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1.
1990年代以来我国小城镇研究综述   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
在收集和整理1990年以来国内有关小城镇研究的期刊及相关文章基础上,对1990年代以来我国小城镇研究进行回顾.指出我国学者传统的研究集中在小城镇发展研究,小城镇规划和建设研究,小城镇经济研究上.同时对近年来涌现的从产业聚集理论、区位理论、空间结构理论、产业聚集理论、路径依赖理论等角度研究小城镇的发展进行论述,并指出我国小城镇研究中存在的问题.  相似文献
2.
城乡建设用地转型研究综述   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
新型城镇化进程中的城乡建设用地可持续利用与管理是社会各界关注的热点问题.从土地利用转型视角将城乡建设用地作为一个整体探索其综合研究途径,合理评判区域城乡建设用地利用形态的时空变化,探寻其与经济社会发展之间的耦合关系、互馈机理与动力机制,成为亟待深入探索的重要科学问题.本文从土地利用转型的研究视角、城乡建设用地转型的主要研究内容与方法等方面系统总结了近年来城乡建设用地转型的研究进展,认为已有研究呈现出了研究视角多元化、研究内容广泛化、研究方法实证化的基本特征.最后提出了进一步研究的建议:将城乡建设用地作为一个整体开展多种分析尺度下的转型过程及其与经济社会发展耦合关系的综合性研究.  相似文献
3.
In recent years, we have witnessed an increased interest in the research on projects and project management. The aim of this article is to review, classify and analyze the recent contributions within the field. This paper is based on two sets of data: (1) project-related research published in major management and organization scientific journals, and (2) articles published between 1993 and 2002 in the International Journal of Project Management. The article offers a framework suitable for analyzing the developments made and the different perspectives launched. It is submitted that “project research” instead of project management research might be a better concept for capturing the current state of the field. We also show that papers in the International Journal of Project Management have devoted little attention to research on contexts of multi-projects and multi-firms, a context that is considered to be of great importance for the future of project studies. The recent developments illustrate the need to better integrate project management with the general developments in management and organization. Of special importance, we conclude, is the one that we label project ecologies. We also believe that this concept, and research focus, might be of value for practitioners as it describes the way many modern industries work. The paper contributes to the internal debate about the content and identity of project research.  相似文献
4.
国外海滨度假地形态模型研究评介   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
刘俊  保继刚 《规划师》2007,23(3):92-96
度假地形态学关注度假地的土地利用、建筑形态及目的地具有的相关功能,是西方地理学者研究海滨度假地的重要内容之一.20世纪30年代以来,国外学者对海滨度假地形态进行研究,并取得了英国传统海滨度假地形态模型、海滨度假地形态演化模型和综合型海滨度假区形态模型等主要理论成果.这些理论成果揭示了海滨度假地土地存在级差地租,度假地规划开发须遵循一定的形态规律,政府应以规划控制者的角色介入海滨度假地开发,否则很可能出现海滨度假地城市化.综合型度假区除了做好区内土地规划控制外,还需要对包括度假区核心在内的整体用地进行综合性规划和管理.  相似文献
5.
Recognizing the growing importance of scientific benchmarking in water distribution, we provide a comprehensive survey of the available literature. We begin with a discussion about the (limited) use of benchmarking in the regulation of UK water utilities, and then extend the analysis to regulated water sectors in other countries. We find no clear impact of public or private ownership; instead, the institutional settings appear to be a dominant driver of efficiency. Quality and structural variables are significant parameters; and water losses and population density are also important drivers. Analysis reveals that economies of scale only exist in fragmented water industries, whereas economies of density are omnipresent. We find evidence suggesting important economies of scope (e.g. between water and sewerage). Finally, we summarize the tensions that exist in attempting to measure efficiency in the water industry and draw conclusions about how to improve efficiency analysis in the future.  相似文献
6.
“收缩城市”研究的国际进展与启示   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
近年来,伴随着新的全球经济环境的出现,"收缩城市"(shrinking cities)现象在世界范围内的发生愈发普遍,对其关注也日益增多。在我国,随着"新常态"时期到来,经济增长速度放缓与结构优化进程不断推进,加上人口增长速度放缓与人口结构老龄化,收缩城市现象的发生也越来越普遍,然而,目前学术界和业界对其关注尚颇为欠缺。为此,本文依托已有文献与研究,系统阐释收缩城市的含义,围绕国际上关于收缩城市的议题,对这一领域的研究进展进行系统评述。在此基础上,对我国未来的收缩城市研究提出建议和展望,呼吁学界加大对收缩城市的研究与关注。  相似文献
7.
This paper reviews the literature of construction risk modelling and assessment. It also reviews the real practice of risk assessment. The review resulted in significant results, summarised as follows. There has been a major shift in risk perception from an estimation variance into a project attribute. Although the Probability–Impact risk model is prevailing, substantial efforts are being put to improving it reflecting the increasing complexity of construction projects. The literature lacks a comprehensive assessment approach capable of capturing risk impact on different project objectives. Obtaining a realistic project risk level demands an effective mechanism for aggregating individual risk assessments. The various assessment tools suffer from low take-up; professionals typically rely on their experience. It is concluded that a simple analytical tool that uses risk cost as a common scale and utilises professional experience could be a viable option to facilitate closing the gap between theory and practice of risk assessment.  相似文献
8.
This study identifies the organizational enablers for governance in the realm of projects. We first conceptualize organizational enablers as comprising of process facilitators and discursive abilities, each with its own factors and mechanisms. Then we apply this concept to the literature on project governance, governance of projects and governmentality. Outcomes indicate that governance is enabled through different forms of flexibility at different levels of governance, institutional setup and authority at the project level, flexible structures and mindsets of people at the organizational level, and through development of self-responsible, self-organizing people for governmentality in project settings. Questions for future research are indicated.  相似文献
9.
In this paper, we consider software development project success and failure from the supplier's perspective. First we clarified concepts in order to be able to exclude review articles on in-house projects, continuous services, the customer's perspective, and software product development, with the aim of providing valid results for supplier firms. We divided success criteria into project success and project management (PM) success, and, in seven articles, identified three success criteria from the supplier's perspective: customer satisfaction, short-term business benefits, and long-term business benefits. In contrast, no definition of software development project failure was found. Articles were found in seven different journals, showing that knowledge on software development project success from the supplier's perspective is fragmented. This impedes the growth of knowledge on this topic.  相似文献
10.
梳理国内外房地产批量评估中市场评估途径下的自动评估模型理论研究,重点总结批量评估的起源、国外对自动评估模型的研究、国内自动评估模型的理论研究现状等。研究发现,国外对房地产批量评估的研究起步较早,在房地产价值影响因素确定、建模技巧等方面对我国相关研究有一定的借鉴意义。国内在房地产自动评估模型的研究上需要细化和提高。  相似文献
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