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基于滑动窗口的进化数据流聚类   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15       下载免费PDF全文
常建龙  曹锋  周傲英 《软件学报》2007,18(4):905-918
提出了纳伪(false positive)和拒真(false negative)两种聚类特征指数直方图分别来支持纳伪误差和拒真误差窗口的聚类分析;然后,提出一种基于滑动窗口的数据流聚类方法.该方法在占用窗口大小的次线性内存空间前提下,及时保存最近数据记录的分布状况,从而实现对滑动窗口内的数据进行聚类.此外,它还可被扩展用于N-n窗口(滑动窗口的扩展模型)的数据聚类.实验采用KDD-CUP'99和KDD-CUP'98真实数据集以及变换高斯分布的人工数据集构造进化数据流.理论分析和  相似文献
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Tracking clusters in evolving data streams over sliding windows   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
Mining data streams poses great challenges due to the limited memory availability and real-time query response requirement. Clustering an evolving data stream is especially interesting because it captures not only the changing distribution of clusters but also the evolving behaviors of individual clusters. In this paper, we present a novel method for tracking the evolution of clusters over sliding windows. In our SWClustering algorithm, we combine the exponential histogram with the temporal cluster features, propose a novel data structure, the Exponential Histogram of Cluster Features (EHCF). The exponential histogram is used to handle the in-cluster evolution, and the temporal cluster features represent the change of the cluster distribution. Our approach has several advantages over existing methods: (1) the quality of the clusters is improved because the EHCF captures the distribution of recent records precisely; (2) compared with previous methods, the mechanism employed to adaptively maintain the in-cluster synopsis can track the cluster evolution better, while consuming much less memory; (3) the EHCF provides a flexible framework for analyzing the cluster evolution and tracking a specific cluster efficiently without interfering with other clusters, thus reducing the consumption of computing resources for data stream clustering. Both the theoretical analysis and extensive experiments show the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method. Aoying Zhou is currently a Professor in Computer Science at Fudan University, Shanghai, P.R. China. He won his Bachelor and Master degrees in Computer Science from Sichuan University in Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R. China in 1985 and 1988, respectively, and Ph.D. degree from Fudan University in 1993. He served as the member or chair of program committee for many international conferences such as WWW, SIGMOD, VLDB, EDBT, ICDCS, ER, DASFAA, PAKDD, WAIM, and etc. His papers have been published in ACM SIGMOD, VLDB, ICDE, and several other international journals. His research interests include Data mining and knowledge discovery, XML data management, Web mining and searching, data stream analysis and processing, peer-to-peer computing. Feng Cao is currently an R&D engineer in IBM China Research Laboratories. He received a B.E. degree from Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Xi'an, P.R. China, in 2000 and an M.E. degree from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P.R. China, in 2003. From October 2004 to March 2005, he worked in Fudan-NUS Competency Center for Peer-to-Peer Computing, Singapore. In 2006, he received his Ph.D. degree from Fudan University, Shanghai, P.R. China. His current research interests include data mining and data stream. Weining Qian is currently an Assistant Professor in computer science at Fudan University, Shanghai, P.R. China. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degree in computer science from Fudan University in 2001 and 2004, respectively. He is supported by Shanghai Rising-Star Program under Grant No. 04QMX1404 and National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under Grant No. 60673134. He served as the program committee member of several international conferences, including DASFAA 2006, 2007 and 2008, APWeb/WAIM 2007, INFOSCALE 2007, and ECDM 2007. His papers have been published in ICDE, SIAM DM, and CIKM. His research interests include data stream query processing and mining, and large-scale distributed computing for database applications. Cheqing Jin is currently an Assistant Professor in Computer Science at East China University of Science and Technology. He received his Bachelor and Master degrees in Computer Science from Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, P.R. China in 1999 and 2002, respectively, and the Ph.D. degree from Fudan University, Shanghai, P.R. China. He worked as a Research Assistant at E-business Technology Institute, the Hong Kong University from December 2003 to May 2004. His current research interests include data mining and data stream.  相似文献
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进化数据流中基于密度的聚类算法   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
分析当前数据流聚类算法的优点及不足,提出一种新的进化数据流中基于密度的聚类算法——Sdstream算法,该算法能够分析并处理大规模进化数据流,利用真实数据集和仿真数据集对其进行性能测试,实验结果表明,该算法具有良好的适用性、有效性和可扩展性,能够取得较高的聚类效果。  相似文献
4.
基于滑动窗口的异常检测是数据流挖掘研究的一个重要课题,在许多应用中数据流通常在一个分布网络上传输,解决这类问题时常采用分布计算技术,以便获得实时高质量的计算结果。对分布演化数据流上连续异常检测问题,进行形式化地阐述,提出了两个基于核密度估计的异常检测定义和算法,并通过大量真实数据集的实验,表明该算法具有良好的高效性和可扩展性,完全适应数据流应用的需求。  相似文献
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流数据分类旨在从连续不断到达的流式数据中增量学习一个从输入变量到类标变量的映射函数,以便对随时到达的测试数据进行准确分类.在线学习范式,作为一种增量式的机器学习技术,是流数据分类的有效工具.本文主要从在线学习的角度对流数据分类算法的研究现状进行综述.具体地,首先介绍在线学习的基本框架和性能评估方法,然后着重介绍在线学习算法在一般流数据上的工作现状,在高维流数据上解决“维度诅咒”问题的工作现状,以及在演化流数据上处理“概念漂移”问题的工作现状,最后讨论高维和演化流数据分类未来仍然存在的挑战和亟待研究的方向.  相似文献
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