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1.
运动视频对象分割的一种快速算法   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14  
为了能够实时地对运动视频对象进行分割,提出了一种对视频序列图象中的运动对象进行快速分割提取的算法,该算法首先对图象进行滤波,并求出连续两帧图象之间的差分,然后应用“同化填充”技术和基于对象的“整体运动估计”来对差分图象进行修正,进而得到对象模板,同时利用模板缓冲区的帧间迭代来维持模板的完整性,该算法不仅不依赖于固定背景,而且能够消除差分图中的显露背景,还能得到运动目标较为精确的形状,并且算法简单,快速,鲁棒性好。  相似文献
2.
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大气、海洋数据同化系统的完善和发展,促进了陆面数据同化系统的研究。本世纪初,随着北美(全球)陆面数据同化系统的建立,利用卫星、雷达数据同化地表土壤水分、地表温度、能量通量等工作正逐步展开。与此同时,陆面数据同化的研究也已经成为当前陆面过程和水文过程研究的热点。以北美(全球)陆面数据同化系统、欧洲陆面数据同化系统、中国西部陆面数据同化系统为例,对当前陆面数据同化系统的基本框架作了详细介绍;并指出了当前陆面数据同化系统发展中有待解决的若干问题。  相似文献
3.
SUSAN算子在苹果图像缺陷分割中的应用研究   总被引:8,自引:1,他引:7  
赵志华  蔡健荣  赵杰文  刘木华 《计算机工程》2004,30(15):141-142,194
该文介绍一种新的分割算法——SUSAN算子。SUSAN算子是一种基于图像局部灰度特征的算法,利用一个圆形的模板对图像进行扫描,比较模板内部的点与模板中心点的灰度值,如果灰度差值小于一定的阈值,就认为该点与中心点的灰度相同。统计模板内部与中心点灰度相同的点的个数,与一个阈值进行比较,判断该点是否属于某个区域的边缘点,从而实现对图像的分割。应用SUSAN算子对苹果图像的缺陷区域进行分割,可以快速准确地分割出苹果图像上轻微的损伤。经过对100幅图像的检验测试,得出分割准确率为96%。  相似文献
4.
This study presents a method to assimilate leaf area index retrieved from ENVISAT ASAR and MERIS data into CERES-Wheat crop growth model with the objective to improve the accuracy of the wheat yield predictions at catchment scale. The assimilation method consists in re-initialising the model with optimal input parameters allowing a better temporal agreement between the LAI simulated by the model and the LAI estimated by remote sensing data. A variational assimilation algorithm has been applied to minimise the difference between simulated and remotely-sensed LAI and to determine the optimal set of input parameters. After the re-initialisation, the wheat yield maps have been obtained and their accuracy evaluated.The method has been applied over Matera site located in Southern Italy and validated by using the dataset of an experimental campaign carried out during the 2004 wheat growing season.Results indicate that, LAI maps retrieved from MERIS and ASAR data can be effectively assimilated into CERES-Wheat model thus leading to accuracies of the yield maps ranging from 360 kg/ha to 420 kg/ha.  相似文献
5.
Proper estimation of initial state variables and model parameters are vital importance for determining the accuracy of numerical model prediction. In this work, we develop a one-dimensional land data assimilation scheme based on ensemble Kalman filter and Common Land Model version 3.0 (CoLM). This scheme is used to improve the estimation of soil temperature profile. The leaf area index (LAI) is also updated dynamically by MODIS LAI production and the MODIS land surface temperature (LST) products are assimilated into CoLM. The scheme was tested and validated by observations from four automatic weather stations (BTS, DRS, MGS, and DGS) in Mongolian Reference Site of CEOP during the period of October 1, 2002 to September 30, 2003. Results indicate that data assimilation improves the estimation of soil temperature profile about 1 K. In comparison with simulation, the assimilation results of soil heat fluxes also have much improvement about 13 W m− 2 at BTS and DGS and 2 W m− 2 at DRS and MGS, respectively. In addition, assimilation of MODIS land products into land surface model is a practical and effective way to improve the estimation of land surface variables and fluxes.  相似文献
6.
一种复杂背景中的人脸检测与验证方法   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
设计了一种复杂背景中的人脸检测与验证方法。在预处理部分该方法使用了线性光照拟合的预处理方法以减轻光照的影响。在检测过程中该方法引入了一种 3× 3的划分方式 ,该划分方式下根据人脸器官的灰度分布特性设计了相应的检测规则 ,并结合改进后的 4× 4划分方式下的人脸检测规则构成了最终的人脸检测规则。经过人脸检测过程后 ,对所得的结果使用具有良好抗噪声性能的最小同值分割吸收核区 (Smallest univalue seg-mentassimilating nucleus,SUSAN)方法进行检测结果验证 ,进一步增强了系统的整体性能。最后通过复杂背景下的人脸图片以及叠加噪声后的人脸图片的检测结果说明该方法具有较高的检测率及良好的抗噪声性能。  相似文献
7.
欧洲陆面数据同化系统组成,系统设计和原理简介   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
随着技术的进步,地球系统科学的发展,地——气系统的复杂性的进一步研究,对地表物理场精度的需求越来越高。而观测和模拟作为获得地表数据的两种基本手段,由于其各自的局限性,其精度已经不能满足进一步研究的需求,在这样的背景下,陆面数据同化系统逐步发展起来。本文主要介绍了世界主要的陆面数据同化系统之一——欧洲陆面数据同化系统。此系统采用的强迫数据是根据欧洲的实际情况由欧洲中心自行生产的一套数据,同时在欧洲不同的机构它们采用了不同的陆面过程作为欧洲陆面数据同化系统的核心,它们还将卡尔曼滤波和变分方法结合生产了一套独特的同化方法。并对此系统进行了验证和实例应用。  相似文献
8.
数据同化框架下基于差分进化的遥感图像融合   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
针对现有融合方法的结果图像不易根据后续处理的要求进行自适应调整, 不同方法的优点不易综合的问题, 借鉴气象领域中的数据同化系统能综合其模型算子和观测算子两者优点的思想, 提出一个基于差分进化的遥感图像融合框架. 在该框架下, 将基于对比度àtrous的Contourlet变换作为模型算子, 独立分量分析和àtrous小波变换作为观测算子, 用差分进化(Differential evolution, DE)算法来优化由图像定量评价指标组成的目标函数, 从而获取更合适的图像. 二组实验从视觉效果和定量指标两方面验证了该框架的有效性.  相似文献
9.
Predicted latent and sensible heat fluxes from Land Surface Models (LSMs) are important lower boundary conditions for numerical weather prediction. While assimilation of remotely sensed surface soil moisture is a proven approach for improving root zone soil moisture, and presumably latent (LE) and sensible (H) heat flux predictions from LSMs, limitations in model physics and over-parameterisation mean that physically realistic soil moisture in LSMs will not necessarily achieve optimal heat flux predictions. Moreover, the potential for improved LE and H predictions from the assimilation of LE and H observations has received little attention by the scientific community, and is tested here with synthetic twin experiments. A one-dimensional single column LSM was used in 3-month long experiments, with observations of LE, H, surface soil moisture and skin temperature (from which LE and H are typically derived) sampled from truth model run outputs generated with realistic data inputs. Typical measurement errors were prescribed and observation data sets separately assimilated into a degraded model run using an Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) algorithm, over temporal scales representative of available remotely sensed data. Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) between assimilation and truth model outputs across the experiment period were examined to evaluate LE, H, and root zone soil moisture and temperature retrieval. Compared to surface soil moisture assimilation as will be available from SMOS (every 3 days), assimilation of LE and/or H using a best case MODIS scenario (twice daily) achieved overall better predictions for LE and comparable H predictions, while achieving poorer soil moisture predictions. Twice daily skin temperature assimilation achieved comparable heat flux predictions to LE and/or H assimilation. Fortnightly (Landsat) assimilations of LE, H and skin temperature performed worse than 3-day moisture assimilation. While the different spatial resolutions of these remote sensing data have been ignored, the potential for LE and H assimilation to improve model predicted LE and H is clearly demonstrated.  相似文献
10.
Ensemble Kalman filter is a new sequential data assimilation algorithm which was originally developed for atmospheric and oceanographic data assimilation. It can be applied to calculate error covariance matrix through Monte-Carlo simulation. This approach is able to resolve the nonlinearity and discontinuity existed within model operator and observation operator. When observation data are assimilated at each time step, error covariances are estimated from the phase-space distribution of an ensemble of model states. The error statistics is then used to calculate Kalman gain matrix and analysis increments. In this study, we develop a one-dimensional soil moisture data assimilation system based on ensemble Kalman filter, the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB2) and microwave radiation transfer model (AIEM, advanced integration equation model). We conduct numerical experiments to assimilate in situ soil surface moisture measurements and low-frequency passive microwave remote sensing data into a land surface model, respectively. The results indicate that data assimilation can significantly improve the soil surface moisture estimation. The improvement in root zone is related to the model bias errors at surface layer and root zone. The soil moisture does not vary significantly in deep layer. Additionally, the ensemble Kalman filter is predominant in dealing with the nonlinearity of model operator and observation operator. It is practical and effective for assimilating observations in situ and remotely sensed data into land surface models.  相似文献
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