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2.
Accurate on-line support vector regression   总被引:31,自引:0,他引:31  
Ma J  Theiler J  Perkins S 《Neural computation》2003,15(11):2683-2703
Batch implementations of support vector regression (SVR) are inefficient when used in an on-line setting because they must be retrained from scratch every time the training set is modified. Following an incremental support vector classification algorithm introduced by Cauwenberghs and Poggio (2001), we have developed an accurate on-line support vector regression (AOSVR) that efficiently updates a trained SVR function whenever a sample is added to or removed from the training set. The updated SVR function is identical to that produced by a batch algorithm. Applications of AOSVR in both on-line and cross-validation scenarios are presented. In both scenarios, numerical experiments indicate that AOSVR is faster than batch SVR algorithms with both cold and warm start.  相似文献
3.
Learning Low-Level Vision   总被引:29,自引:5,他引:24  
We describe a learning-based method for low-level vision problems—estimating scenes from images. We generate a synthetic world of scenes and their corresponding rendered images, modeling their relationships with a Markov network. Bayesian belief propagation allows us to efficiently find a local maximum of the posterior probability for the scene, given an image. We call this approach VISTA—Vision by Image/Scene TrAining.We apply VISTA to the super-resolution problem (estimating high frequency details from a low-resolution image), showing good results. To illustrate the potential breadth of the technique, we also apply it in two other problem domains, both simplified. We learn to distinguish shading from reflectance variations in a single image under particular lighting conditions. For the motion estimation problem in a blobs world, we show figure/ground discrimination, solution of the aperture problem, and filling-in arising from application of the same probabilistic machinery.  相似文献
4.
The robust measurement of visual motion from digitized image sequences has been an important but difficult problem in computer vision. This paper describes a hierarchical computational framework for the determination of dense displacement fields from a pair of images, and an algorithm consistent with that framework. Our framework is based on a scale-based separation of the image intensity information and the process of measuring motion. The large-scale intensity information is first used to obtain rough estimates of image motion, which are then refined by using intensity information at smaller scales. The estimates are in the form of displacement (or velocity) vectors for pixels and are accompanied by a direction-dependent confidence measure. A smoothness constraint is employed to propagate measurements with high confidence to neighboring areas where the confidences are low. At all levels, the computations are pixel-parallel, uniform across the image, and based on information from a small neighborhood of a pixel. Results of applying our algorithm to pairs of real images are included. In addition to our own matching algorithm, we also show that two different hierarchical gradient-based algorithms are consistent with our framework.  相似文献
5.
土地利用动态遥感监测中变化信息提取方法的研究   总被引:25,自引:2,他引:23  
刘鹰 《遥感信息》1999,(4):21-24,28
本文讨论了土地利用动态遥感监测中变化信息提取的常用方法,探讨了不同数据源对方法选择的影响,本文最后结合具体的试验项目给出了变化信息提取的一般性结论。  相似文献
6.
Knowledge-based artificial neural networks   总被引:24,自引:0,他引:24  
Hybrid learning methods use theoretical knowledge of a domain and a set of classified examples to develop a method for accurately classifying examples not seen during training. The challenge of hybrid learning systems is to use the information provided by one source of information to offset information missing from the other source. By so doing, a hybrid learning system should learn more effectively than systems that use only one of the information sources. KBANN (Knowledge-Based Artificial Neural Networks) is a hybrid learning system built on top of connectionist learning techniques. It maps problem-specific “domain theories”, represented in propositional logic, into neural networks and then refines this reformulated knowledge using backpropagation. KBANN is evaluated by extensive empirical tests on two problems from molecular biology. Among other results, these tests show that the networks created by KBANN generalize better than a wide variety of learning systems, as well as several techniques proposed by biologists.  相似文献
7.
关于模糊PID控制器推理机维数的研究   总被引:21,自引:1,他引:20       下载免费PDF全文
对一维(1D)至三维(3D)模糊PID控制器进行了系统的分析研究,提出了四项系 统功能特性指标来评价不同结构的控制器;这包括控制分量合成,耦合影响,增益相关和规则 增长.通过对最常见的二维Mamdani模糊控制器进行分析研究,发现该控制器存在功能缺 陷.为此,提出了最优结构的一维模糊PID控制器.该控制器采用了"1D-3D"映射关系的模糊 推理机,从而实现了三个控制分量可以独立不相关的调整功能.通过与二维和三维控制器比 较结果表明,一维控制器具有最佳系统功能特性.  相似文献
8.
A Unified Model for Spatial and Temporal Information   总被引:20,自引:0,他引:20  
Worboys  M. F. 《Computer Journal》1994,37(1):26-34
9.
Analysis of direct action fuzzy PID controller structures   总被引:17,自引:0,他引:17  
The majority of the research work on fuzzy PID controllers focuses on the conventional two-input PI or PD type controller proposed by Mamdani (1974). However, fuzzy PID controller design is still a complex task due to the involvement of a large number of parameters in defining the fuzzy rule base. This paper investigates different fuzzy PID controller structures, including the Mamdani-type controller. By expressing the fuzzy rules in different forms, each PLD structure is distinctly identified. For purpose of analysis, a linear-like fuzzy controller is defined. A simple analytical procedure is developed to deduce the closed form solution for a three-input fuzzy inference. This solution is used to identify the fuzzy PID action of each structure type in the dissociated form. The solution for single-input-single-output nonlinear fuzzy inferences illustrates the effect of nonlinearity tuning. The design of a fuzzy PID controller is then treated as a two-level tuning problem. The first level tunes the nonlinear PID gains and the second level tunes the linear gains, including scale factors of fuzzy variables. By assigning a minimum number of rules to each type, the linear and nonlinear gains are deduced and explicitly presented. The tuning characteristics of different fuzzy PID structures are evaluated with respect to their functional behaviors. The rule decoupled and one-input rule structures proposed in this paper provide greater flexibility and better functional properties than the conventional fuzzy PHD structures.  相似文献
10.
Design and Control of Autonomous Underwater Robots: A Survey   总被引:17,自引:0,他引:17  
During the 1990s, numerous worldwide research and development activities have occurred in underwater robotics, especially in the area of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). As the ocean attracts great attention on environmental issues and resources as well as scientific and military tasks, the need for and use of underwater robotic systems has become more apparent. Great efforts have been made in developing AUVs to overcome challenging scientific and engineering problems caused by the unstructured and hazardous ocean environment. In the 1990s, about 30 new AUVs have been built worldwide. With the development of new materials, advanced computing and sensory technology, as well as theoretical advancements, R&D activities in the AUV community have increased. However, this is just the beginning for more advanced, yet practical and reliable AUVs. This paper surveys some key areas in current state-of-the-art underwater robotic technologies. It is by no means a complete survey but provides key references for future development. The new millennium will bring advancements in technology that will enable the development of more practical, reliable AUVs.  相似文献
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