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A new algorithm for the contrast enhancement of images, based on the theory of Partitioned Iterated Function System (PIFS), is presented. A PIFS consists of contractive transformations, such that the original image is the fixed point of the union of these transformations. Each transformation involves the contractive affine spatial transform of a square block, as well as the linear transform of the gray levels of its pixels. The transformation of the gray levels is determined by two parameters which adjust the brightness and the contrast of the transformed block. The PIFS is used in order to create a lowpass version of the original image. The contrast-enhanced image is obtained by adding the difference of the original image with its lowpass version, to the original image itself. The proposed algorithm uses a predefined constant value for the contrast parameter, whereas, the parameters of the affine spatial transform, as well as the parameter adjusting the brightness, are calculated using k-dimensional trees. The lowpass version of the original image is obtained applying the PIFS on the original image repeatedly while using a value for the contrast parameter that is lower than the predefined one. Quantitative and qualitative results stress the superior performance of the proposed contrast enhancement algorithm against four other widely used contrast enhancement methods; namely, linear and nonlinear unsharp masking, Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization and Local Range Modification.  相似文献
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由于集装箱自身的构造特点以及X光扫描机的信息采集误差,使得集装箱X光图像有很强的竖纹噪声。为提高X光图像中感兴趣区域的清晰度并抑制不感兴趣信息,提出了一种以有限对比适应性直方图均等化为基础的改进方法:对原始图像进行有限对比适应的直方图均等化处理,进行图像增强,并对处理后的图像进行中值滤波,以减少箱体的竖纹噪声,得到图像的低频信息,然后,对原图像进行拉普拉斯滤波处理,得到图像的相对高频信息。最后,将处理后的两幅图像加权相加,作为增强后的目标图像。实验证明,该方法能有效削减竖纹噪声,很好地保存图像的目标信息,便于对集装箱X光图像进一步研究。  相似文献
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A new method for focus measure computation is proposed to reconstruct 3D shape using image sequence acquired under varying focus plane. Adaptive histogram equalization is applied to enhance varying contrast across different image regions for better detection of sharp intensity variations. Fast discrete curvelet transform (FDCT) is employed for enhanced representation of singularities along curves in an input image followed by noise removal using bivariate shrinkage scheme based on locally estimated variance. The FDCT coefficients with high activity are exploited to detect high frequency variations of pixel intensities in a sequence of images. Finally, focus measure is computed utilizing neighborhood support of these coefficients to reconstruct the shape and a well-focused image of the scene being probed.  相似文献
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在图像获取过程中,常得到含有噪声和对比度较差的图像,为更好地去除图像的噪声与增强对比度,提出一种基于矢量扩散控制的图像同步去噪增强方法。分析全变分(TV)模型的构造,指出其存在的问题,通过引入矢量扩散控制的方式改造该模型的后项,更好地控制扩散在图像边缘处的粒度。给出限制对比度自适应直方图均衡的微分模型结构,并与改进后的TV模型融合实现图像的同步去噪与反差增强。通过2组实验从成像质量和灰度分布上比较处理结果,验证该方法的有效性。实验结果表明,该方法不仅较好地解决了TV模型在去噪过程中出现的阶梯效应,而且能够改善图像对比度,提高图像的质量。  相似文献
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针对不同光照条件下基于摄像头的人体手势识别所存在的识别率、实时性和鲁棒性等问题,提出一种基于不同光照条件的人体手势识别新方法。首先利用传统图像处理技术与光线补偿、色彩平衡、对比度受限自适应直方图均衡( CLAHE)进行视频帧预处理,然后运用基于Haar分类器的前期检测与基于YCrCb肤色模型的后期验证进行手势识别分类,并提取质心特征进行方向跟踪判断,最终完成静态与动态实时人体手势识别任务。实验结果表明,在几种不同光照条件下,实时识别率达90%以上,且在手势扭曲、侧对与旋转一定程度下仍具良好识别效果。  相似文献
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采用对比度受限自适应直方图均衡对乳腺图像进行增强,有效地增强了乳腺图像中的细节,如钙化点、乳导管等组织;并通过对算法中相关参数研究,得到应用于乳腺图像增强的参数优选值,以求获得较好的增强效果,为医师分析影像提供方便。通过与灰度直方图均衡的结果进行比较得出:对比度受限自适应直方图均衡为乳腺数字图像增强的有效方法,在计算机辅助乳腺诊断方面有较高应用价值。  相似文献
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