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1.
软件工程技术发展思索   总被引:164,自引:17,他引:147       下载免费PDF全文
在4个方面对软件工程技术的发展进行一些思索:(1) 从事物发展规律的角度,揭示软件工程技术发展历程;(2) 从软件本质特征的角度,浅析虚拟机各抽象层次的构造;(3) 从软件开发的本质,提出了软件工程学科研究的内容,并研究了软件工业化生产模式;(4) 以Internet的出现为背景,探索了软件技术的发展趋势.  相似文献
2.
一个适用于网构软件的信任度量及演化模型   总被引:25,自引:1,他引:24       下载免费PDF全文
王远  吕建  徐锋  张林 《软件学报》2006,17(4):682-690
网构软件的构建依赖于对开放协同环境中各种异构的、自治的软件服务实体间的有效协同.Internet的开放性与动态性,使得对于诚实的、具有可靠服务质量协同实体的选择难度较大,难以确保网构软件的可信性.软件实体间的信任关系对于保障网构软件的可信性具有重要的指导意义.软件实体间的信任关系通常随协作的进行而不断变化,但现有的信任模型缺乏对实体间信任关系的自动形成与更新的支持,从而无法刻画信任关系的动态性.针对该问题,提出了一个适用于网构软件的信任度量及演化模型.该模型不仅对信任关系度量过程和信任信息传递及合并过程进行了合理抽象,而且还提供了一种合理的方法,用于促进协同实体间信任关系的自动形成与更新.该模型有助于解决开放环境下网构软件的可信性问题.  相似文献
3.
构件软件测试技术研究进展   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
软构件技术提供了一种较面向对象方法更为有效的软件设计模式,构件软件被广泛应用并成为一种主流软件形态.然而,构件的内部信息屏蔽、演变速度快以及构件间的异质、松耦合等特点给构件软件系统的测试带来极大的挑战,寻求高效的构件软件测试技术和开发实用的测试工具是当今软件业界一个亟待解决的课题.分析和归纳近年来一些典型的构件、构件软件测试方法和技术并对当前较为有效的测试框架和工具进行总结;最后,对其今后若干研究方向进行了展望.  相似文献
4.
Technical framework for Internetware: An architecture centric approach   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
Being a new software paradigm evolved by the Internet, Internetware brings many challenges to the traditional software methods and techniques. Sponsored by the national basic research program (973), researchers in China have developed an architecture centric technical framework for the definition, incarnation and engineering of Internetware. First of all, a software model for Internetware is defined for what to be, including that Internetware entities should be packaged as components, behaving as agents, interoperating as services, collaborating in a structured and on demand manner, etc. Secondly, a middleware for Internetware is designed and implemented for how to be, including that Internetware entities are incarnated by runtime containers, structured collaborations are enabled by runtime software architecture, Internetware can be managed in a reflective and autonomic manner, etc. Thirdly, an engineering methodology for Internetware is proposed for how to do, including the way to develop Internetware entities and their collaborations by transforming and refining a set of software architectures which cover all the phases of software lifecycle, the way to identify and organize the disordered software assets by domain modeling, etc.  相似文献
5.
A software architecture centric engineering approach for Internetware   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
As a new software paradigm evolved by the Internet, Internetware brings many challenges for the traditional software development methods and techniques. Though architecture-based component composition (ABC) approach is originated in the traditional software paradigm, it supports the engineering of Internetware effectively due to its philosophy, rationales and mechanisms. ABC has three major contributions to the en- gineering of Internetware in detail. First, the feature oriented domain modeling method can structure the “disordered”“software entities” to “ordered Internetware” bottom-up in the problem space. Second, the architecture centric design and analysis method can support the development of self-adaptive Internetware. Third, the component operating platform is a reflective and self-adaptive middleware that not only provides Internetware with a pow- erful and flexible runtime infrastructure but also enables the self-adaptation of the structure and individual entities of Internetware.  相似文献
6.
On environment-driven software model for Internetware   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Internetware is envisioned as a general software paradigm for the application style of resources integration and sharing in the open, dynamic and uncertain platforms such as the Internet. Continuing the agent-based Internetware model presented in a previous paper, in this paper, after an analysis of the behavioral patterns and the technical challenges of environment-driven applications, a software-structuring model is proposed for environment-driven Internetware applications. A series of explorations on the enabling techniques for the model, especially the modeling, management and utilization of context information are presented. Several proto-typical systems have also been built to prove the concepts and evaluate the techniques. These research efforts make a further step toward the Internetware paradigm by providing an initial framework for the construction of context-aware and self-adaptive software application systems in the open network environment.  相似文献
7.
An application-semantics-based relaxed transaction model for internetware   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
An internetware application is composed by existing individual services, while transaction processing is a key mechanism to make the composition reliable. The existing research of transactional composite service (TCS) depends on the analysis to composition structure and exception handling mechanism in order to guarantee the relaxed atomicity. However, this approach cannot handle some application-specific requirements and causes lots of unnecessary failure recoveries or even aborts. In this paper, we propose a relaxed transaction model, including system mode, relaxed atomicity criterion, static checking algorithm and dynamic enforcement algorithm. Users are able to define different relaxed atomicity constraint for different TCS according to application-specific require- ments, including acceptable configurations and the preference order. The checking algo- rithm determines whether the constraint can be guaranteed to be satisfied. The enforce- ment algorithm monitors the execution and performs transaction management work ac- cording to the constraint. Compared to the existing work, our approach can handle com- plex application requirements, avoid unnecessary failure recoveries and perform the transaction management work automatically.  相似文献
8.
软件形态受到应用、平台和技术发展的影响而不断演化。由于Internet这一新的计算环境的普及,传统的软件形态逐渐无法适应Intermet环境下的开发和应用,需要研究新的软件形态和软件技术。该文在分析软件发展历史的基础上结合相关研究说明了基于Internet环境的网构软件(Internetware)是未来软件的发展趋势,介绍了网构软件的基本特征,并说明了网构软件领域的研究问题。  相似文献
9.
基于OSGi的服务动态演化   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
张 仕  黄林鹏 《软件学报》2008,19(5):1201-1211
提出一种解决OSGi平台上服务动态演化的方法.针对OSGi平台的服务动态演化提出了重定向方法,解决了服务类定义的动态更新,较好地满足了演化中服务的透明性问题;提出了实现和数据相分离的方法,解决了服务动态演化中公共数据的一致性问题和动态演化问题;探讨了服务动态演化中服务增、减等问题.对所提出的方法均通过实例说明了其设计、运行和更新的可行性.所提出的方法可以用于指导解决组件、服务和面向对象软件动态演化中的相关问题.  相似文献
10.
A software architecture centric self-adaptation approach for Internetware   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Being one of the basic features of Internetware, self-adaptation means that the software system can monitor its runtime state and behavior and adjust them when necessary according to pre-defined policies. Focusing on the three fundamental issues of self-adaptation, including the scope, operability and trustworthiness, a software architecture (SA) centric approach for Internetware's self-adaptation is presented in this paper. All of the self-adaptive actions, i.e. monitoring, analyzing, planning and executing, are performed based on SA. In detail, runtime state and behavior of Internetware are represented and changed in the form of runtime soft- ware architecture. The knowledge for self-adaptation is captured, organized and reasoned in the form of SA so that automatic analysis and decision-making are achieved.  相似文献
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