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1.
Automatic partitioning of full-motion video   总被引:92,自引:0,他引:92  
Partitioning a video source into meaningful segments is an important step for video indexing. We present a comprehensive study of a partitioning system that detects segment boundaries. The system is based on a set of difference metrics and it measures the content changes between video frames. A twin-comparison approach has been developed to solve the problem of detecting transitions implemented by special effects. To eliminate the false interpretation of camera movements as transitions, a motion analysis algorithm is applied to determine whether an actual transition has occurred. A technique for determining the threshold for a difference metric and a multi-pass approach to improve the computation speed and accuracy have also been developed.  相似文献
2.
Asymptotic behaviors of support vector machines with Gaussian kernel   总被引:80,自引:0,他引:80  
Keerthi SS  Lin CJ 《Neural computation》2003,15(7):1667-1689
Support vector machines (SVMs) with the gaussian (RBF) kernel have been popular for practical use. Model selection in this class of SVMs involves two hyperparameters: the penalty parameter C and the kernel width sigma. This letter analyzes the behavior of the SVM classifier when these hyperparameters take very small or very large values. Our results help in understanding the hyperparameter space that leads to an efficient heuristic method of searching for hyperparameter values with small generalization errors. The analysis also indicates that if complete model selection using the gaussian kernel has been conducted, there is no need to consider linear SVM.  相似文献
3.
Non-singular terminal sliding mode control of rigid manipulators   总被引:36,自引:0,他引:36  
Yong  Xinghuo  Zhihong 《Automatica》2002,38(12):2159-2167
This paper presents a global non-singular terminal sliding mode controller for rigid manipulators. A new terminal sliding mode manifold is first proposed for the second-order system to enable the elimination of the singularity problem associated with conventional terminal sliding mode control. The time taken to reach the equilibrium point from any initial state is guaranteed to be finite time. The proposed terminal sliding mode controller is then applied to the control of n-link rigid manipulators. Simulation results are presented to validate the analysis.  相似文献
4.
In this paper we give a new fast iterative algorithm for support vector machine (SVM) classifier design. The basic problem treated is one that does not allow classification violations. The problem is converted to a problem of computing the nearest point between two convex polytopes. The suitability of two classical nearest point algorithms, due to Gilbert, and Mitchell et al., is studied. Ideas from both these algorithms are combined and modified to derive our fast algorithm. For problems which require classification violations to be allowed, the violations are quadratically penalized and an idea due to Cortes and Vapnik and Friess is used to convert it to a problem in which there are no classification violations. Comparative computational evaluation of our algorithm against powerful SVM methods such as Platt's sequential minimal optimization shows that our algorithm is very competitive.  相似文献
5.
Example-based learning for view-based human face detection   总被引:34,自引:0,他引:34  
We present an example-based learning approach for locating vertical frontal views of human faces in complex scenes. The technique models the distribution of human face patterns by means of a few view-based “face” and “nonface” model clusters. At each image location, a difference feature vector is computed between the local image pattern and the distribution-based model. A trained classifier determines, based on the difference feature vector measurements, whether or not a human face exists at the current image location. We show empirically that the distance metric we adopt for computing difference feature vectors, and the “nonface” clusters we include in our distribution-based model, are both critical for the success of our system  相似文献
6.
Convergence of a Generalized SMO Algorithm for SVM Classifier Design   总被引:32,自引:0,他引:32  
Convergence of a generalized version of the modified SMO algorithms given by Keerthi et al. for SVM classifier design is proved. The convergence results are also extended to modified SMO algorithms for solving -SVM classifier problems.  相似文献
7.
Practical protocols for certified electronic mail   总被引:31,自引:0,他引:31  
Electronic mail, or e-mail, has brought us a big step closer towards the vision of paperless offices. To advance even closer to this vision, however, it is essential that existing e-mail systems be enhanced with value-added services which are capable of replacing many of the human procedures established in pen and paper communications. One of the most important and desirable such services is certified e-mail delivery, in which the intended recipient will get the mail content if and only if the mail originator receives an irrefutable proof-of-delivery from the recipient. In this paper, we present the design of two third-party based certified mail protocols, termed CMP1 and CMP2. Both protocols are designed for integration into existing standard e-mail systems and both satisfy the requirements ofnonrepudiation of origin, nonrepudiation of delivery, and fairness. The difference between CMP1 and CMP2 is that the former provides no mail content confidentiality protection while the latter provides such a protection. Moreover, security of the protocols are analyzed using a recently proposed accountability framework.  相似文献
8.
Face recognition with radial basis function (RBF) neural networks   总被引:30,自引:0,他引:30  
A general and efficient design approach using a radial basis function (RBF) neural classifier to cope with small training sets of high dimension, which is a problem frequently encountered in face recognition, is presented. In order to avoid overfitting and reduce the computational burden, face features are first extracted by the principal component analysis (PCA) method. Then, the resulting features are further processed by the Fisher's linear discriminant (FLD) technique to acquire lower-dimensional discriminant patterns. A novel paradigm is proposed whereby data information is encapsulated in determining the structure and initial parameters of the RBF neural classifier before learning takes place. A hybrid learning algorithm is used to train the RBF neural networks so that the dimension of the search space is drastically reduced in the gradient paradigm. Simulation results conducted on the ORL database show that the system achieves excellent performance both in terms of error rates of classification and learning efficiency.  相似文献
9.
An overview of audio information retrieval   总被引:27,自引:0,他引:27  
The problem of audio information retrieval is familiar to anyone who has returned from vacation to find an answering machine full of messages. While there is not yet an “AltaVista” for the audio data type, many workers are finding ways to automatically locate, index, and browse audio using recent advances in speech recognition and machine listening. This paper reviews the state of the art in audio information retrieval, and presents recent advances in automatic speech recognition, word spotting, speaker and music identification, and audio similarity with a view towards making audio less “opaque”. A special section addresses intelligent interfaces for navigating and browsing audio and multimedia documents, using automatically derived information to go beyond the tape recorder metaphor.  相似文献
10.
Financial Forecasting Using Support Vector Machines   总被引:25,自引:0,他引:25  
The use of Support Vector Machines (SVMs) is studied in financial forecasting by comparing it with a multi-layer perceptron trained by the Back Propagation (BP) algorithm. SVMs forecast better than BP based on the criteria of Normalised Mean Square Error (NMSE), Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Directional Symmetry (DS), Correct Up (CP) trend and Correct Down (CD) trend. S&P 500 daily price index is used as the data set. Since there is no structured way to choose the free parameters of SVMs, the generalisation error with respect to the free parameters of SVMs is investigated in this experiment. As illustrated in the experiment, they have little impact on the solution. Analysis of the experimental results demonstrates that it is advantageous to apply SVMs to forecast the financial time series.  相似文献
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