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该文采用推板式造波机和改进的Goring造波方法在波浪水槽中生成了由三个等波高孤立波组成的波列,首先在坡度为1/10的斜坡上进行了多个孤立波连续爬高的实验研究.实验测量了等波高双孤立波和三孤立波在等水深波浪水槽中传播和在斜坡上的爬高过程,给出了沿程多点浪高仪测量的波面时间序列和高速摄像记录的水线在斜坡上爬高与回落过程影像.分析了来波相对波高和无量纲波峰间距对每个孤立波爬高放大系数的影响.在基于RANS方程和VOF方法的数值波浪水槽中,模拟了三孤立波爬高过程,给出了最大爬高与破碎特征.实验和数值模拟结果表明,孤立波在斜坡上回落时会产生强劲的回流水流,该反向流动导致后随孤立波破碎,消耗波动能量,使得后随孤立波的爬高放大系数明显小于没有回落水流影响的首个孤立波的爬高放大系数.当孤立的波峰间较大时,若来波相对波高较小,后两个的孤立波爬高基本相同;若来波相对波高较大时,第三个孤立波的爬高大于第二个孤立波的爬高.  相似文献
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南海东北部陆架波折处是大振幅内孤立波的频发地带.普遍的观点认为,这些内孤立波主要源自于吕宋海峡处潮流与海脊的相互作用;而对局地潮流-陆架波折相互作用的生成过程了解较少.本文通过一个二维非静力近似海洋数值模式,模拟了南海东北部陆架波折处潮流-地形相互作用激发内波及内波的演化过程,探讨了潮流周期、跃层深度对内波生成过程的影响.研究表明,潮流与地形相互作用能够激发向岸传播的内孤立子波列,证实了该海区内孤立波局地生成的可能性,但是相比于从吕宋海峡处传入的大振幅内孤立波,局地生成的内孤立波振幅要小得多.  相似文献
3.
本文应用光滑粒子流体动力学(SPH)方法建立了二维数值波浪水槽,研究了孤立波沿斜坡的传播、变形和破碎过程.通过数值计算分析了波浪沿斜坡传播过程中自由表面的变化特征,给出了斜坡上不同位置处波面变化的历时曲线,并应用文献记录的试验结果对数模结果进行了验证.得到了波高的沿程变化趋势、破波点的位置和破碎波高以及不同破碎形态下波浪自由表面的变化特征,显示了SPH方法在处理较复杂自由表面流动问题方面的优越性.  相似文献
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The prediction of solitary wave run-up has important practical significance in coastal and ocean engineering,but the calculation precision is limited in the existing models.For improving the calculation precision,a solitary wave run-up calculation model was established based on artificial neural networks in this study A back-propagation(BP)network with one hidden layer was adopted and modified with the additional momentum method and the auto-adjusting learning factor.The model was applied to calculation of solitary wave run-up.The correlation coefficients between the neural network model results and the experimental values was 0.9965.By comparison with the correlation coefficient of 0.9635,between the Synolakis formula calculation results and the experimental values,it is concluded that the neural network model is an effective method for calculation and analysis of solitary wave run-up.  相似文献
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In this article,the use of a high-order Boussinesq-type model and sets of laboratory experiments in a large scale flume of breaking solitary waves climbing up slopes with two inclinations are presented to study the shoreline behavior of breaking and non-breaking solitary waves on plane slopes.The scale effect on run-up height is briefly discussed.The model simulation capability is well validated against the available laboratory data and present experiments.Then,serial numerical tests are conducted to study the shoreline motion correlated with the effects of beach slope and wave nonlinearity for breaking and non-breaking waves.The empirical formula proposed by Hsiao et al.for predicting the maximum run-up height of a breaking solitary wave on plane slopes with a wide range of slope inclinations is confirmed to be cautious.Furthermore,solitary waves impacting and overtopping an impermeable sloping seawall at various water depths are investigated.Laboratory data of run-up height,shoreline motion,free surface elevation and overtopping discharge are presented.Comparisons of run-up,run-down,shoreline trajectory and wave overtopping discharge are made.A fairly good agreement is seen between numerical results and experimental data.It elucidates that the present depth-integrated model can be used as an efficient tool for predicting a wide spectrum of coastal problems.  相似文献
6.
A sequence of laboratory experiments using solitary waves was performed to model the effect of leading form of three types of tsunamis(a bore,an impinging wave and an overtopping wave)on a seawall on a sloping beach.The wave evolution process,impinging pressure along the seawall surface,total overtopping discharge behind the seawall and the maximum run-up height on the rear slope were measured and compared.Laboratory data were employed to re-examine relevant empirical formulae in the literature.The effect of the presence of the seawall in reducing maximum run-up height using the present setup was briefly discussed.The present data can be used for calibrating numerical and mathematical models.  相似文献
7.
In this paper, a novel adaptive mesh σ coordinate model is proposed for the studies of Wave and Structure Interaction (WSI). The model is validated by using the case of a solitary wave movement in an open channel with constant water depth and the case of nonbreaking solitary wave propagating over a step. Numerical results agree well with the analytical solutions obtained based on the Boussinesq theory, the laboratory data and other numerical model results. The proposed model is then used to study a solitary wave interacting with a suspended fixed structure.  相似文献
8.
海啸波在近海传播过程中有可能会演化成若干个孤立波组成的波列.为了研究孤立波波列对海岸结构物的作用机理,本文在波浪水槽中进行了双孤立波的直墙爬高实验.通过控制推板式造波机的运动,有效地实现了不同波峰间距双孤立波的造波方法.在复演并验证单孤立波直墙爬高的基础上,完成了不同相对波高、相对波峰间距的双孤立波爬高系列实验,给出了双孤立波平底传播及直墙爬高过程的波面时间序列及爬高过程水线运动时间序列.实验结果表明:对两个等波高的双孤立波而言,当相对波峰间距降到某临界值时,跟随在后孤立波的爬高放大系数将小于先导孤立波的爬高放大系数;当先导孤立波的波高大于跟随孤立波的波高,先导孤立波将更加显著地抑制对跟随孤立波的爬高过程,使得后者的最高爬放大系数显著减小;若在直墙爬高前两个波已明显重叠,即呈双峰瞬态波形,爬高放大系数不会大于具有相同波高的单孤立波的爬高放大系数.  相似文献
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