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1.
Diffusion coefficients D of H 2 , He, O 2 , N 2 , and CO 2 in different rubbery amorphous polymeric matrices were estimated by atomistic molecular dynamics simulations at 298 K using the Einstein relationship, and compared with the relevant experimental values, where available. The simulated diffusion coefficients D of all the gases in all polymers considered almost regularly decreased with increasing molecular gas volumes and increasing polymer glass transition temperature. Further, solubility coefficients and heats of solution were obtained for all gases from Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulations, which were also used to calculate sorption isotherms. In general, there is a good agreement between experimental and simulated values of diffusion and solubility coefficients for all gases considered.  相似文献   
2.
Thermal decomposition of C60H2 in C6D4Cl2 solution at 236°C for 2 hours was shown to produce hydrogen as a product, the hydrogen production was successfully followed by NMR. In order to further explore the rule of thermal decomposition of C60H2, the dynamics of decomposition reaction was studied and the results showed this decomposition reaction accorded with first order reaction dynamical equation. The experiment temperature was ranged separately in 459K, 455K, 451K, and 446K.  相似文献   
3.
针对通用工业机器人电气控制柜(简称电柜)热特性、噪声问题,采用Fluent建立了电气控制柜的热流场仿真模型,基于质量加权平均法将电柜内多材料构成的电子器件等效为单一材料的电子器件。同时建立了机器人电柜的热环境防护设计流程且通过试验验证了其有效性。利用计算流体力学(CFD)方法分析了电柜热流场特性,结果表明:强制风扇冷却中鼓风冷却方式的冷却效果优于抽风冷却方式;当风扇风速提高后,电柜内各热源的温度持续降低但其整机辐射噪声增大,即存在降温效果和噪声辐射最佳的风扇风速区。  相似文献   
4.
固液耦合效果对柱塞泵运动学与动力学特性影响很大。利用有限元分析软件,建立柱塞泵刚柔耦合模型,在此基础上建立其固液耦合虚拟样机模型。仿真研究斜盘倾角、主轴转速对柱塞泵运动学和动力学特性的影响,以及柱塞腔内压力变化规律。结果表明:泵的出口流量及压力脉动幅值随斜盘倾角的增大而增大;柱塞加速度与主轴转速的平方呈正比,造成柱塞泵受到的液压冲击力急剧增大。研究结果为柱塞泵性能的深入分析提供了参考。  相似文献   
5.
肖爽  孙文磊  樊军 《机床与液压》2020,48(1):141-145
针对工业机械臂进行动力学分析的常用方法是利用Lagrange方程进行动力学建模后再实行仿真计算。利用Pieper准则,将五自由度工业机械臂动力学方程展开式简化,即将腕部与手抓部的关节视为外部干扰,只针对前三关节进行动力学分析;提出一种针对简化后的模型利用开源引擎ODE完成机械臂动力学计算;在建立的机械臂三维仿真平台上利用ODE进行仿真的方法。仿真结果表明:该仿真方法不仅可实现机械臂的实时控制,还能得到机械臂动力学参数曲线图。为解决机械臂动力学仿真中效率低和实时性差的问题提供了理论依据。  相似文献   
6.
胡勇  王珏  凌明祥 《机床与液压》2014,42(7):122-124
考虑两自由度摇摆台内、外平台的耦合效应以及负载偏心造成的偏载力矩对驱动系统的影响,采用齐次变换方法建立了两自由度摇摆台的动力学模型。驱动系统采用齿轮齿条液压缸,考虑齿条间隙、液压流量非线性等影响,对液压伺服系统进行了仿真分析。仿真结果为驱动、控制系统的设计提供了参考依据。  相似文献   
7.
该文通过建立推动器三维数学模型,采用MRF模型定义其转动、RNG k-ε模型模拟流场湍流变化的方法对水下推动器作用下的氧化沟流场进行了三维数值模拟,并用充足的实测数据对模拟结果进行验证.模拟值与实测数据吻合良好,表明该数学模型能较为准确有效地模拟出推动器作用下氧化沟流速的分布及三维流场的沿程变化情况.  相似文献   
8.
In the latest years the wind energy sector experienced an exponential growth all over the world. What started as a deployment of onshore projects, soon moved to offshore and, more recently to the urban environment within the context of smart cities and renewable micro-generation. However, urban wind projects using micro turbines do not have enough profit margins to enable the setup of comprehensive and expensive measurement campaigns, a standard procedure for the deployment of large wind parks. To respond to the wind assessment needs of the future smart cities a new and simple methodology for urban wind resource assessment was developed. This methodology is based on the construction of a surface involving a built area in order to estimate the wind potential by treating it as very complex orography. This is a straightforward methodology that allows estimating the sustainable urban wind potential, being suitable to map the urban wind resource in large areas. The methodology was applied to a case study and the results enabled the wind potential assessment of a large urban area being consistent with experimental data obtained in the case study area, with maximum deviations of the order of 10% (mean wind speed) and 20% (power density).  相似文献   
9.
Local and temporal variations of the particle cloud formed in a cylindrical mixing vessel were investigated experimentally. Different particle sizes (0.5, 1, and 2 mm) and volumetric concentration up to 20 vol % were evaluated at different impeller speeds. The time‐averaged cloud height was linear with impeller frequency and with volume concentration. Suspensions with larger particles had a lower average cloud height, while the standard deviation for the temporal cloud height variation was larger. Two strong periodic phenomena were identified to be dominating the particle cloud height variations. The frequencies were linear with impeller speed, resulting in dimensionless frequencies of S1=0.02–0.03 and S2=0.05–0.06. The frequencies were affected by neither the particle size nor the volumetric concentration. The amplitude showed no dependency on the particle size, but the S2 amplitude significantly decreases and S1 increases with increasing solid concentration. The results were compared to LES/discrete element method simulations and showed a fair agreement. © 2015 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 62: 338–348, 2016  相似文献   
10.
Chatter is one of the most limiting factors in improving machining performances. Stability Lobe Diagram (SLD) is the most used tool to select optimal stable cutting parameters in order to avoid chatter occurrence. Its prediction is affected by reliability of input data such as machine tool dynamics or cutting coefficients that are difficult to be evaluated accurately, especially at high speed.This paper presents a novel approach to experimentally evaluate SLD without requiring specific knowledge of the process; this approach is called here Spindle Speed Ramp-up (SSR) test. During this test spindle speed is ramped up, and chatter occurrence is detected by the Order Analysis technique. As result one single test ensures optimal spindle speed identification at one cutting condition, while if few tests are performed the entire SLD could be obtained. Results of the method applied to slotting operation on aluminum are provided and a comparison between different measurements devices is presented. This quick, easy-to-use and efficient test is suitable for industrial application: no knowledge of the process is required, different sensors can be used such as accelerometer, dynamometer or microphone.  相似文献   
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