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浮式结构物在波浪中的运动响应计算   总被引:10,自引:1,他引:9  
根据线性波理论和三维源汇分布方法,提供了大尺度浮式结构物在波浪中运动的水动力系数、波浪载荷以及运动响应的计算方法,应用Newman的深水Reen函数及其数值方法,对于半球、矩形箱式结构物和半潜式平台的考核计算表明,同模型试验结果符合程度是令人满意的。  相似文献
2.
近年来内河水路运输飞速发展,浮式码头以其自身优势多运用于潮差较大的河段,由于浮式结构受风浪等环境因素影响较大,故对其水动力性能的研究至关重要.应用基于三维势流理论的水动力分析软件ANSYS/Workbench/AQWA建立浮式码头数值仿真计算模型,对浮式码头分别进行了频域分析和时域分析,考虑JONSWAP波浪谱与API风谱联合作用下浮式码头的运动响应,研究了不同的码头宽度和吃水深度对其水动力性能的影响.分析研究结果表明,浮式码头固有周期大约为3~8s,设计时需注意避免固有周期与波浪遭遇周期接近,以免发生共振;浮式码头在高频区域内稳定性较好,但耐波性较差;适当增加浮式码头宽度、减小吃水深度可以减小其运动响应幅值,研究结果可为锚泊浮式码头的设计提供理论参考.  相似文献
3.
平台结构是漂浮式海上风力机安全运行的基础保障。采用边界元并结合多体动力学方法,分析了张力腿(Tension Leg Platform,TLP)漂浮式风力机平台结构,研究了平台结构在频域和时域运动响应变化及漂浮式平台在多种不同海洋环境条件下风、波、流联合作用,与波浪载荷独立作用时的运动响应进行了比较,得出平台结构在时域中的动力响应及张力腿结构张力变化情况。结果表明:漂浮式平台在频域变化范围内,运动响应主要集中在低频部分,绕射力对漂浮式海上风力机TLP平台的作用力不能忽略;海洋环境载荷较小时,风、波、流联合作用比只有波浪运动响应强烈,而随着海洋环境载荷增强,波浪作用越来越大,对漂浮式平台运动有着重要影响;风、波、流联合作用运动响应标准差大于只有波浪作用,平台偏离平衡位置更加剧烈;张力腿最大张力随着海洋环境载荷增强逐渐增大,每根张力腿张力标准差都是以相同的趋势递增。研究结果对海上张力腿平台结构设计与优化具有很高的参考价值。  相似文献
4.
The hydrodynamic behaviors of a floating breakwater consisting of a rectangular pontoon and horizontal plates are studied theoretically. The fluid motion is idealized as two-dimensional linear potential flow. The motions of the floating breakwater are assumed to be two-dimensional in sway, heave, and roll. The solution to the fluid motion is derived by transforming the governing differential equation into the integral equation on the boundary in time domain with the Green’s function method. The motion equations of the floating breakwater are established and solved with the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method to obtain the displacement and velocity of the breakwater. The mooring forces are computed with the static method. The computational results of the wave transmission coefficient, the motion responses, and the mooring forces of the pontoon-plate floating breakwater are given. It is indicated that the relative width of the pontoon is an important factor influencing the wave transmission coefficient of the floating breakwater. The transmission coefficient decreases obviously as the relative width of the pontoon increases. The horizontal plates help to reduce the wave transmission over the floating breakwater. The motion responses and the mooring forces of the pontoon-plate floating breakwater are less than those of the pontoon floating breakwater. The mooring force at the offshore side is larger than that at the onshore side.  相似文献
5.
In this paper, numerical prediction of ship motion responses in long-crest irregular waves by the URANS-VOF method is presented. A white noise spectrum is applied to generate the incoming waves to evaluate the motion responses. The procedure can replace a decade of simulations in regular wave with one single run to obtain a complete curve of linear motion response, considerably reducing computation time. A correction procedure is employed to adjust the wave generation signal based on the wave spectrum and achieves fairly better results in the wave tank. Three ship models with five wave conditions are introduced to validate the method. The computations in this paper are completed by using the solver naoe-FOAM-SJTU, a solver developed for ship and ocean engineering based on the open source code OpenFOAM. The computational motion responses by the irregular wave procedure are compared with the results by regular wave, experiments and strip theory. Transfer functions by irregular wave closely agree with the data obtained in the regular waves, showing negligible difference. The comparison between computational results and experiments also show good agreements. The results better predicted by CFD method than strip theories indicate that this method can compensate for the inaccuracy of the strip theories. The results confirm that the irregular wave procedure is a promising method for the accurate prediction of motion responses with less accuracy loss and higher efficiency compared with the regular wave procedure.  相似文献
6.
码头前系泊船的运动响应与缆绳张力对于码头的运营安全至关重要.波群对系泊浮体波浪载荷特性不同于普通的随机波浪,具有一定的特殊性.该文对两种模拟波群方法进行了讨论,分析了两种模拟波群方法的特点以及群性与波浪统计特征值之间的关系.在此基础上开展了群性波浪作用下系泊船的运动响应研究,得出了谱峰因子γ、群高参数GFH和群长参数GLF与波浪特征波高的变化规律.  相似文献
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