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The applicability of a blackbody source to sensitivity measurements and calibration of an uncooled Terahertz (THz) focal plane array (FPA) is discussed, but the combination of a blackbody source and a band-pass filter may not be suitable for these purposes. Two ways to measure the minimum detectable power (MDP) of uncooled THz-FPAs are described and compared when used with strong THz sources such as a quantum cascade laser (QCL). The MDP is defined as the radiant power that produces a signal-to-noise ratio of unity in the output of a THz imager that uses a THz-FPA operating at a TV frame rate. One method (method 1) is based on the hypothesis that the beam pattern of the THz source is close to a Gaussian pattern. In another method (method 2), the signal level of the background in an image that does not contain a THz source is subtracted from the signal of the image. While method 2 is more flexible, how large the signals coming from THz source should be, as compared with the noise level, remains to be defined. Finally, based on issues with the current non-uniformity correction (NUC) technique, specifications are proposed for THz source power and wobbling technique to obtain uniform illumination for an ideal NUC technique.  相似文献
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A novel all‐femtosecond‐laser‐processing technique is proposed for the fabrication of 2D periodic metal nanostructures inside 3D glass microfluidic channels, which have applications to real‐time surface‐enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). In the present study, 3D glass microfluidic channels are fabricated by femtosecond‐laser‐assisted wet etching. This is followed by the space‐selective formation of Cu‐Ag layered thin films inside the microfluidic structure via femtosecond laser direct writing ablation and electroless metal plating. The Cu‐Ag films are subsequently nanostructured by irradiation with linearly polarized beams to form periodic surface structures. This work demonstrates that a double exposure to laser beams having orthogonal polarization directions can generate arrays of layered Cu‐Ag nanodots with dimensions as small as 25% of the laser wavelength. The resulting SERS microchip is able to detect Rhodamine 6G, exhibiting an enhancement factor of 7.3 × 108 in conjunction with a relative standard deviation of 8.88%. This 3D microfluidic chip is also found to be capable of the real‐time SERS detection of Cd2+ ions at concentrations as low as 10 ppb in the presence of crystal violet. This technique shows significant promise for the fabrication of high performance microfluidic SERS platforms for the real‐time sensing of toxic substances with ultrahigh sensitivity.  相似文献
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