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1.
地质体三维模型实验研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
实验使用一种滤波法和四叉树的面片融合算法对格网模型进行简化,包括基于高程准则的格网模型简化和基于倾角准则的格网模型简化,并利用点、线、面拓扑结构和正负区判别准则构建不规则三角网(TIN)。在上述两种算法的基础上,结合TIN的简化算法,应用OpenGL平台初步实现复杂地质体三维建模工作,取得满意的效果。  相似文献
2.
一种有效的基于Web的双语翻译对获取方法   总被引:5,自引:1,他引:4  
命名实体和新词、术语的翻译对机器翻译、跨语言检索、自动问答等系统的性能有着重要的影响,但是这些翻译很难从现有的翻译词典中获得。该文提出了一种从中文网页中自动获取高质量双语翻译对的方法。该方法利用网页中双语翻译对的特点,使用统计判别模型,融合多种识别特征自动挖掘网站中存在的双语翻译对。实验结果表明,采用该模型构建的双语翻译词表,TOP1的正确率达到82.1%,TOP3的正确率达到94.5%。文中还提出了一种利用搜索引擎验证候选翻译的方法,经过验证,TOP1的正确率可以提高到84.3%。  相似文献
3.
基于视频检测技术的交通拥挤判别模型*   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
针对日益严重的城市道路交通拥挤问题,提出基于视频检测技术直接判断道路交通拥挤程度的方法。以道路占有率、占有率方差、占有率变化量绝对值为交通特征参数,研究了其与道路拥挤事件发生的关系,在此基础上利用模糊C-均值算法给出了一种交通状态划分方法,最后建立了一种新的交通拥挤判别模型。应用实际采集的视频数据,分别通过该模型及人为判断进行实验验证。实验结果表明该模型是有效可行的。  相似文献
4.
定向判别分析新算法及应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
本文介绍了多元有序数据定向判别分析新方法的原理、建模流程、应用流程和应用实例。这种判别分析将分类建模与判别归类分开。新方法用多组或逐步判别分析对多元有序数据建模,应用时根据应用领域的知识对样本归属作初步定向,然后选择模型的相关局部进行判别归类。这种方法解决了由于时间序列多元数据周期性造成的样本分类颠倒问题。  相似文献
5.
We describe algorithms for recognizing human motion in monocular video sequences, based on discriminative conditional random fields (CRFs) and maximum entropy Markov models (MEMMs). Existing approaches to this problem typically use generative structures like the hidden Markov model (HMM). Therefore, they have to make simplifying, often unrealistic assumptions on the conditional independence of observations given the motion class labels and cannot accommodate rich overlapping features of the observation or long-term contextual dependencies among observations at multiple timesteps. This makes them prone to myopic failures in recognizing many human motions, because even the transition between simple human activities naturally has temporal segments of ambiguity and overlap. The correct interpretation of these sequences requires more holistic, contextual decisions, where the estimate of an activity at a particular timestep could be constrained by longer windows of observations, prior and even posterior to that timestep. This would not be computationally feasible with a HMM which requires the enumeration of a number of observation sequences exponential in the size of the context window. In this work we follow a different philosophy: instead of restrictively modeling the complex image generation process – the observation, we work with models that can unrestrictedly take it as an input, hence condition on it. Conditional models like the proposed CRFs seamlessly represent contextual dependencies and have computationally attractive properties: they support efficient, exact recognition using dynamic programming, and their parameters can be learned using convex optimization. We introduce conditional graphical models as complementary tools for human motion recognition and present an extensive set of experiments that show not only how these can successfully classify diverse human activities like walking, jumping, running, picking or dancing, but also how they can discriminate among subtle motion styles like normal walks and wander walks.  相似文献
6.
介绍了处理多元有序数据的定向判别分析新方法原理、建模流程、应用流程及其在沉积化学中的应用实例。这种判别分析将分类建模与判别归类分开,求解与专业知识结合。新方法用多组或逐步判别分析对多元有序数据建模,应用时根据应用领域的知识对样本归属作初步定向,然后选择模型的相关局部进行判别归类,从而实现有序判别。这种方法用于解决由于时间序列多元数据周期性造成的样本分类颠倒问题。在塔里木盆地沉积岩时间序列化学数据的应用实例中,解决了石油井下地层预测和归类问题。  相似文献
7.
We develop a method for the estimation of articulated pose, such as that of the human body or the human hand, from a single (monocular) image. Pose estimation is formulated as a statistical inference problem, where the goal is to find a posterior probability distribution over poses as well as a maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimate. The method combines two modeling approaches, one discriminative and the other generative. The discriminative model consists of a set of mapping functions that are constructed automatically from a labeled training set of body poses and their respective image features. The discriminative formulation allows for modeling ambiguous, one-to-many mappings (through the use of multi-modal distributions) that may yield multiple valid articulated pose hypotheses from a single image. The generative model is defined in terms of a computer graphics rendering of poses. While the generative model offers an accurate way to relate observed (image features) and hidden (body pose) random variables, it is difficult to use it directly in pose estimation, since inference is computationally intractable. In contrast, inference with the discriminative model is tractable, but considerably less accurate for the problem of interest. A combined discriminative/generative formulation is derived that leverages the complimentary strengths of both models in a principled framework for articulated pose inference. Two efficient MAP pose estimation algorithms are derived from this formulation; the first is deterministic and the second non-deterministic. Performance of the framework is quantitatively evaluated in estimating articulated pose of both the human hand and human body. Most of this work was done while the first author was with Boston University.  相似文献
8.
In this paper we propose a two-stage method for recognizing sketched symbols that combine the use of a discriminative model, for labeling symbol strokes and a distance-based clustering algorithm, for grouping the labels belonging to the same symbol. In the first stage, we employ Latent-Dynamic Conditional Random Field (LDCRF), a discriminative model able to analyze the features of unsegmented sequences of strokes by taking into account spatio-temporal information, and to classify the symbol parts by considering contextual information. In the second stage, the labels obtained from LDCRF are grouped into symbol labels by using a distance-based clustering algorithm which takes into account the geometric relationships among strokes. The effectiveness of our method has been evaluated on the domain of electric circuit diagrams achieving accuracy values varying between 81.3% and 91.0%.  相似文献
9.
Discriminative approaches for human pose estimation model the functional mapping, or conditional distribution, between image features and 3D poses. Learning such multi-modal models in high dimensional spaces, however, is challenging with limited training data; often resulting in over-fitting and poor generalization. To address these issues Latent Variable Models (LVMs) have been introduced. Shared LVMs learn a low dimensional representation of common causes that give rise to both the image features and the 3D pose. Discovering the shared manifold structure can, in itself, however, be challenging. In addition, shared LVM models are often non-parametric, requiring the model representation to be a function of the training set size. We present a parametric framework that addresses these shortcomings. In particular, we jointly learn latent spaces for both image features and 3D poses by maximizing the non-linear dependencies in the projected latent space, while preserving local structure in the original space; we then learn a multi-modal conditional density between these two low-dimensional spaces in the form of Gaussian Mixture Regression. With this model we can address the issue of over-fitting and generalization, since the data is denser in the learned latent space, as well as avoid the need for learning a shared manifold for the data. We quantitatively compare the performance of the proposed method to several state-of-the-art alternatives, and show that our method gives a competitive performance.  相似文献
10.
词语对齐旨在计算平行文本中词语之间的对应关系,对机器翻译、双语词典构造等多项自然语言处理任务都具有重要的影响.虽然近年来词语对齐在建模和训练算法方面取得了显著的进展,但搜索算法往往都采用简单的贪心策略,面临着搜索错误较大的问题.该文提出了一种基于对偶分解的词语对齐搜索算法,将复杂问题分解为两个相对简单的子问题,迭代求解直至收敛于最优解.由于对偶分解能够保证求解的收敛性和最优性,该文提出的搜索算法在2005年度863计划词语对齐评测数据集上显著超过GIZA++和判别式词语对齐系统,对齐错误率分别降低4.2%和1.1%.  相似文献
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