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1.
均匀沉淀法制备纳米氧化镁的研究   总被引:42,自引:1,他引:41  
张近 《功能材料》1999,30(2):193-194
以MgCl2和CO(NH2)2为原料,采用均匀沉淀法制备了纳米MgO。考察了反应温度、反应时间、反应物配比及煅烧温度和时间对产物收率与粒径的影响,获得了最佳工艺条件。通过热重分析、X射线衍射、透射电镜研究了产品的结构性能,所得纳米MgO分散性良好,粒度分布均匀,平均粒径30nm,粒子形状为球形  相似文献
2.
夹心式功率超声压电陶瓷换能器的工程设计   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
林书玉 《声学技术》2006,25(2):160-164
文中为换能器的优化设计和性能改善提供一些有用的设计指南和解决措施,并对功率超声夹心式压电陶瓷换能器工程设计中的一些重要问题(即换能器各部分的功能及选择,压电陶瓷元件的位置优化,接触界面对换能器性能的影响与预应力的选择及影响等)进行了简要的分析。结论表明,文中所述对于优化设计、改善并提高性能具有参考和使用价值。  相似文献
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Street dusts collected from Baoji, NW China were analyzed for Cu, Pb, Zn, Mn and Ni by using PANalytical PW-2403 wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and assessed the contamination level of heavy metals on the basis of geoaccumulation index (I(geo)), enrichment factor (EF), pollution index (PI) and integrated pollution index (IPI). The results indicate that, in comparison with Chinese soil, street dusts in Baoji have elevated metal concentrations as a whole. The concentrations of heavy metals investigated in this paper are compared with the reported data of other cities. The calculated results of I(geo) and EF of heavy metals reveal the order of I(geo) and EF are Pb>Zn>Cu>Ni>Mn. The high I(geo) and EF for Pb, Zn and Cu in street dusts indicate that there is a considerable Pb, Zn and Cu pollution, which mainly originate from traffic and industry activities. The I(geo) and EF of Mn and Ni are low and the assessment results indicate an absence of distinct Mn and Ni pollution in street dusts. The assessment results of PI also support Pb, Zn and Cu in street dusts presented serious pollution, and IPI indicates heavy metals of street dust polluted seriously.  相似文献
5.
电影胶片贮存温度湿度探讨   总被引:5,自引:1,他引:4  
电影是人类重要的文化遗产之一,然而记录电影的载体电影胶片由于受自身构成材料和保存环境等因素的影响,面临巨大威胁。其中保存环境的温度、湿度是影响电影胶片长期保存的关键因素之一,实践证明低温低湿有利于胶片的长期保存,但温度、湿度过低会导致胶片变脆、变形,降低其机械性能,同时也会增加保存运行成本,增加档案管理工作的复杂性。结合我国的具体国情,我们初步认为电影胶片较为适宜的保存温度范围为-5℃~5℃,相对湿度范围为30%RH-50%RH。  相似文献
6.
Radioactivity level in Chinese building ceramic tile   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
The activity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K have been determined by gamma ray spectrometry. The concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K range from 158.3 to 1087.6, 91.7 to 1218.4, and 473.8 to 1031.3 Bq kg(-1) for glaze, and from 63.5 to 131.4, 55.4 to 106.5, and 386.7 to 866.8 Bq kg(-1) for ceramic tile, respectively. The measured activity concentrations for these radionuclides were compared with the reported data of other countries and with the typical world values. The radium equivalent activities (Ra(eq)), external hazard index (H(ex)) and internal hazard index (H(in)) associated with the radionuclides were calculated. The Ra(eq) values of all ceramic tiles are lower than the limit of 370 Bq kg(-1). The values of H(ex) and H(in) calculated according to the Chinese criterion for ceramic tiles are less than unity. The Ra(eq) value for the glaze of glazed tile collected from some areas are >370 Bq kg(-1).  相似文献
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铁电陶瓷/铁氧体复合材料的相结构与介电性能   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
研究了铁电陶瓷/铁氧体混合烧结体的相结构与介电性能。在900℃制备出铁电陶瓷/铁氧体复合材料,该复合材料是介电材料相与铁氧体材料相共存的复相陶瓷。铁电陶瓷/铁氧体复合材料的介电性能在低温区域主要是介电材料相起作用,而铁氧体材料主要在高温部分对复合材料的介电性能起作用。采用两相混合分布的介电常数计算公式拟合了复相陶瓷的介温曲线,并提出修正指数因子α和β,建立修正方程。  相似文献
9.
The electrochemical oxidation of anionic surfactants (sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, DBS) contained in simulated wastewater treated by three-dimensional electrode system with combined modified kaolin served as packed bed particle electrodes and Ti/Co/SnO(2)-Sb(2)O(3) anode was studied, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal of pollutants in the solutions was also investigated. The results showed that the three-dimensional electrodes in combined process could effectively decompose anionic surfactants. The COD removal efficiency can reach 86%, much higher than that of Ti/Co/SnO(2)-Sb(2)O(3) electrodes used singly or modified kaolin employed singly (graphite as anode and cathode) on the same condition of pH 3 and 38.1 mA/cm(2) current density. The current efficiency and kinetic constant were calculated and energy consumption was studied. At the same time the influence of pH and current density on COD removal efficiency with combined three-dimensional electrodes was also investigated, respectively. The optimal initial pH value of degradation is 3 (acid condition), and a minor COD removal increase follows higher current density.  相似文献
10.
The dissolution and regeneration of the waste chicken feathers in an ionic liquid of 1-butyl-3-methylimi-dazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl) were demonstrated for preparing chicken feather based particles. The structure and properties of the regenerated chicken feathers were investigated by FT-IR, XRD, SEM, BET and water contact angle. The crystallinity of the regenerated chicken feathers was decreased, and the content of β-sheet was 31.71%, which was clearly lower than the raw feather (47.19%). The surface property of chicken feather changed from hydrophobicity to hydrophilicity after regenerated from [BMIM]Cl as indicated by the change of the water contact angle from 138 to 76°. The chicken feather particles regenerated from [BMIM]Cl showed an excellent efficiency (63.5–87.7%) for removing Cr(VI) ions in wastewater at the concentrations from 2 to 80 ppm. The Freundlich constant (kF) for the adsorption of Cr(VI) ion by the particles of the regenerated chicken feather was four times larger than that of the raw chicken feather, the possible reason is the hydrophilic groups such as amino and carboxyl groups were tend to self-assemble towards surface when the dissolved CF were regenerated by water, amino group will partly hydrate to cationic amino and Cr(VI) ion occurs as an anion in the aqueous phase, so the cationic amino will adsorb the anionic Cr(VI) ion onto the RCF particles through electrostatic attraction. This work demonstrated a new application of the ionic liquid for dissolving chicken feather and a renewable application of waste chicken feather for removing Cr(VI) ion in water.  相似文献
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