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1.
对采用“两步模压法”制备的β-偏磷酸钙(β-CMP)晶须/聚乳酸(PLLA)复合骨折内固定材料进行细胞安全性研究,为其应用提供生物学依据。将成骨细胞与复合材料共孵育,用四甲基偶氮唑盐微量酶反应比色法(MTT)法分析成骨细胞的增殖情况,并通过倒置显微镜和SEM观察成骨细胞在复合材料上的粘附、生长情况。β-CMP/PLLA复合材料对成骨细胞黏附、生长没有抑制作用而且能促进成骨细胞的增殖。β-CMP/PLLA复合材料具有良好的细胞相容性。  相似文献
2.
PLLA纳米纤维编织缝合线的制备及生物相容性研究   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
以PLLA为原料,采用静电纺丝和圆盘定向收集得到具有有序排列的纳米纤维束,并将其编织成线,得到PLLA纳米纤维缝合线.对新型可吸收PLLA缝线的微观形貌、血液相容性、细胞毒性进行了性能表征,并测试了其力学性能.结果表明,纳米纤维在一定的圆盘转速下表现出较好的定向性,力学性能良好.缝线在溶血试验中溶血率<5%,符合医用材料的溶血要求.MTT实验结果表明缝线材料无细胞毒性,且显示出较高的增殖率,说明新型可吸收PLLA纳米纤维缝线具有良好的生物相容性和安全性.  相似文献
3.
The aim of this study was to develop a new process for the production of bioactive 3D scaffolds using a clean and environmentally friendly technology. The possibility of preparing composite scaffolds of Bioglass® and a polymeric blend of starch and poly(l-lactic acid) (SPLA50) was evaluated. Supercritical phase-inversion technique was used to prepare inorganic particles loaded starch-based porous composite matrixes in a one-step process for bone tissue engineering purposes.Due to their osteoconductive properties some glasses and ceramics are interesting materials to be used for bone tissue engineering purposes; however their poor mechanical properties create the need of a polymeric support where the inorganic fraction can be dispersed. Samples impregnated with different concentrations of Bioglass® (10 and 15% wt/wt polymer) were prepared at 200 bar and 55 °C. The presence of Bioglass® did not affect the porosity or interconnectivity of the polymeric matrixes. Dynamic mechanical analysis has proven that the modulus of the SPLA50 scaffolds increases when glass particles are impregnated within the matrix.In vitro bioactivity studies were carried out using simulated body fluid and the results show that a calcium-phosphate layer started to be formed after only 1 day of immersion. Chemical analysis of the apatite layer formed on the surface of the scaffold was performed by different techniques, namely EDS and FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The ion concentration in the simulated body fluid was also carried out by ICP analysis. Results suggest that a bone-like apatite layer was formed.This study reports the feasibility of using supercritical fluid technology to process, in one step, a porous matrix loaded with a bioactive material for tissue engineering purposes.  相似文献
4.
在不结合其它致孔方法的条件下,基于单一的热致相分离的方法,采用聚左旋乳酸(PLLA),二氧六环,水三元体系,测量了体系的浊点和凝胶点,并在此基础之上系统地研究了溶液浓度,溶剂配比,凝胶温度,凝胶时间对支架大孔,纳米纤维的影响,在质量分数为5%,m(溶剂配比二氧六环)/m(水)=87/13,凝胶温度25℃,凝胶时间15min的条件下,制备了含有100μm以上大孔,同时孔壁上分布均匀的纳米纤维的PLLA支架,孔隙均匀,连通性很好.  相似文献
5.
采用了一种新的微球制备方法液滴-冷凝法,以左旋聚乳酸[Poly(L-lactic-acid), PLLA]和羟基磷灰石(Hydroxyaptite, HA)为原料制备了复合微球.采用正交试验,以复合微球的粒径、球形度、成球率和孔隙率为考察指标,研究了PLLA溶液浓度、PLLA/HA质量比及冷凝液的温度梯度对复合微球成型和性能的影响,应用扫描电镜(SEM)对聚乳酸微球的微观形貌、孔隙结构进行了观察和表征.研究结果表明,应用该工艺制备的微球粒径均一,球径可控,其表面和内部都存在丰富的微孔,且孔间互相贯通.当采用较低浓度的PLLA溶液和适中的冷凝液温度梯度时,复合微球的各项指标均较好.该微球材料有望在骨缺损填充等领域得到应用.  相似文献
6.
Dual multi-porous PLLA (poly(l-lactic acid))/H2SO4-doped PPy (polypyrrole) composite micro/nano fiber films were fabricated by combining electrospinning with in situ polymerization. The morphologies and structures of the resulting samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that the composite micro/nano fibers exhibited a core-shell structure and the composite fiber film had a dual multi-pore structure composed of pores both in the fibers and among the fibers. Semiconductor parameter analyzer was used to characterize the electrical properties of the samples. It was interesting to find that all the PLLA/H2SO4-doped PPy composite micro/nano fiber films had higher conductivity than H2SO4-doped PPy particles when the polymerization time up to 180 min. Effects of the pyrrole synthesis conditions on the pore size and the conductivity of PLLA/PPy composite fiber film were assessed. By optimizing the polymerization conditions, the max conductivity of this composite fiber film was about 179.0 S cm−1 with a pore size of about 250 μm. The possible mechanism of PLLA/H2SO4-doped PPy composite micro/nano fiber films had much higher conductivity than H2SO4-doped PPy particles was discussed.  相似文献
7.
A recently developed process of microsphere preparation, named droplet-freezing process is introduced in this paper. The PLLA microspheres were fabricated by the droplet-freezing process, the diameter and porosity of the microspheres were measured, and the micro-morphologies of the microspheres were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The formation process of microspheres was achieved by two steps: first, after droplets dropped off the delivery tube, they became approximately spherical in the air under the effect of the surface tension; second, droplets dropped into liquid condensate and maintained the spherical shape, and were frozen during the free settling process. Experimental results indicated that the microspheres fabricated by the droplet-freezing process have uniform diameters and the diameter can be controlled properly, along with the increase of the PLLA concentration, the size of microspheres increases, but the porosity of the microspheres decreases. The microspheres with high porosity can be obtained with a low concentration of the PLLA solution. SEM analysis revealed that the surfaces and interiors of the microsphere contain plentiful and interconnected micro pores. The microspheres are hopeful to be applied in bone tissue engineering.  相似文献
8.
以氯仿为共溶剂,用流延成膜法制备了不同酰基侧链O-酰化壳寡糖/聚乳酸(OCS/PLLA)共混膜,用FTIR、WAXD、DSC和TG等方法表征了共混膜中的氢键作用。结果表明,OCS/PLLA共混膜组分间存在较强的氢键相互作用,主要发生在O-酰化壳寡糖的氨基和聚乳酸的羰基之间;在保证脂溶性的前提下,酰基侧链越短,O-酰化壳寡糖与聚乳酸之间的氢键作用越强,组分间的相容性越好。  相似文献
9.
徐阳  孙志丹  陈晓浪  郭刚  张志斌  胡书春 《功能材料》2012,43(16):2138-2141
以左旋聚乳酸(PLLA)为原料,制备了无定型PLLA膜及无定型PLLA在不同温度下等温结晶的样品。利用红外光谱(FT-IR)、X射线衍射(XRD)和偏光显微镜(POM)分析了结晶温度的改变对PLLA样品的晶体改性及晶体形貌的影响。研究结果表明,结晶温度的改变对PLLA样品的晶体结构、晶型转变及晶粒形貌特征产生了较大的影响。当结晶温度低于100℃时,PLLA主要以无序的α’-晶型存在;随着结晶温度的增加,PLLA的晶体结构和晶型开始转变,当结晶温度超过120℃后,PLLA主要以α-晶型的形式存在;而当结晶温度在100~120℃范围内,则形成的是α’-与α-晶型PLLA的混合形式存在。另一方面,POM照片测试结果表明,随着结晶温度的升高,PLLA的晶体形貌发生了改变,晶粒尺寸随温度的增加而增加,结晶速度增加,晶粒数量减少,PLLA晶体由α’-向α-晶型发生了转变。  相似文献
10.
通过浸没沉淀相转化法制备生物基聚乳酸(PLLA)微孔膜,并考察溶剂种类和致孔剂种类及致孔剂分子量对微孔膜结构和性能的影响.分别考察N-甲基吡咯烷酮(NMP)、N,N-二甲基乙酰胺(DMAc)和1,4-二氧六环(DO)作为溶剂对PLLA膜微孔结构的影响,研究用聚乙二醇(PEG6000)和聚乙烯基吡咯烷酮(PVP-K30)作为致孔剂对PLLA膜微孔结构、平均孔径、水通量及接触角的影响;不同分子量的致孔剂PEG(600、6000、10000)对PLLA膜微孔结构、平均孔径及水通量的影响.通过扫描电镜照片发现,NMP和DMAc作为溶剂可得到指状孔,而DO作为溶剂得到胞状孔,PEG和PVP-K30作为致孔剂均可促进PLLA膜大孔的形成,PVP-K30可使PLLA膜表面更为多孔,不同分子量的PEG作为致孔剂会同时影响PLLA膜的孔径和皮层厚度.通过对制备的PLLA微孔膜的水通量及尿素、溶菌酶和牛血清蛋白的透过性能分析表明聚乳酸膜具有较好的溶质选择透过性,有望成为具有良好生物相容性和透析性能的新一代血液透析膜材料.  相似文献
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