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排序方式: 共有33条查询结果,搜索用时 78 毫秒
1.
两种不同粒径石英砂中非达西流动的实验研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
在水力梯度较大的多孔介质中,水流往往呈现非达西现象.为分析不同粒径介质中非达西流发生的条件,本文对粒径为0.5~0.63mm和0.63~1.25mm两种石英砂,分别开展了一维均质土柱渗流实验,并应用水力阻抗和临界雷诺数判别渗流过程的非达西现象.研究结果表明,随着渗透流速增大,水力梯度和渗透流速之间的线性关系将发生偏移,且Forchheimer方程和Izbash方程均能够很好地描述非达西渗流阶段的水流运动过程.此时,水力梯度中以黏性力和惯性力消耗能量为主导的渗透流速线性项和非线性项均逐渐增大,同时非线性项占水力梯度的相对比重随流速的增大而不断增大.两种石英砂出现非达西流时,其非线性项占水力梯度的40%~50%,相应的临界雷诺数分别为22~27和52~104.非达西流出现的临界雷诺数随介质粒径的增大而增大.  相似文献
2.
The two-dimensional free-surface waves due to a point force steadily moving beneath the capillary surface of an incompressible viscous fluid of infinite depth were analytically investigated. The unsteady Oseen equations were taken as the governing equations for the viscous flows. The kinematic and dynamic conditions including the combined effects of surface tension and viscosity were linearized for small-amplitude waves on the free-surface. The point force is modeled as an impulsive Oseenlet. The complex dispersion relation for the capillary-gravity waves shows that the wave patterns are characterized by the Weber number and the Reynolds number. The asymptotic expansions for the wave profiles were explicitly derived by means of Lighthill’s theorem for the Fourier transform of a function with a finite number of singularities. Furthermore, it is found that the unsteady wave system consists of four families, that is, the steady-state gravity wave, the steady-state capillary wave, the transient gravity wave, and the transient capillary wave. The effect of viscosity on the capillary-gravity was analytically expressed.  相似文献
3.
坡面流阻力研究进展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
主要从坡面流流态对坡面流阻力的影响、坡面流阻力与雷诺数的关系、降雨对坡面流阻力的影响、坡面流阻力公式4个方面对前人关于坡面流阻力的研究成果进行了总结。结果表明:坡面流流态的不确定性导致了坡面流阻力变化更为复杂;坡面流阻力与雷诺数之间并无良好单一的相关关系;降雨对坡面流阻力有很大的影响作用但具体影响机理并未有明确的结论;坡面流阻力公式表征仍用明渠水流概念及表达方式,并且3个阻力系数n、f、C哪个更适合表征坡面流阻力尚无统一的结论。进而对目前存在的问题进行了分析,对今后的发展进行了展望,认为需在研究方法和实验设备及量测技术方面有所突破,才可以更好的对坡面流阻力进行全面系统的研究。  相似文献
4.
对不同流态及流区明渠水流阻力系数的计算公式进行总结.考虑到指数型表达式在进行数学推导及应用时较其他形式更为方便,基于该形式并结合尼古拉兹管流试验资料,推导了各流态及流区明渠阻力系数的具体表达式且得到实测资料的验证.推导过程中,借助明渠当量直径实现管流与明渠阻力系数的相互转换,并依据各流区水流特征的不同,对Christoffersen和Jonson提出的糙率高度公式作了不同简化.将所得阻力系数公式应用于河流及海洋近岸水流挟沙力的计算中,结果表明实测值与计算值相吻合,且所有流区阻力系数表达式形式的统一有利于水流挟沙力计算的简便.  相似文献
5.
该文通过二维流体力学基本方程组的数值模拟,研究了水平来流和周期性加热对腔体内流体的运动和动力学特性的影响.当相对瑞利数r=9时,随着水平来流雷诺数Re逐渐增加,腔体内的流体发生三种不同的运动,即局部对流运动、局部行波运动和水平流运动.对局部行波运动的周期Tp进行研究,局部行波运动的稳定周期随水平来流雷诺数的增大而减小,随相对瑞利数的减小而减小;相对瑞利数越小,稳定周期随水平来流雷诺数变化的增长率越大.局部行波运动的区间ARe依赖水平来流雷诺数的强度,当水平来流雷诺数Re大于⊿Re的上限时流体为水平流运动,而当水平来流雷诺数Re小于ARe的下限时流体为局部对流运动;对于不同的相对瑞利数r,局部行波运动的区间ARe是不同的.随着水平来流雷诺数增大,发现腔体内上游行波区域对流圈的减少速度比下游行波区域更快.  相似文献
6.
A large eddy simulation of cross-flow around a sinusoidal wavy cylinder at Re=3000 was performed and the load cell measurement was introduced for the validation test. The mean flow field and the near wake flow structures were presented and compared with those for a circular cylinder at the same Reynolds number. The mean drag coefficient for the wavy cylinder is smaller than that for a corresponding circular cylinder due to the formation of a longer wake vortex generated by the wavy cylinder. The fluctuating lift coefficient of the wavy cylinder is also greatly reduced. This kind of wavy surface leads to the formation of 3-D free shear layers which are more stable than purely 2-D free shear layers. Such free shear layers only roll up into mature vortices at further downstream position and significantly modify the near wake structures and the pressure distributions around the wavy cylinder. Moreover, the simulations in laminar flow condition were also performed to investigate the effect of Reynolds number on force reduction control.  相似文献
7.
L.P. Xia  K.M. Lam   《Journal of Hydro》2009,3(1):21-34
Velocity and concentration fields are measured in submerged round jets in a stagnant environment and in coflow using laser Doppler anemometry and laser-induced fluorescence. Measurements are made in the initial region within distances of 40 jet exit diameter at jet Reynolds number between 1000 and 5000 and coflow-to-jet velocity ratio from 0 to 0.43. Different behaviors of jet spreading and dilution are found in jets at three different ranges of Reynolds number in which the jets are classified as initially laminar, transitional or turbulent. In the zone of established flow, the jet centerline velocity and concentration decay with downstream distance at different rates in the three groups of jets. For jets in coflow, axial development of normalized forms of centerline mean excess velocity and mean concentration at different velocity ratios can be reasonably well collapsed onto universal trends through the use of momentum length scale. Turbulence properties inside a jet are increased by the presence of a strong coflow. Inside the zone of flow establishment, some strange features are observed on jet turbulence properties. The length of zone of flow establishment increases from the turbulent jets, to the transition jets and to the laminar jets. The zone lengths for concentration are shorter than those for velocity by one to two jet exit diameters. Both lengths are shortened further in the presence of a coflow. For jets a stagnant environment and in the strong jet flow region of jets in coflow, jet widths increase linearly with downstream distance in transitional and turbulent jets. Self-similarity of radial profiles of mean velocity or excess velocity, mean concentration, turbulence intensities and concentration fluctuation level is explored in the zone of established flow.  相似文献
8.
9.
Transition to Taylor vortex flow between two conical cylinders, with the inner one rotating and the outer one stationary, is studied by the numerical method in this article. It is found that the basic flow becomes unstable with increasing of Reynolds number (Re) above a certain critical value Rec=117 and with the further increase of Re to about Re=300, the first stable vortex is formed near the top of the flow system. The annulus is filled with six pairs of vortices at about Re=800. These are confirmed by experimental observations. Moreover, the local extreme values of pressure and velocity are reached at the adjacent lines between neighboring vortices or at the medium lines of large vortices. The local minimum values of velocity and the local maximum values of pressure are reached at the same point, whereas the local maximum values of velocity of the flow are assumed at the point of inflection for pressure.  相似文献
10.
采用有限体积法计算了均匀来流条件下圆柱体和正四面体颗粒的低雷诺数三维绕流流场,得到了颗粒在不刚来流方向下的速度分布、压力分布,分析了其阻力特性.结果表明,非球型颗粒的在风场中的绕流阻力大小受来流方向的影响明显,在特定方向阻力最大,这与绕流后的剪切层结构有关.通过比较发现,以往非球型颗粒阻力经验公式给出的只是单一来流方向时的阻力值,而非平均值.根据计算结果给出了新的拟合非球体阻力系数计算公式,可以更准确地估算非球型风沙颗粒各来流方向的平均阻力值.  相似文献
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