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1.
β21S 钛合金热压缩变形行为   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:5  
在热模拟试验机上对 β2 1S(Ti 15Mo 2 .7Nb 3Al 0 2Si)钛合金进行了恒应变速率压缩变形试验 ,温度范围为 75 0~ 95 0℃ ,应变速率范围为 ε=10 -3 ~ 10s-1,测试了其真应力 真应变曲线 ,观察了变形后的组织。β区热压缩、变形的主要软化机制是动态回复 ,但 ε≤ 10 -2 s-1时 ,变形的过程中有动态再结晶现象发生 ;两相区热压缩 , ε≤10 -2 s-1时 ,变形的主要软化机制是动态回复 , ε≥ 10 -1s-1时变形的主要软化机制是动态再结晶。部分试样变形后的组织中 ,观察到类似“木纹”状的组织 ,这主要是由于不均匀变形造成的  相似文献
2.
金哲  张万明 《稀有金属》2012,36(2):218-223
为了研究用于外科植入生物材料Ti-6Al-7Nb合金的热变形行为,利用Gleeble 2000热模拟实验机对Ti-6Al-7Nb合金在750~900℃温度范围和0.001~10.000 s-1应变速率范围内进行等温热压缩实验,试验在氩气保护下进行,采用金相显微镜和透射电镜观察热变形后的组织;通过计算变形激活能分析Ti-6Al-7Nb合金在热压缩过程中的变形机制。结果表明:流变应力在经历加工硬化阶段后均表现出流变软化现象,在较低应变速率ε=0.001~0.100 s-1时,材料的软化主要受α相动态再结晶影响;而在较高应变速率ε=1~10 s-1时,材料基本不发生再结晶,其软化是由于钛合金在变形过程中的绝热效应造成的。通过Arrhenius方程计算出合金在750,800,850和900℃下的变形激活能分别为209.25,196.01,194.01和130.40 kJ.mol-1;在750~850℃下的激活能接近于α-Ti的自扩散激活能(200 kJ.mol-1),表明在750~850℃的变形由α-Ti自扩散参与的动态再结晶控制;在900℃下激活能略低于β-Ti的自扩散激活能(160 kJ.mol-1),说明在900℃下的变形机制由β相的动态回复控制。综合考虑变形行为与组织细化因素,温度在750~850℃,变形速率在0.01~0.10 s-1范围为良性热加工区域。  相似文献
3.
通过金相显微镜(OM)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)等测试手段,在Gleeble-1500热模拟机上研究了粗晶EW75镁合金热变形行为,变形温度为723 K、应变速率为0.05 s-1,最大变形程度为80%的条件下,根据结果分析了合金高温变形时的真应力-真应变曲线以及不同变形量的显微组织,揭示了合金在变形过程中孔洞产生及消失的机制。结果表明:铸态合金平均晶粒尺寸约为149μm,均匀化后合金平均晶粒尺寸达到197μm左右;真应力-真应变曲线呈现出典型的动态再结晶特征;变形量为40%,原始大晶粒被细小再结晶晶粒包围,呈现典型的"项链"状特征,在局部晶粒交结处出现孔洞,随着变形量的增加,孔洞先长大后变小,当变形量达到80%时,孔洞基本消失愈合,愈合区有细小的再结晶的晶粒,形成明显的愈合带;大尺寸晶粒间的相互协调性能较差是变形出现孔洞的主要原因,随着变形量的增加,再结晶比例的提高带来的变形协调性能增强,孔洞最终被压扁,重新接触的两表面存在较高的能量,最终发生完全动态再结晶是合金孔洞愈合机制。  相似文献
4.
随着精密成形技术的发展,对热锻工艺的要求越来越严格,采用建立材料的物理模型及热加工图这一方法来优化最佳工艺条件,为实现产品的质量精确控制提供了科学保障.通过Gleeble-3800热模拟试验机对20CrMnTiH钢在变形温度为850~1150℃,应变速率为0.01~10 s-1条件下进行等温热压缩试验,研究了20CrMnTiH钢的热压缩变形特性,采用Zener-Hollomon参数法建立了20CrMnTiH钢高温塑性变形的物理模型;并以热压缩试验为基础,绘制了20CrMnTiH钢的三维热加工图并进行分析,确定了该钢的最佳热成形工艺参数.通过流变曲线可以看出,20CrMnTiH钢在热成形过程中发生了明显的动态回复与动态再结晶,流变应力随应变速率的增加而增加,随变形温度的升高而降低;由热加工图分析得到了该钢在试验参数范围内较优的热加工工艺参数,加工温度为900~1025℃,应变速率为0.01~0.2 s-1.  相似文献
5.
Fei Qin  Shuting Wu 《钢铁冶炼》2018,45(6):537-543
The isothermal hot compression tests of 20CrMnTiH steel were carried out by using Gleeble-3500 thermo-simulation-machine at deformation temperatures ranging from 1123 to 1423?K and at strain rates ranging from 0.01 to 1?s?1. The microstructural characteristics after hot compression under various deformation conditions were described with optical microscope and EBSD method, meanwhile the Vickers-hardness (HV) corresponding to the samples was measured. The strain-induced fine and uniform recrystallised grains instead of the original coarse microstructure and higher hardness were obtained with increasing strain rate and decreasing deformation temperature. The average misorientation angle got increased and an intense α-fibre texture was dominated with increasing temperature, and then the angle decreased when the temperature increase to 1423?K. By introducing Zener–Hollomon (Z) parameter, the relationship of recrystallised grain size (D) and HV under different Z values were generated. The relationship of 20CrMnTiH steel recrystallised grain size (D) and HV was formulated based on the analysis of the experimental data, which is in agreement with Hall–Petch relationship.  相似文献
6.
 Direct quenching and tempering (DQ-T) of hot rolled steel section has been widely used in steel mill for the sake of improvement of mechanical properties and energy saving. Temperature history and microstructural evolution during hot-rolling plays a major role on the properties of direct quenched and tempered products. The mathematical and physical modeling of hot forming processes is becoming a very important tool for design and development of required products as well as to predict the microstructure and the properties of the components. These models were mostly applied to predict austenite grain size (AGS), dynamic, meta-dynamic and static recrystallization in the rods immediately after hot rolling and prior to DQ process. In this paper the hot compression tests were carried on 42CrMo4 steel in the temperature range of 900 - 1100°C and the strain rate range of 0.05 - 1 s- 1 in order to study the high temperature softening behavior of the steel. For the exact prediction of flow stress, the effective stress - effective strain curves were obtained from experiments under various conditions. On the basis of experimental results, the dynamic recrystallization fraction (DRX), AGS, hot deformation and activation energy behavior were investigated. It was found that the calculated results were in a good agreement with the experimental flow stress and microstructure of the steel for different conditions of hot deformation.  相似文献
7.
采用了热模拟实验机研究了Al-Cu-Mg-Ag耐热铝合金的热压缩变形行为。实验的温度和应变速率分别为340~500℃,0.001~10 s-1。分别用了本构方程和人工神经网络来对Al-Cu-Mg-Ag合金的流变行为进行了分析和模拟。神经网络的结构是3-20-1;输入参数是温度,应变速率和应变;输出参数是流变应力。结果表明该合金的流变曲线出现加工硬化、过渡、软化和稳态流变这4个阶段,流变应力随着应变速率的增加而增大,随着变形温度的下降而减少。用所建立的神经网络模型预测了变形温度和应变速率对流变应力的影响,预测的结果与热压缩变形的基础理论吻合得很好,而且该模型可以很好地描述Al-Cu-Mg-Ag合金的流变应力,在应变速率为0.001~10 s-1的条件下,其平均相对误差分别为3.68%,3.98%,1.53%,3.53%和2.04%。这表明神经网络的预测性能优良,具有很强的推广能力。同时通过本构方程和神经网络的预测结果比较看出神经网络模型的相关系数比较高,而且神经网络比本构方程有更好的预测性能。神经网络可以预测不同应变下的相应的流变应力,但是本构方程只可以根据不同的应变速率和温度来预测峰值应力。  相似文献
8.
采用Gleeble-1500D热模拟机进行热压缩变性试验,研究7N01铝合金在变形温度为340 ~460℃、应变速率为0.01~ 10.00 s-1条件下的流变应力行为.结果表明:变形温度和应变速率对合金流变应力有显著影响,流变应力随变形温度的升高而降低,随应变速率的增加而升高;合金在低应变速率(0.01,0.10,1.00s-1)时主要为动态回复软化机制,而在高应变速率(10.00 s-1)时出现动态再结晶软化;7N01铝合金的高温流变行为可用Zener-Hollomon参数描述.  相似文献
9.
采用Gleeble-3800热力学模拟试验机对00Cr23Ni4N双相不锈钢进行了高温压缩试验,研究了其在900~1 150℃5、~50 s-1条件下的热变形行为,并利用Sellars双曲正弦模型建立了峰值流变应力与Zener-Hollomon(Z参数)之间的关系。研究结果表明,00Cr23Ni4N双相不锈钢的高温流变应力随变形温度的升高、应变速率的减小显著降低;在变形温度为1 100~1 150℃,材料均表现出良好的热加工性能;通过回归分析,00Cr23Ni4N双相不锈钢的应力指数为2.6,热变形激活能为263.4 kJ/mol,Z参数能较好地描述该钢种的流变行为。  相似文献
10.
 The evolution of eutectic carbide in as-cast M2 high-speed steel on different deforming conditions was investigated. Initially, specimens were deformed by hot compression in the range of 1223 to 1398K at strain rates of 0.01 to 1.0s-1. In a series of continuous deformation tests the flow stress curves were determined for the downstream process simulation. Subsequently, metallographic examination was carried out before and after deformed specimens for carbides analysis. As-cast microstructure is characterized as a spherical matrix of austenite and a continuous network of rodlike or irregular eutectic carbide, whereas deformed microstructure has broken carbide network and smaller granular products on all experimental conditions. It suggests that eutectic carbides fracture to particles during hot deformation by thermomechanical disintegration, while diffusion-controlled phase transformation was not remarkable. Combination with numerical simulation, the relationship between breakdown ratio of carbide network and deforming parameters were concluded. Strain was the most important one to shatter eutectic carbides and disperse products. Furthermore, critical strain values were obtained, beyond which carbide network disappeared, and fractured carbides kept a stable profile and deformed with matrix coordinately. A higher temperature or lower strain rate resulted in a lower critical strain.  相似文献
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