首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   6篇
  完全免费   7篇
  无线电   13篇
  2017年   3篇
  2016年   5篇
  2014年   2篇
  2009年   1篇
  1995年   1篇
  1992年   1篇
排序方式: 共有13条查询结果,搜索用时 78 毫秒
1.
线粒体是真核细胞中高度动态变化的一种细胞器。但目前有关植物细胞,尤其是花粉管中线粒体的分布及其动态变化的信息还比较少。本文应用Zeiss 5 live快速共聚焦显微镜结合线粒体荧光探针Mitotracker Green对百合花粉管中线粒体的分布及其动态变化进行了观察和测定。结果显示,正常培养的百合花粉管中线粒体呈倒喷泉式移动,即花粉管基部的线粒体移动到亚顶端后即发生回流,因此花粉管顶端锥形区域内很少观察到线粒体的存在。对单个线粒体进行跟踪分析结果表明花粉管中的线粒体分为快速运动和锚定状态两种。快速移动的线粒体在花粉管两侧质膜下及花粉管中央沿着与花粉管长轴平行的方向运动,在花粉管亚顶端则沿着一定曲线移动;锚定在细胞质中的线粒体则随着胞质环流而被动移动。低浓度的微丝骨架抑制剂Jas处理时间依赖性地引起花粉管亚顶端的线粒体逐渐前移,并最终充满整个花粉管顶端,同时花粉管中快速移动线粒体的比例逐渐减少。上述结果表明,花粉管中的线粒体主要沿着微丝骨架进行快速移动,而花粉管亚顶端精细微丝组成的领区(Collar)在花粉管线粒体的分布和动态变化中起重要作用。  相似文献
2.
目的:比较肝豆状核变性(hepatolenticular degeneration,Wilson’s disease,WD)与正常肝脏肝细胞线粒体的形态计量学差异。方法:应用透射电镜观察两组肝组织中肝细胞内线粒体并应用图像分析软件计算线粒体的平均周长、平均面积、数密度等。结果:肝豆状核变性肝细胞线粒体平均周长(Bm)、平均面积(Am)均大于正常对照组线粒体,两者差异具有显著性(P0.05),数密度(Nv)差异无统计学意义。结论:肝豆状核变性线粒体发生显著肥大。  相似文献
3.
应用激光共聚焦显微镜和全内反射荧光显微镜,以青杄花粉为供试材料,研究 γ?氨基丁酸(gamma?amino butyric acid,GABA)合成抑制剂3?MP对线粒体活动规律以及活性氧(reactive oxygen species,ROS)分布范围的影响.结果表明:正常条件下,线粒体的活动规律为由花粉管基部移动到亚顶端后随即发生回流,并主要集中在花粉管的顶端和亚顶端;3?MP处理后,线粒体前移并充满整个花粉管的膨胀区,同时花粉管中快速移动线粒体的比例也逐渐减少.此外,正常条件下,花粉管的顶端区域存在一个以顶端为基础的陡峭的ROS梯度;用3?MP处理后,ROS由花粉管顶端扩散至整个膨胀区.这些结果丰富了GABA影响裸子植物花粉极性生长的研究.  相似文献
4.
纳米金棒(AuNRs)具有众多独特的属性,已广泛运用于生物医学领域,但其是否具有潜在的生物危害尚有争议.作者运用了激光扫描共聚焦显微镜技术、western blotting技术和其他分子生物学方法从细胞氧化应激的角度探讨了AuNRs诱导A549细胞产生自噬的分子机制.研究结果表明,4μg·mL-1的AuNRs处理6 h能够诱导A549细胞自噬标志蛋白LC3-Ⅱ表达增加,LC3蛋白从细胞核转移至细胞质并形成自噬小泡.进一步研究发现,AuNRs能够降低A549细胞线粒体膜电位、ATP含量、UCP2蛋白表达水平以及细胞抗氧化能力并导致活性氧蓄积,后者可能最终引起细胞产生自噬.而10 mmol·L-1抗氧化剂NAC能够逆转上述线粒体及细胞功能的改变,并抑制自噬的发生.这一研究为深入认识其生物危害及可能机制提供了有力的实验证据.  相似文献
5.
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a main cause of chemotherapy failure in cancer treatment. It is associated with complex cellular and molecular mechanisms including overexpression of drug efflux transporters, increased membrane rigidity, and impaired apoptosis. Numerous efforts have been made to overcome efflux transporter‐mediated MDR using nanotechnology‐based approaches. However, these approaches fail to surmount plasma membrane rigidity that attenuates drug penetration and nanoparticle endocytosis. Here, a “one‐two punch” nanoparticle approach is proposed to coordinate intracellular biointeraction and bioreaction of a nanocarrier material docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and an anticancer prodrug mitomycin C (MMC) to enhance mitochondrion‐targeted toxicity. Incorporation of DHA in solid polymer‐lipid nanoparticles first reduces the membrane rigidity in live cancer cells thereby increasing nanoparticle cellular uptake and MMC accumulation. Subsequent intracellular MMC bioreduction produces free radicals that in turn react with adjacent DHA inducing significantly elevated mitochondrial lipid peroxidation, leading to irreversible damage to mitochondria. Preferential tumor accumulation of the nanoparticles and the synergistic anticancer cytotoxicity remarkably inhibit tumor growth and prolonged host survival without any systemic toxicity in an orthotopic MDR breast tumor model. This work suggests that combinatorial use of biophysical and biochemical properties of nanocarrier materials with bioreactive prodrugs is a powerful approach to overcoming multifactorial MDR in cancer.  相似文献
6.
Ester, amide, and directly linked composites of squalene and cationic diaza [4]helicenes 1 are readily prepared. These lipid‐dye constructs 2 , 3 , and 4 give in aqueous media monodispersed spherical nanoassemblies around 100–130 nm in diameter with excellent stability for several months. Racemic and enantiopure nanoassemblies of compound 2 are fully characterized, including by transmission electron microscope and cryogenic transmission electron microscope imaging that did not reveal higher order supramolecular structures. Investigations of their (chir)optical properties show red absorption maxima ≈600 nm and red fluorescence spanning up to the near‐infrared region, with average Stokes shifts of 1350–1550 cm?1. Live‐cell imaging by confocal microscopy reveals rapid internalization on the minute time scale and organelle‐specific accumulation. Colocalization with MitoTracker in several cancer cell lines demonstrates a specific staining of mitochondria by the [4]helicene–squalene nanoassemblies. To our knowledge, it is the first report of a subcellular targeting by squalene‐based nanoassemblies.  相似文献
7.
大鼠10只,分实验组(6只)和对照组(4只)。实验组大鼠(每次2只)置入密封玻璃容器内(容积5500ml),同时放入钠石灰100g,90分钟后杀死取左心室外侧壁作超微细胞色素氧化酶观察,并以正常大鼠作对照。对两组动物各50个线粒体的细胞色素氧化酶有关参数进行图象分析处理。结果表明,缺氧组动物心肌线粒体细胞色素氧化酶活性明显减弱。  相似文献
8.
本文应用电子显微镜技术详细研究了研究天竺葵花粉中出现的异型线粒体的超微结构。在小孢子大液泡时期到二细胞雄配子体初期。细胞质(营养细胞质)中出现呈各种特殊形态的线粒体,如极度拉长形,长棒形,哑铃形和环形等。在成熟花粉中出现囊泡化的线粒体。哑铃形和拉长形的线粒体可能与线粒体的增殖有关。而线粒体体积的增大可能与高尔基小泡有关。  相似文献
9.
Research on aggregation‐induced emission (AIE) has become increasingly popular recently and various AIE luminogens (AIEgens) have been developed based on tetraphenylethene, hexaphenylsilole, distyrylanthracene, tetraphenylpyrazine, etc. However, facile tuning of the AIEgen emissions in a wide range remains challenging. Herein, a novel series of AIEgens is reported, based on imidazole‐cored molecular rotors, with facile synthesis and emission colors covering the whole visible spectrum. Moreover, these imidazole derivatives exhibit biological functions unique among the AIEgens, including mitochondria‐specific imaging and antifungal activity. Benefiting from the easy preparation and the tunable emission, the imidazole derivatives are expected to not only diversify the family of AIEgens but also enrich their biological applications.  相似文献
10.
Here a biomimetic approach is presented to fabricate nanodragon fruits featured by a multitude of tiny quantum dot ZnO seeds embedded in mesosilica (SiO2) flesh then enclosed in amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) shell. The nanodragon fruits give rise to a new class of hybrid ZnO/SiO2@ACP nanocomplex with multimoidal capability: cellular delivering, intracellular targeting, and subcellular imaging. With this particular design, the unusual fluorescent stability of ZnO quantum dots (QDs) in aqueous solution, the specific color selection of the functional ZnO QD seeds, and the stability of transient ACP over a long period of time are made possible. In addition, the nanodragon fruits, capable of targeting mitochondria, have elevated biocompatibility, thus can be of enormous potential applications in treating mitochondrial diseases including inflammation, neurodegeneration, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. As numerous human disorders are often associated with cellular dysfunctions, this biocompatible carrying platform, capable of delivering, targeting, and imaging subcellular organelles, is therefore highly desirable for efficacious therapeutic and diagnostic treatment.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号