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无证书公钥密码体制研究   总被引:8,自引:1,他引:7       下载免费PDF全文
无证书公钥密码体制(certificateless public key cryptography,简称CL-PKC)是在基于身份的公钥密码体制(identity-based public key cryptography,简称ID-PKC)的基础上提出来的一种新型公钥密码体制,没有密钥托管问题、不需要使用公钥证书,使得无证书公钥密码体制从其概念提出的初始就受到了学术界和工业界的极大关注.从2003年至今,它一直是密码学和信息安全领域非常活跃的研究热点.其理论和技术在不断地丰富和发展.到目前为止,已经积累了大量的研究成果.将对这些成果进行较为系统的整理、分析、比较和简要的评述,并探讨该领域研究尚存在的不足及值得进一步研究的问题.  相似文献
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This paper surveys the literature on certificateless encryption schemes. In particular, we examine the large number of security models that have been proposed to prove the security of certificateless encryption schemes and propose a new nomenclature for these models. This allows us to “rank” the notions of security for a certificateless encryption scheme against an outside attacker and a passive key generation centre, and we suggest which of these notions should be regarded as the “correct” model for a secure certificateless encryption scheme. We also examine the security models that aim to provide security against an actively malicious key generation centre and against an outside attacker who attempts to deceive a legitimate sender into using an incorrect public key (with the intention to deny the legitimate receiver that ability to decrypt the ciphertext). We note that the existing malicious key generation centre model fails to capture realistic attacks that a malicious key generation centre might make and propose a new model. Lastly, we survey the existing certificateless encryption schemes and compare their security proofs. We show that few schemes provide the “correct” notion of security without appealing to the random oracle model. The few schemes that do provide sufficient security guarantees are comparatively inefficient. Hence, we conclude that more research is needed before certificateless encryption schemes can be thought to be a practical technology.  相似文献
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