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1.
讨论了载体位置无控、姿态受控情况下,具有外部扰动的漂浮基柔性空间机械臂载体姿态与各关节协调运动的控制问题.基于假想模态法、系统动量守恒关系及拉格朗日方法,建立了漂浮基柔性空间机械臂系统的动力学方程,并将其转化为系统控制状态方程.以此为基础,根据Terminal滑模控制技术,给出了系统相关Terminal滑模面的数学表达式,在此基础上提出了具有外部扰动情况下漂浮基柔性空间机械臂载体姿态与各关节协调运动的Terminal滑模控制方案.提出的控制方案不但确保了闭环系统滑模阶段的存在性,同时通过Terminal滑模函数的适当选取,还保证了输出误差在有限时间内的收敛性.此外,由于确保了无论何种情况下系统初始状态均在Terminal滑模面上,从而消除了其它滑模控制方法常有的到达阶段,使得闭环系统具有全局鲁棒和稳定性.一个平面两杆漂浮基柔性空间机械臂的系统数值仿真,证实了方法的有效性.  相似文献
2.
基于观测器的直流伺服电机速度控制   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
针对直流伺服电机速度控制中经常出现的电机参数变化和外部扰动导致系统性能下降的现象,将外来的扰动转矩和由电机参数变化产生的扰动转矩结合起来,提出了一种等效外来扰动转矩观测器,并基于此观测方法,进而采用电流反馈控制消除观测误差。给出了该速度控制方法的详细推导过程。仿真数据验证了其切实有效性,  相似文献
3.
This paper proposes a trajectory tracking scheme which belongs to the sliding mode control (SMC) for the 4-degree-of-freedom (DOF) parallel robots. Two fuzzy logic systems (FLS) are first put forward to replace the constant switching control gain and the width of the boundary layer. The fuzzy adaptive supervisory controller (FASC) is combined with the fuzzy sliding mode control (FSMC) to further reduce the chattering. The design is simple and less fuzzy rules are required. The simulation results demonstrate that the chattering of the SMC is reduced greatly and the parallel robot realizes the trajectory tracking with very good robustness to the parameter uncertainties and external disturbances.  相似文献
4.
针对欠驱动船舶的模型参数不确定和外界风浪流干扰问题,为实现水平面的航迹跟踪控制,提出了一种基于上下界的滑模控制方法.首先利用反步法将控制器的设计分解为运动学回路和动力学回路.其次,在运动学回路中为实现位置跟踪误差的收敛,根据期望航迹与当前位置信息,设计船舶的纵向与侧移参考速度,并视为镇定位置误差的虚拟控制律;在动力学回路中,将虚拟控制律作为新的跟踪目标,利用滑模方法设计实际控制律实现对参考速度的跟踪控制,最终实现了欠驱动船舶的跟踪控制.最后对有无干扰下的欠驱动船模分别进行了仿真实验,仿真结果证明了控制律的有效性.  相似文献
5.
This paper provides a way to optimize the overall disturbances rejection performance of the adaptive control system in the presence of unknown external disturbances.Especially,the updatable non-empty admissible model set,which is consistent to the a priori knowledge of the plant parameter and the online measurements,is computed.With the overall system performance as the criteria,the nominal model is optimally chosen within the admissible model set.The optimal nominal model is subsequently used to synthesize the optimal closed-loop controller based on the 1 design methodology.Combining the above two aspects,an optimal adaptive control scheme is proposed.Because of the consistency of the identification criteria and control object,the adaptive control scheme proposed in this paper can achieve the overall optimal disturbances rejection performance,and the effect of the interplay between the identification and control of the adaptive system can be handled effectively.In addition,the computable optimal performance is also provided.  相似文献
6.
7.
采用基于自然数编码染色体、改进型交叉算子并增加内外扰动策略,构造出一种改进型遗传算法。详细介绍了此算法的基本原理,并进行了代表性算例实验与结果分析。实验表明,该算法收敛速度快,有效地遏制了早熟收敛,防止了进化过程中最优解的退化,改善了遗传算法的性能,提高了算法优化效率,是求解车辆路径问题的一种有效算法。  相似文献
8.
This paper presents a novel H tracking-based direct adaptive fuzzy controller (HDAFC) for a class of perturbed uncertain affine nonlinear systems involving external disturbances and measurement noise. A practical interval type-2 (IT2) fuzzy logic system (FLS) is introduced to approximate the ideal control law. To eliminate the tradeoff between H tracking performance and high gain at the control input, a modified output tracking error is introduced. Based on the proposed fired-rule-determination algorithm, a practical average defuzzifier expressed in parameterized and closed formula is developed for the IT2 FLS. Without the restriction that the control gain function is exactly known, the IT2 HDAFC is constructed and its adaptive law is derived by virtue of the Lyapunov synthesis. To improve control performance under measurement noise, the recursive linear smoothed Newton predictor is further introduced as a delayless output filter. Simulated application of a single-link robot manipulator demonstrates the superiority of the proposed approach over the previous approach in terms of the settling time, tracking accuracy, energy consumption and smoothness of the control input.  相似文献
9.
Fractional control schemes are powerful tools for fulfilling robust tracking performance of different systems. This paper is the pioneering one in developing a fractional-order adaptive backstepping controller (FOABC) for a general class of integer-order and fractional-order (FO) systems. Model uncertainties and external disturbances can perturb system response and the controller is designed such that it can suppress the performance degradation caused by these factors. Moreover, rigorous mathematical analyses are carried out based on fractional Lyapunov theorems to ensure stability of the controlled systems. To justify the claims, worked-out examples including integer-order and FO systems are simulated. Good tracking performance of the proposed controller as well as robustness against uncertainties and insensitivity to external disturbances make it a good candidate for a broad range of systems. The results of implementing the proposed controller on different systems are compared with some newly proposed control approaches which highlight the outperformance of the FOABC.  相似文献
10.
This paper investigates the attitude tracking control system design for reusable launch vehicle (RLV) in re-entry phase with input constraint, model uncertainty and external disturbance. The novel control scheme is designed via combining the advantages of the robust property of sliding mode control (SMC), the compensation ability of disturbance observer (DOB) and the systematic design procedure of backstepping technique. By applying DOB technique to estimate the lumped uncertainty, there is no need to choose the switch gain larger than the bound of uncertainty. Through designing the exponential form sliding surface and smooth sliding mode controller, the chattering and discontinuous problem inherent in the traditional SMC is alleviated. An additional system is constructed to handle input constraint. Based on Lyapunov theory, the asymptotic stability of the closed-loop system is proven. At last, compared simulations are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control approach.  相似文献
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