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大尺寸纹理的实时合成   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
陈 昕  王文成 《软件学报》2009,20(Z1):193-201
提出一种纹理合成方法,可实时高质量地生成大纹理.它先基于纹理特征变化的周期性分析,得到合适的纹理块尺寸,以使所划分的纹理块能高效反映这种周期性变化,便于生成高质量的纹理;然后,它在目标纹理上均衡地分布纹理块,使得垂直方向和水平方向上相邻的纹理块之间都留有一个块尺寸大小的空白区域,再对空白区域进行填充,以完成目标纹理的生成.显然,布块操作和填充操作均可并行地进行.同时,为每个纹理块预先生成可与其邻接匹配的纹理块集合,以便在填充计算时可用简便的集合求交计算来进行邻域约束的搜索,并将这种求交计算放在CPU中进行,而将邻接纹理块在重叠区域的缝合计算放到GPU中进行,以综合利用CPU和GPU的优势.实验表明,新方法可在一般微机上以45帧/秒的速度高质量地实时合成1024*1024的大纹理,而这是已有技术难以达到的.  相似文献
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文中提出一种基于复用计算的纹理合成方法,逐步地利用已合成的部分纹理来生成更大的纹理块,以进行后续的纹理合成计算.由此,该方法可节省大量耗时的纹理块选择及缝合计算,提高了合成效率.实验表明,新方法可实时合成2048×2048像素的大纹理,而已有工作至多只能以交互的速度进行这样的合成.  相似文献
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A new patch-based texture synthesis method is presented in this paper. By the method, a set of patches that can be matched with a sampled patch for growing textures effectively, called the matching compatibility between patches, is generated first for each patch, and the set is further optimized by culling the patches that may cause synthesis conflicts. In this way, similarity measurement calculation for selecting suitable patches in texture synthesis can be greatly saved, and synthesis conflicts between neighbouring patches are substantially reduced. Furthermore, retrace computation is integrated in the synthesis process to improve the texture quality. As a result, the new method can produce high quality textures as texture optimization, the best method to date for producing good textures, and run in a time complexity linear to the size of the output texture. Experimental results show that the new method can interactively generate a large texture in 1024 × 1024 pixels, which is very difficult to achieve by existing methods. Supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2009CB320802), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 60773026, 60833007), the National High-Tech Research & Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2006AA01Z306, 2008AA01Z301), and the Research Grant of University of Macau  相似文献
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