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基于供应链信息集成的VMI系统构建及其绩效研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
探讨了企业如何构建有效的VMI信息系统,介绍了采纳VMI战略对各方所造成的利益变动情况。分析结果可作为实施VMI战略时企业间如何进行利益协调的参考。  相似文献
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设计了融合差分进化和PSO算法优点的混合智能优化算法DEPSO,通过在粒子迭代过程中,随机选择一定数量的粒子进行差分进化操作,增加粒子的多样性,使陷入局部极小的粒子逃出,以保证DEPSO的全局收敛性能,并采用典型测试函数验证了DEPSO的性能。针对模糊相关机会规划EOQ模型求解难题,设计了基于模糊模拟方法和DEPSO的智能求解算法来计算模糊事件的可信性,从而得到了使库存费用不超过预算水平的可信度最大的最优订货量,算例证实了此求解算法的有效性。  相似文献
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In traditional inventory models such as the economic order quantity (EOQ) and the economic production quantity (EPQ) the sole objective is to minimize the total inventory-related costs, typically holding cost and ordering cost. These models do not consider the presence of defective products in the lot or rework of them. Recently, Jamal, Sarker, and Mondal (Jamal, A. A. M., Sarker, B. R., & Mondal, S., (2004). Optimal manufacturing batch size with rework process at single-stage production system. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 47(1), 77–89) proposed a model, which dealt with the optimum batch quantity in a single-stage system in which rework is done by addressing two different operational policies to minimize the total system cost, but their models do not consider planned backorders. In this direction, this paper develops an EPQ type inventory model with planned backorders for determining the economic production quantity for a single product, which is manufactured in a single-stage manufacturing system that generates imperfect quality products, and all these defective products are reworked in the same cycle. We also establish the range of real values of the proportion of defective products for which there is an optimal solution, and the close form for the total cost of inventory system. The use of the inventory model is illustrated with numerical examples. The classical EOQ, EPQ inventory models with or without planned backorders and Jamal, Sarker and Mondal’s model (Jamal, A. A. M., Sarker, B. R., & Mondal, S., (2004). Optimal manufacturing batch size with rework process at single-stage production system. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 47(1), 77–89) are shown to be special cases of the EPQ inventory model presented in this paper.  相似文献
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We consider in this paper an Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) problem involving a single supplier that offers quantity discounts and allows retailers to delay payments. The retailers are tempted to form coalitions in order to minimize their costs. We propose a solution approach that generates stable coalition structures for the retailers taking into account the delay in payments and the discount quantity offered by the supplier. The proposed approach includes a decision rule that generates preferred coalitions for each retailer. Our decision rule reduces considerably the number of explored coalition structures in order to determine solutions in the core.  相似文献
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To reduce inventory and increase sales, the supplier frequently offers the retailer a permissible delay in payments if the retailer orders more than or equal to a predetermined quantity. In 2012, Liao et al. proposed an economic order quantity model for a retailer with two warehouses when the supplier offers a permissible delay linked to order quantity. In this paper, we attempt to overcome some shortcomings of their mathematical model. Then, we apply some existing theoretical results in fractional convex programs to prove that the annual total variable cost is pseudoconvex. Hence, the optimal solution exists uniquely, which simplifies the search for the global minimum solution to a local minimum solution. Finally, we run a couple of numerical examples to illustrate the problem and compare the optimal solutions between theirs and ours.  相似文献
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We develop here an inventory model with time-dependent two-parameter Weibull demand rate, allowing shortages in the inventory. The shortages are completely backlogged. The production rate is assumed to be finite and proportional to the demand rate. The model is solved analytically to obtain the optimal solution of the problem. It is then illustrated with the help of numerical examples. Sensitivity of the optimal solution with respect to changes in the values of the system parameters is also studied. Special features of time-dependent Weibull demand rate are discussed.  相似文献
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In a recent paper, Soni and Shah developed a model for finding the optimal ordering policy for a retailer facing stock-dependent demand and a supplier offering a progressive payment scheme. In this comment, we correct several errors in the formulation of the models of Soni and Shah and modify some assumptions to increase the model's applicability. Numerical examples illustrate the benefits of our modifications.  相似文献
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In the study of constrained multiple robot control, the relative motion between the constraint object and the end effectors of manipulators are usually neglected in the literature. However, in many industrial applications, such as assembly and machining, the constraint object is required to move with respect to not only the world coordinates but also the end effectors of the robotic arms. In this paper, dynamic modelling of two robotic arms manipulating an object with relative motion is presented first, then a model-based adaptive controller and a model-free neural network controller are developed. Both controllers guarantee the asymptotic tracking of the constraint object and the boundedness of the constraint force. Asymptotic convergence of the constraint force can also be achieved under certain conditions. Simulation studies are conducted to verify the effectiveness of the approaches.  相似文献
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