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引入广义归一化函数带概念研究结构声源的描述   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
苏建新 《声学技术》2006,25(4):365-370
导纳矩阵方法完整精确描述结构声源,但因包含过多元素缺乏实用性。通过引入广义归一化函数带的概念,提出把完整描述结构声源的大量物理量收缩为一对物理量来对声源简化描述。并利用计算机构造虚拟结构的方法获得与平方总力、两种特征功率对应的三条广义归一化函数带。结果表明在源导纳远大于支撑结构导纳的场合平方总力描述声源好过用特征功率和平均点导纳大小一对量描述声源,而在源导纳与支撑结构导纳可比拟的场合,用特征功率和平均点导纳大小这对量远好过平方总力和平均点导纳大小这对量描述声源。工程上可按照精度上的不同要求,对照广义归一化功率带的宽度,做出接受或放弃这种简化方式。  相似文献
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Sediment samples were analyzed for di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), an organic endocrine disruptor, in Houjing River in southern Taiwan. The average DEHP concentration at 10 sampling locations, spanning from upper, middle, and lower segments of the stream, was calculated at 3.81+/-6.36mgkg(-1)drywt. Highest concentration was recorded at the Jhongsing Bridge (20.22mgkg(-1)drywt.) near the Dashe Industrial Park, followed by the Renwu Bridge (8.93mgkg(-1)drywt.) near the Renwu Industrial Park. The surface sediment concentration of DEHP was found to be higher in the dry season (October and December), and lower in the wet (flood) season (August), indicating that sources of DEHP remained active and continued to recharge the Houjing River. Vertical sediment core analysis revealed that highest concentration occurred at the depth of 40-60cm, indicating that historical discharges of DEPH may have been higher than recent years. Domestic comparison of DEHP concentrations in sediment from highest to lowest could be categorized as northern, southern, central, and eastern Taiwan, respectively, and seemed to be positively correlated with population density and/or industrial activity. Compared to other countries, DEHP concentration of the Houjing River was relatively higher than rivers studied in Japan, Germany, Italy, and Malaysia, and was relatively lower than the Aire and Trent Rivers in the United Kingdom.  相似文献
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韩宁  麦卓明 《声学技术》2007,26(6):1214-1219
就管道通风系统而言,在研究其中的声场分布和同管道末端负载的相互作用影响时,对作为噪声源的流体风机的特征描述是一个关键环节。已往的一些研究往往采用基于管道中平面声波传播的一端或二端模型。而在很多实用场合,由于声源耦合入管道中的声波频率较高,需要考虑所激发出的高阶声场模态。文中提出了一种新的方法,用来在二端耦合的管道中存在高阶声波模态传播的情况下,测量描述这类稳态声源特征。  相似文献
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Acoustic Emission (AE) signals, which are electrical version of acoustic emissions, are usually analysed using a set of signal parameters. The major objective of signal analysis is to study the characteristics of the sources of emissions. Peak amplitude(P a ) and rise time(R t ) are two such parameters used for source characterization. In this paper, we theoretically investigate the efficiency ofP a andR t to classify and characterize AE sources by modelling the input stress pulse and transducer. Analytical expressions obtained forP a andR t clearly indicate their use and efficiency for source characterization. It is believed that these results may be of use to investigators in areas like control systems and signal processing also  相似文献
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