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1.
果寡糖对肥育猪生长及肠道菌群等的影响   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
本试验研究了饲粮中添加果寡糖对"杜长加”肥育猪生长及肠道菌群和消化酶活性的影响.与对照组相比,肥育猪日粮中添加0.50%和0.75%果寡糖使日增重分别提高了9.67%(P<0.01)和10.67%(P<0.01),使料重比分别降低了8.19%(P<0.01)和7.60%(P<0.05);添加0.50%和0.75%果寡糖使结肠中双歧杆菌、乳酸杆菌数分别增加了299.49%(P<0.01)和314.81%(P<0.01),97.40%(P<0.05)和141.67%(P<0.05),并使结肠内容物pH值分别降低了0.50(P<0.05)和0.90个单位(P<0.01).添加果寡糖使结肠中大肠杆菌数、梭菌数下降,十二指肠内容物中总蛋白水解酶、胰蛋白酶、淀粉酶活性提高,果寡糖对胰脏中消化酶活性的影响不显著.  相似文献
2.
益生素及其应用   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
益生素与健康的关系在本世纪逐步为人们所认识和了解。随着科学技术的发展和人们生活水平的提高,肠内微生物群落及其与长寿和抵抗疾病的关系正逐步为人们所关注和研究。文中介绍了目前用作人类益生素制剂及其营养与疗效,并对益生素的未来应用作了展望。可以预见:益生素在食品工业和制药业等行业中将起着越来越重要的作用。  相似文献
3.
Septic complications represent frequent causes of morbidity in liver diseases and following hepatic operations. Most infections are caused by the individual own intestinal microflora. The intestinal microflora composition is important in physiological and pathophysiological processes in the human gastrointestinal tract, but their influence on liver in different situations is unclear. We therefore studied the effect of different Lactobacillus strains and a Bifidobacterium strain on the extent of liver injury, bacterial translocation and intestinal microflora in an acute liver injury model.

Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into five groups: acute liver injury control, acute liver injury+B. animalis NM2, acute liver injury+L. acidophilus NM1, acute liver injury+L. rhamnosus ATCC 53103, and acute liver injury+L. rhamnosus DSM 6594 and L. plantarum DSM 9843. The bacteria were administered rectally daily for 8 days. Liver injury was induced on the 8th day by intraperitoneal injection of -galactosamine (1.1 g/kg BW). Samples were collected 24 h after the liver injury. Liver enzymes and bilirubin serum levels, bacterial translocation (to arterial and portal blood, liver and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs)), and intestinal microflora were evaluated.

L. acidophilus NM1; L. rhamnosus ATCC 53103, and L. rhamnosus DSM 6594+L. plantarum DSM 9843 decreased bacterial translocation compared to the liver injury control group. B. animalis NM2 increased bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph nodes. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) were significantly lower in the L. acidophilus, L. rhamnosus ATCC 53103, L. rhamnosus DSM 6594+L. plantarum DSM 9843 groups compared to the liver injury group. The L. rhamnosus and L. rhamnosus+L. plantarum groups significantly reduced ALAT levels compared to the B. animalis group. All administered bacteria decreased the Enterobacteriaceae count in the cecum and colon.

Administration of different lactobacilli and a Bifidobacterium strain in an acute liver injury rat model, has shown different effects on bacterial translocation and hepatocellular damage. L. acidophilus, L. rhamnosus, and L. rhamnosus+L. plantarum reduced bacterial translocation and hepatocellular damage. B. animalis NM2 increased bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph nodes and did not affect hepatocellular damage.  相似文献

4.
植物乳杆菌ST-Ⅲ对小鼠肠道菌群的调节   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
以小鼠粪便中的双歧杆菌、乳杆菌、肠杆菌、肠球菌、产气荚膜梭菌数量为检测指标,比较了灌胃含有植物乳杆菌ST-Ⅲ活菌量6×107,6×108,6×109mL-1的脱脂奶液对小鼠肠道菌群的影响。结果表明,植物乳杆菌ST-Ⅲ对小鼠肠道菌群具有一定的调节效果,有效剂量为6×108mL-1。灌胃108mL-1活菌15d,停止灌胃3~5d后仍具有显著效果,5~7d后各项指标菌的量回复到灌胃前水平。  相似文献
5.
益生菌和肠道粘膜免疫关系的研究进展   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
王友湘  陈庆森 《食品科学》2007,28(8):537-542
益生菌作为一种活的有机体能够在肠道内定植,维持肠道菌群平衡,能够刺激肠道免疫组织产生免疫球蛋白、细胞因子,促进淋巴细胞的分化,对肠道粘膜免疫具有重要的影响。本文结合最近国内外的研究状况对益生菌和肠粘膜免疫之间的关系作一下介绍,并提出了益生菌和肠道免疫方面在我国应开展的研究工作。  相似文献
6.
不同膳食纤维均可被肠道微生物发酵利用产生短链脂肪酸(SCFA),SCFA对人体的健康有重要作用。以果胶、抗性淀粉、低聚果糖以及纤维素4种不溶性膳食纤维中的任意3种,按照一定比例复合并添加于小鼠饲料中。经6周喂养后解剖收集小鼠肠道内容物并用气相色谱测定SCFA的种类及含量,以确定产生SCFA不同膳食纤维的最优组合。结果显示:对于雌性小鼠,果胶、抗性淀粉、纤维素3种膳食纤维各以2%比例复合的饲料效果最好;对于雄性小鼠,效果最好的是果胶、低聚果糖、纤维素3种膳食纤维各以2%比例复合的饲料。  相似文献
7.
提取鼠肠道内微生物基因组DNA的方法研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
通过改进鼠肠道微生物基因组DNA提取方法以期更全面地反映鼠肠道茵群的真实情况.采用CTAB和SDS结合的方法裂解细胞,同时改进了传统的酚/氯仿抽提方法,提取全过程控制在2 h以内.通过紫外分光光度计,细菌通用引物PCR,总菌群实时定量PCR,变性梯度凝胶电泳(DGGE)对改进方法及两种试剂盒法提取DNA的结果进行比较,评价了所建立的高效提取方法.与试剂盒相比,改进的方法DNA得率较高,简便快速,成本低廉.同时后续的PCR鉴定及DGGE菌群多样性分析显示,改进的方法可以更好地揭示鼠肠道菌群分布和特性.  相似文献
8.
Septic complications represent frequent causes of morbidity in liver diseases and following hepatic operations. Most infections are caused by the individual own intestinal microflora. The intestinal microflora composition is important in physiological and pathophysiological processes in the human gastrointestinal tract, but their influence on liver in different situations is unclear. We therefore studied the effect of different Lactobacillus strains and a Bifidobacterium strain on the extent of liver injury, bacterial translocation and intestinal microflora in an acute liver injury model.Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into five groups: acute liver injury control, acute liver injury+B. animalis NM2, acute liver injury+L. acidophilus NM1, acute liver injury+L. rhamnosus ATCC 53103, and acute liver injury+L. rhamnosus DSM 6594 and L. plantarum DSM 9843. The bacteria were administered rectally daily for 8 days. Liver injury was induced on the 8th day by intraperitoneal injection of -galactosamine (1.1 g/kg BW). Samples were collected 24 h after the liver injury. Liver enzymes and bilirubin serum levels, bacterial translocation (to arterial and portal blood, liver and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs)), and intestinal microflora were evaluated.L. acidophilus NM1; L. rhamnosus ATCC 53103, and L. rhamnosus DSM 6594+L. plantarum DSM 9843 decreased bacterial translocation compared to the liver injury control group. B. animalis NM2 increased bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph nodes. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) were significantly lower in the L. acidophilus, L. rhamnosus ATCC 53103, L. rhamnosus DSM 6594+L. plantarum DSM 9843 groups compared to the liver injury group. The L. rhamnosus and L. rhamnosus+L. plantarum groups significantly reduced ALAT levels compared to the B. animalis group. All administered bacteria decreased the Enterobacteriaceae count in the cecum and colon.Administration of different lactobacilli and a Bifidobacterium strain in an acute liver injury rat model, has shown different effects on bacterial translocation and hepatocellular damage. L. acidophilus, L. rhamnosus, and L. rhamnosus+L. plantarum reduced bacterial translocation and hepatocellular damage. B. animalis NM2 increased bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph nodes and did not affect hepatocellular damage.  相似文献
9.
Cheng-Chin  Hsu  Yi-Chia  Huang  Mei-Chin  Yin  Shyh-Jye  Lin 《Journal of food science》2006,71(7):S513-S516
ABSTRACT:  Effects of Chinese yam ( Dioscorea alata) and Japanese yam ( Dioscorea japonica ) on gastrointestinal functions including intestinal microflora and intestinal enzymes' activities, as well as antioxidant protection against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced oxidative damage, in Balb/cA mice were examined. In part I, mice were fed yam-supplemented diet for 4 or 8 wk, and killed with carbon dioxide. In part II, mice were fed yam-supplemented diet for 4 wk, and followed by intraperitoneal LPS treatment (i.p. 4 mg/kg bodyweight). The intake of Chinese yam and Japanese yam significantly changed intestinal microflora, in which the colony numbers of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus were increased and the colony numbers of Clostridium perfringens were decreased ( P < 0.05). The intake of both Chinese and Japanese yams also significantly elevated the activity of leucine aminopeptidase and lipase ( P < 0.05), and the activities of sucrase and maltase were increased only in 20% yam-treated groups ( P < 0.05). The preintake of yam significantly alleviated subsequent LPS-induced oxidative injury by decreasing lipid oxidation level and fibronectin production and elevating superoxide dismutase activity ( P < 0.05). Both Chinese and Japanese yams contained dietary fibers, polyphenols, and flavonoids, which may contribute to the observed gastrointestinal function and antioxidant protection. These results suggest that both Chinese yam and Japanese yam were beneficial for intestinal health and oxidation prevention.  相似文献
10.
研究柚皮中提取的膳食纤维对去势雌性大鼠肠道发酵的影响.将40只SD成年雌鼠随机分为5组,4组大鼠做双侧卵巢切除手术,一周后分为空白组、柚皮原料组、柚皮可溶性膳食纤维组和柚皮不溶性膳食纤维组;用伪切除同龄大鼠作对照(Sham组).喂养4周后解剖,测定各组体重、盲肠组织重量、盲肠内容物中游离氨、短链脂肪酸以及微生物的数量等指标.结果显示,饲料中添加柚皮原料、柚皮可溶性膳食纤维和柚皮不溶性膳食纤维均能显著增加去势雌性大鼠短链脂肪酸含量和盲肠面积(p<0.05)、降低盲肠内容物pH和游离氨的含量以及增加肠道内有益菌的数量并抑制有害菌生长.柚皮膳食纤维能够明显促进去势雌性大鼠肠道发酵作用,改善肠道环境.  相似文献
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