inparticular between buying or renting? Are housing associations able toserve a differentiated mix of tenants, or will the residents of socialhousing become marginalized? What will be the place of the municipalityand the State: on the sidelines of the new housing policy, or in thecentre? The Housing Memorandum seems to be a direct attack on thehousing associations. On the other hand, the Memorandum may just be apaper tiger, challenging the housing associations to show that they canreally meet the citizens' needs and demands for more quality andvariety.  相似文献
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