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Mobile computing over intelligent mobile is affecting human’s habits of obtaining information over Internet, especially keyword search. Most of previous keyword search works are mainly focused on traditional web data sources, in which the performance can be improved by adding more computing power and/or building more offline-computed index. However, it is very challenging to apply the traditional keyword search methods to mobile web-based keyword search because mobile computing has many different features, e.g., frequent disconnections, variety of bandwidths, limited power of mobile devices, limited data size to be downloaded, etc.. To address this challenge, in this paper we design an adaptive mobile-based XML keyword search approach, called XBridge-Mobile, that can derive the semantics of a keyword query and generate a set of effective structured patterns by analyzing the given keyword query and the schemas of XML data sources. Each structured pattern represents one of user’s possible search intentions. The patterns will be firstly sent to the mobile client from web server. And then, the mobile client can select some interested patterns to load the results. By doing this, we can reduce the communication cost a lot between web server and mobile client because only the derived patterns and a few results need to be transferred, not all the keyword search results, by which we can save lots of expenses when the downloaded data is priced. In addition, we can economically maintain the frequent structured pattern queries in the mobile device, which can further reduce the expense of downloading data. At last, we analyze and propose a ranking function to measure the quality of keyword search results, design a set of algorithms to optimize mobile keyword search based on the maintained structured patterns, and present the experimental study of XBridge-Mobile with real XML datasets.  相似文献
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Online trip planning is a popular service that has facilitated a lot of people greatly. However, little attention has been paid to personalized trip planning which is even more useful. In this paper, we define a highly expressive personalized route planning query-the Personalized and Sequenced Route (PSR) Query which considers both personalization and sequenced constraint, and propose a novel framework to deal with the query. The framework consists of three phases: guessing, crossover and refinement. The guessing phase strives to obtain one high quality route as the baseline to bound the search space into a circular region. The crossover phase heuristically improve the quality of multiple guessed routes via a modified genetic algorithm, which further narrows the radius of the search space. The refinement phase backwardly examines each candidate point and partial route to rule out impossible ones. The combination of these phases can efficiently and effectively narrow our search space via a few iterations. In the experiment part, we firstly show our evaluation results of each phase separately, proving the effectiveness of each phase. Then, we present the evaluation results of the combination of them, which offers insight into the merits of the proposed framework.  相似文献
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目的 海洋涡旋识别研究已成为物理海洋领域的研究热点之一。传统的海洋涡旋识别算法多是基于物理参数法、流场几何特征法以及两种方法的混合,通过设置统一的阈值对海洋涡旋进行识别。在特定环境的海域中,传统算法的识别效果较好。但引起海洋涡旋生成的环境复杂多变且具有快速运动的特性,导致其具有快速连续变化的特点,依赖专家经验进行单一阈值设置的方法存在显著的主观性和不确定性,通常会导致海洋涡旋的漏判和错判,缺乏通用性。针对以上问题,为构建具有泛化能力的海洋涡旋自动识别方法,兼顾考虑海洋涡旋的全局和局部特征,提出一种复杂环境下海洋涡旋多特征融合识别方法。方法 首先通过数据预处理对数据集进行扩充;其次提取海洋涡旋的纹理特征(GLCM)、傅里叶描述子(FD)和Harris角点特征;接着将提取的GLCM特征进行均值化,并通过主成分分析法(PCA)对FD描述子和Harris角点特征进行降维;然后将处理后的特征向量进行串行融合;最后通过分类器完成对海洋涡旋的识别。结果 实验结果表明,提出的多特征融合方法的识别率高于单一特征方法的识别率,采用DT分类算法的识别精度最高,达86.904 5%;本文方法中采用PCA降维能有效提高识别精度,FD特征经PCA降维后,识别精度从83.906 0%提高到86.904 5%,Harris特征经PCA降维后,识别精度从84.009 7%提高到85.354 7%;且对于形态多样的海洋涡旋具有良好的鲁棒性。结论 本文融合了基于SAR影像海洋涡旋的3种特征信息,包括GLCM、FD和Harris角点特征,有效克服了阈值选取以及单一特征的不足,提高了基于SAR影像海洋涡旋的识别率,本文方法适用于复杂环境下的海洋涡旋识别。  相似文献
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区块链是一种随着比特币等加密货币而兴起的一种类似于非关系型的分布式存储数据库,本文利用区块链分布式存储、去信任化和不可篡改的特性设计了一个基于区块链技术的防伪溯源系统(Traceability System Using Public and Private Blockchain,TSPPB)。TSPPB使用公有链和私有链两套区块链,该溯源系统能够确保获得的溯源信息的真实可靠不可篡改并解决传统产品溯源系统存在的产品标签复制、滥发和产品质量问题相关责任人及问题环节定位困难的问题。在确保溯源信息安全性并解决传统溯源系统隐患的同时,TSPPB还能够高效且保持低成本的运行。  相似文献
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目的 针对视觉目标跟踪(video object tracking,VOT)和视频对象分割(video object segmentation,VOS)问题,研究人员提出了多个多任务处理框架,但是该类框架的精确度和鲁棒性较差。针对此问题,本文提出一个融合多尺度上下文信息和视频帧间信息的实时视觉目标跟踪与视频对象分割多任务的端到端框架。方法 文中提出的架构使用了由空洞深度可分离卷积组成的更加多尺度的空洞空间金字塔池化模块,以及具备帧间信息的帧间掩模传播模块,使得网络对多尺度目标对象分割能力更强,同时具备更好的鲁棒性。结果 本文方法在视觉目标跟踪VOT-2016和VOT-2018数据集上的期望平均重叠率(expected average overlap,EAO)分别达到了0.462和0.408,分别比SiamMask高了0.029和0.028,达到了最先进的结果,并且表现出更好的鲁棒性。在视频对象分割DAVIS(densely annotated video segmentation)-2016和DAVIS-2017数据集上也取得了有竞争力的结果。其中,在多目标对象分割DAVIS-2017数据集上,本文方法比SiamMask有更好的性能表现,区域相似度的杰卡德系数的平均值JM和轮廓精确度的F度量的平均值FM分别达到了56.0和59.0,并且区域和轮廓的衰变值JDFD都比SiamMask中的低,分别为17.9和19.8。同时运行速度为45帧/s,达到了实时的运行速度。结论 文中提出的融合多尺度上下文信息和视频帧间信息的实时视觉目标跟踪与视频对象分割多任务的端到端框架,充分捕捉了多尺度上下文信息并且利用了视频帧间的信息,使得网络对多尺度目标对象分割能力更强的同时具备更好的鲁棒性。  相似文献
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