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A general stochastic model of the atmospheric pressure at the ocean surface was proposed, in which the pressure variation was represented by a spectral decomposition through a random process of orthogonal increments. From the basic equations of ideal and incompressible fluid a set of perturbation equations up to second order had been derived and solved. The pressure variation in the flow field had been calculated using the explicit solutions obtained, and which demonstrated a clear relation between the atmospheric pressure and the one at the bottom of deep ocean. It can be seen that there is a part of the pressure variation which is not attenuating with the depth. The result had been compared with those of Longuet-Higgins and Kadota et al. and all previous results are contained in the solution given in this artice. The restriction on the previous works with regard to the probability law has been removed, and all conclusions are deduced without specific assumptions. The flexibility of the proposed model allows for further generalization and extension in the physical aspects and statistical treatment.  相似文献
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根据岩石变形破坏过程中有微震信号和电荷感应信号产生,利用岩石变形破裂过程微震和电荷感应监测系统,对不同类型岩石在单轴压缩和加卸载下变形破裂过程进行实时同步监测以获取微震和电荷感应信号特征。试验结果表明:不同类型岩石在变形破裂过程中有微震和电荷感应信号产生,微震和电荷感应信号是低频信号,信号频谱主要集中在40 Hz以下,随着岩石强度的增大,岩石变形破裂过程中的微震和电荷感应信号事件数增大且信号强度也增大;岩石变形破裂过程中微震和电荷的产生机理不同,微震信号是由于岩体裂纹扩展释放弹性应变能而引起的振动波,而电荷主要有微破裂、摩擦作用、压电效应等综合作用产生;对比不同类型岩石变形破裂过程的微震和电荷感应信号并对各信号进行相关性分析,研究发现,岩石在失稳破坏时存在着丰富的微震和电荷感应信号,且各信号具有高相关性,此阶段可作为最危险预警区。  相似文献
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