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In this study, the treatment capability of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrachloroaluminate [BMIM] [AlCl4] ionic liquid was investigated in a diesel fuel containing thiophene. The effects of operating parameters including the volumetric ratio of ionic liquid to model fuel, extraction temperature and time have been studied. Then, a neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) tuned by particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm has been developed to predict the sulphur removal from diesel fuel using [BMIM][AlCl4] in EDS process. The outputs were in a good agreement with the experimental data, and the model tuned by PSO predicts the data better than ANFIS and ANFIS tuned by GA.  相似文献
2.
Carbon dioxide emission to the atmosphere is one of the main causes of the current global warming. Therefore, capturing this greenhouse gas is very important. The effect of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and silver nanoparticles on semicompletion time (t95%) of carbon dioxide uptake in the process of gas hydrate formation is investigated in this communication. The tests were performed at temperatures of 273.65 and 275.65 K and initial pressures of 2 and 3 MPa in a 460 cm3 stirred batch reactor. Experimental measurements show that utilization of SDS and silver nanoparticles decreases the semicompletion time of carbon dioxide uptake considerably. The addition of SDS with concentration of 500 ppm and silver nanoparticles with concentration of 45 μM at p = 2 MPa and T = 275.65 K, respectively, decreases the semicompletion time of carbon dioxide uptake 136.09% and 152.88%, compared to pure water. Investigating the effect of temperature on the amount of t95% in the presence and absence of tested additives shows that this kinetic parameter decreases by increasing the temperature from 273.65 to 275.65 K.  相似文献
3.
In gas industry, gas hydrate formation has both advantages and disadvantages. The best advantage of gas hydrate is Persian Gulf water sweetening, carbon dioxide capture, and gas storage, and its drawbacks are pressure drop, plugging, and explosion in pipelines. In recent years, using the inhibitors to prevent hydrate formation is being considered among researchers. In this study, the new equilibrium data for hydrate formation of inlet natural gas to Gachsaran NGL-1200 refinery with addition of Tri ethylene glycol (TEG) with mass concentration of 5% and 15% in distilled and Persian Gulf waters were measured by constant-volume method. The experimental results show that the hydrate formation conditions will be hard with the increase of TEG concentration in distillated and Persian Gulf waters. In other words, TEG addition to Persian Gulf water had more inhibitory effect in hydrate formation than TEG addition to distilled water. The hydrate formation temperature, in pressure range of 28–29 bars, reduced 0.3°C and 2.7°C for distilled water and 2.8°C and 4.6°C for Persian Gulf water in presence of TEG with mass concentration of 5% and 15%, respectively.  相似文献
4.
In this research, the semicompletion time (t95%) of gas uptake in the process of methane hydrate formation in the presence and absence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and silver nanoparticles (SNPs) is investigated. The experiments were carried out in a 460 cm3 stirred batch reactor at temperatures of 273.65 and 275.65 K and initial pressures of 5, 5.7, and 7 MPa. The results showed that the addition of both additives at all tested conditions, noticeably, decreases the semicompletion time of methane uptake, compared to pure water. The semicompletion time of methane uptake in the presence of 500 ppm SDS, 45 μM SNPs, and 500 ppm SDS + 45 μM SNPs is 75.6, 546.3, and 129.9 min, respectively, while that for pure water it is 8729.0 min at 273.65 K and 7 MPa.  相似文献
5.
In this paper, the impact of the mixture of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) + multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) + β-cyclodextrin on the quantity and initial rate of methane dissolved in water is investigated. The experiments were performed at a temperature range of 278.15–303.15 K and an initial pressure of 0.5 MPa. The experimental results show that simultaneous utilization of β-cyclodextrin (0.01 mass fraction), MWCNTs (0.0005 mass fraction), and SDS (0.001 mass fraction) at 278.15 K increases the amount and the rate of methane dissolution in water by 29.90% and 173.78%, respectively, compared to pure water. An increase in the temperature decreases the quantity and the initial rate of methane dissolution in all solutions containing additives. However, no consistent relationship is observed between the temperature and the enhancement percentage of solubility of methane in solutions containing additives.  相似文献
6.
In the current study, a novel thermally coupled reactor with radial-flow pattern named as Radial Flow-Coupling Reactor (RF-CR) is modeled for heavy paraffin dehydrogenation. In this novel structure, the cross-section area of the Radial Flow-Tubular Reactor is sliced into some subsections. The necessary heat for heavy paraffin dehydrogenation in the endothermic side is supplied by the catalytic nitrobenzene hydrogenation in the exothermic side. The results of modeling represent 12.4 tons per day enhancement in the olefin production rate in comparison with non-coupling configuration using the same catalyst loading and duty. Besides, aniline as an additional valuable product is produced ∼17.45 tons per day in exothermic side of RF-CR.  相似文献
7.
Auto-thermal heat exchanger configurations are recognized as a novel concept in process intensification. In the current study, the influence of operating conditions in a novel coupling reactor with radial-flow pattern is investigated for heavy paraffin dehydrogenation process. Catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline takes place in the exothermic side and supplies the necessary heat for the endothermic dehydrogenation of heavy paraffin reaction. The performance of the reactor is numerically investigated for various key operating variables, such as inlet molar flow rates of exothermic and endothermic streams, number of subsections, and exothermic side angle. The reactor performance is analyzed based on temperature, olefin production rate, and nitrobenzene conversion.  相似文献
8.
Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) plays an important role in the production of clean liquid transportation fuels, chemicals, and other hydrocarbon products. This study proposes a novel dual bed configuration of FTS reactor in which Zeolite 4A, with the composition of Na12 (Si12Al12O48)⋅27H2O, is considered as water adsorbent inside the first reactor. In the second converter, the heat of reaction is used to pre-heat the synthesis gas to the first bed. The simulation results show an enhancement in the gasoline production, a main decrease in undesirable product formation (CO2 and CH4), and a favorable temperature profile along the proposed concept rather than the conventional reactor. This paper shows how the concept of in-situ water adsorption is feasible and beneficial for dual bed FTS.  相似文献
9.
In this study, a radial flow configuration is optimized using NSGA-II algorithm for simultaneous heavy paraffin dehydrogenation and hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline. Main products yield (Olefin and Aniline) and selectivity are maximized as two objective functions. The Shannon's Entropy, LINMAP and TOPSIS methods as three decision making approaches are used to select the final solution of Pareto front. The optimization results are shown that production rate of olefin and aniline enhanced about 36.55 and 4.33 ton/day, respectively, based TOPSIS and LINMAP methods compared with the non-optimized configuration. In addition, selectivity is increased 5.75% in optimized configuration.  相似文献
10.
In this communication, the impacts of adding SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate), TBAF (tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride) and the mixture of SDS + TBAF on the main kinetic parameters of CO2 hydrate formation (induction time, the quantity and rate of gas uptake, and storage capacity) were investigated. The tests were performed under stirring conditions at T = 5 °C and P = 3.8 MPa in a 169 cm3 batch reactor. The results show that adding SDS with a concentration of 400 ppm, TBAF with a concentration of 1–5 wt%, and the mixture of SDS + TBAF, would increase the storage capacity of CO2 hydrate and the quantity of gas uptake, and decrease the induction time of hydrate formation process. The addition of 5 wt% of TBAF and 400 ppm of SDS would increase the CO2 hydrate storage capacity by 86.1% and 81.6%, respectively, compared to pure water. Investigation of the impact of SDS, TBAF and their mixture on the rate of gas uptake indicates that the mixture of SDS + TBAF does not have a significant effect on the rate of gas uptake during hydrate formation process.  相似文献
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