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We present the design of a large-area (50 mm times 50 mm) polyvynilidene fluoride (PVDF) pyroelectric sensor array for industrial CO2 (lambda = 10.6 mum) laser beam positioning. The array dimensions were chosen to match the area typically monitored in the alignment procedure of external optics (beam steering moving arm system, for example) used to redirect the laser beam from the laser output window to a remote working station. The instrument is provided with a tilted, high reflection, ZnSe plate which partially transmits the laser beam onto the sensor array. From positioning simulations with a Gaussian laser intensity profile with a sigma = 3.2 mm standard deviation (equivalent spot size 3sigma cong 20 mm), the positional accuracy along the two orthogonal array dimensions was found to be better than 0.02 mm for an 8 times 8 array and one order of magnitude higher for a 16 times 16 array. The centroid position of a CO2 industrial laser beam was evaluated by integrating the pyroelectric current for a time comparable to the time duration (100-200 ms) of the laser pulses used in the alignment procedure.  相似文献
2.
The final ceramic integrity was investigated by means of high resolution ultrasonic images. To ensure a better evaluation of the defect shape, both spectral and time-domain parameters were used to build the images. A new investigation technique, based on an indirect defect detection, is proposed which exploits the filtering effect that the flaw induces on the forward propagating ultrasonic wave.  相似文献
3.
High frequency ultrasonic techniques for nondestructive tests of fine grained ceramic materials are presented. Green and partially sintered are considered. To this purpose, ultrasonic velocities and attenuation were measured and correlated to the porosity degree reached in different phases of the manufacturing process. A physical understanding of the experimental results is achieved by comparing them with the theoretical predictions provided by a self consistent scattering theory introduced in the 1980s. Finally, porosity maps are proposed since they give a comprehensive view of the process quality.  相似文献
4.
Our design of transducer arrays for custom pyroelectric sensors is mainly devoted to IR laser beam characterization and control. It benefits from some of the properties of PVDF film such as low cost, low weight, mechanical flexibility, chemical stability (inert), and compatibility of thick film interconnection technologies on metallized films. By using the temporal characteristics of the source intensity and starting from a standard equivalent one-dimensional model of a multilayer thick-film transducer in the frequency domain, we developed a computer model of the PVDF sensor that determines the temporal response to arbitrarily modulated radiation. The validation of the model accuracy has been carried out with a simulation procedure performed on a PVDF sensor designed for accurate beam alignment of low power laser beams. In this case, an iterative algorithm also was developed to estimate some thermal and physical properties of the front absorbing and the metallization layers that are generally barely known. We present a fitting procedure to determine these properties by using the temporal pyroelectric response to a square wave modulated laser diode that provides a reliable reference signal.  相似文献
5.
A new modeling technique for ultrasonic transducers is developed in order to build an analytical model in the Laplace s-domain. The model is intended for use in analog circuit CAD system for the front-end electronic design and to visualize the acoustic pulse modifications under different excitation conditions. The transducer is characterized by two analytical functions representing the driving point impedance and the electroacoustic transfer function. The transfer function is obtained as the ratio of the transducer axial response and the excitation voltage. The reference responses of the impedance and transfer function are derived by the Fourier transform of the measured signals. The model is derived by the measurements of the driving point current and voltage, and the field axial response is sensed by a hydrophone. The procedure for the model identification is described. The results of testing 5-MHz transducer for medical applications are presented. An approach for the design of broadband matching networks using a constant resistance network is reported.  相似文献
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