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1.
This paper proposes a novel pixel circuit for high resolution, high frame rate, and low power AMOLED displays that is implemented with one driving n-channel TFT, six switching n-channel poly-Si TFTs, and a storage capacitor. The proposed pixel circuit adopts the voltage programming scheme for threshold voltage compensation. Because the whole line time is in use only for charging the data voltage, this pixel circuit is applicable to high resolution and frame rate displays. In addition, it compensates voltage variation of OLEDs and voltage drop of supply lines at lower power consumption. On the average, the non-uniformity of a proposed circuit is reduced to 2.5%, compared to 7.1% of the previous one at a 240 Hz full-HD display. On the other hand, the compensation voltage error, which is caused by feed-through and charge injection noises from falling control signals of switching TFTs, is much less in the proposed scheme than in the previous 5T2C structure. The average error of the proposed circuit is reduced to 0.18 V, compared to 0.75 V of the previous one. The initialization power consumption of the 7T1C circuit is reduced to 98 mW, compared to 530 mW of the 5T2C circuit and the average dynamic power saving ratio of data drivers is estimated in the 7T1C pixel as 98.7% over the 5T2C one for 24 test images.  相似文献
2.
A foldable active‐matrix organic light‐emitting diode display capable of enduring very severe folding and environmental impact was obtained using symmetric panel stacking with an innovative design of color filter structure. The display was subjected to in situ folding cycle under an ambient test condition of 60°C/90% relative humidity, and no performance degradation was found for the display and the touch function during and after the test. In addition, 95% coverage of BT.2020 color space was obtained without additional power consumption compared with that of the panel with National Television System Committee (NTSC) color space.  相似文献
3.
We present a qHD (960 × 540 with three sub‐pixels) top‐emitting active‐matrix organic light‐emitting diode display with a 340‐ppi resolution using a self‐aligned IGZO thin‐film transistor backplane on polyimide foil with a humidity barrier. The back plane process flow is based on a seven‐layer photolithography process with a CD = 4 μm. We implement a 2T1C pixel engine and use a commercial source driver IC made for low‐temperature polycrystalline silicon. By using an IGZO thin‐film transistor and leveraging the extremely low off current, we can switch off the power to the source and gate driver while maintaining the image unchanged for several minutes. We demonstrate that, depending on the image content, low‐refresh operation yields reduction in power consumption of up to 50% compared with normal (continuous) operation. We show that with the further increase in resolution, the power saving through state retention will be even more significant.  相似文献
4.
In this work, we report a freeform shaped active‐matrix organic light‐emitting diode (AMOLED) display based on low‐temperature polycrystalline silicon technology. It was found that our AMOLED, developed with a unique pixel structure, can withstand in various desired shapes featuring its stretchable property with no degradation of image quality and device characteristics. We demonstrated unprecedented convex/concave shape of the 9.1‐inch AMOLED display by low‐temperature thermoforming process. The AMOLED display with freeform design is promising for future display applications such as automotive, Internet of things devices, and wearable electronics.  相似文献
5.
In this paper, an RGB‐to‐RGBG conversion algorithm based on the weighting factor (WF) has been proposed. The gray level of each RGBG sub‐pixel is represented by the weighted sum of the original gray levels. The weighting factors are adaptively calculated by minimizing the square error. Furthermore, the color fringing artifact is significantly improved by using this method. Peak signal‐to‐noise ratio of U component and peak signal‐to‐noise ratio of V component of the image processed by WF is larger than that processed by direct assignment and FRB. The mean square error of the image processed by the WF is 14% and 53% smaller than that of image processed by direct assignment and FRB, respectively. The proposed algorithm has been implemented on a field‐programmable gate array, and the displayed image has good visual effect.  相似文献
6.
In this paper, we propose an external feedback method to compensate the device variation for active‐matrix organic light‐emitting diode. The pixel data current is controlled by ramping the gate voltage and converted to the sensed voltage Vsense in real time. When Vsense is equal to a preset voltage Vdata, the switching block outputs the low potential to stop the ramping. Therefore, the gate voltage is locked at the value corresponding to the target data current. This circuit is implemented with three thin‐film transistors in the active area and some functional blocks in driver integrated circuit (IC), namely, sentinel block, current‐voltage converting block, and switching block. Unlike the other usual methods of external compensation requiring double number of connections between driver IC and glass, by using the common ramping signal and a simple circuit made on glass, the proposed method can be implemented with only one pin per column.  相似文献
7.
A robust methodology is established to predict the critical bending radius of a flexible AMOLED. According to the methodology, the critical bending radius of display manufactured by the same process could be reduced from 7 mm to 4 mm by modulating the layer stack thickness.  相似文献
8.
A selective current limit algorithm based on color space conversion is proposed in this paper. There are mainly two advantages for this algorithm. Firstly, only the luminance component Y is decreased, and the color component Cb or Cr is not changed; thus, the color distortion is avoided in the process of current limit. Secondly, the current of pixels with high luminance is limited while that of those pixels with low luminance is not, which means current limit is executed selectively. For the same value of mean square error, the simulation results show that the ratio of pixels with high luminance of the image processed by the proposed algorithm is zero, and that processed by the net power control and the algorithm based on color space conversion is 0.081 and 0.0854, respectively. This algorithm is implemented on a field‐programmable gate array to drive the image display on the AMOLED panel.  相似文献
9.
The feasibility of digital driving has been investigated, which may be an enabling technology for low‐cost, power‐efficient and high‐quality active matrix organic light emitting diodes displays (AMOLED displays). The theoretical requirements therefore are analyzed. Methods for avoiding imaging artifacts are proposed. Results based on two prototypes are presented showing that digital drive is feasible for state‐of‐the‐art manufacturing technology with comparable image quality to analog‐driven AMOLED displays but at lower power consumption and lower production cost.  相似文献
10.
An 8‐in. flexible active‐matrix organic light‐emitting diode (AMOLED) display driven by oxide thin‐film transistors (TFTs) has been developed. In‐Ga‐Zn‐O (IGZO)‐TFTs used as driving devices were fabricated directly on a plastic film at a low temperature below 200 °C. To form a SiOx layer for use as the gate insulator of the TFTs, direct current pulse sputtering was used for the deposition at a low temperature. The fabricated TFT shows a good transfer characteristic and enough carrier mobility to drive OLED displays with Video Graphic Array pixels. A solution‐processable photo‐sensitive polymer was also used as a passivation layer of the TFTs. Furthermore, a high‐performance phosphorescent OLED was developed as a red‐light‐emitting device. Both lower power consumption and longer lifetime were achieved in the OLED, which used an efficient energy transfer from the host material to the guest material in the emission layer. By assembling these technologies, a flexible AMOLED display was fabricated on the plastic film. We obtained a clear and uniform moving color image on the display.  相似文献
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