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大规模计算系统故障特征及容错机制分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文围绕国内外若干大规模计算系统的运行稳定性状况展开调研:首先根据若干典型系统的故障数据,从故障模式、故障特征方面对目前实际生产性系统的稳定性进行分析;然后,在总结目前系统级容错研究思路的基础上,分析了未来更大规模计算系统容错机制的挑战及可能的解决方案。  相似文献
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Meeting the demands for energy entails a better understanding and characterization of the fundamental processes of reservoirs and of how human made objects affect these systems. The need to perform extensive reservoir studies for either uncertainty assessment or optimal exploitation plans brings up demands of computing power and data management in a more pervasive way. This work focuses on high performance numerical methods, tools and grid-enabled middleware systems for scalable and data-driven computations for multiphysics simulation and decision-making processes in integrated multiphase flow applications. The proposed suite of tools and systems consists of (1) a scalable reservoir simulator, (2) novel stochastic optimization algorithms, (3) decentralized autonomic grid middleware tools, and (4) middleware systems for large-scale data storage, querying, and retrieval. The aforementioned components offer enormous potential for performing data-driven studies and efficient execution of complex, large-scale reservoir models in a collaborative environment.  相似文献
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王芳 《软件》2011,32(6):57-59,66
目前众多领域对大规模计算逐渐显示出一种迫切的需求,集群技术在高性能计算领域中的理论研究和实践越来越得到广泛的关注。高性能计算是解决大规模聚变模拟计算的有效途径。本文介绍如何基于集群技术构建聚变研究高性能计算系统,分析了系统的基本体系结构,从硬件和软件两个方面详细解析其高性价比的构建技术。  相似文献
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This paper aims at presenting the most resolved solutions to date for the ship forward speed diffraction and pitch and heave problems, and discuss the method that enables these computations. Large-scale DES computations (60-115 million grid points, 276-500 processors) of ship hydrodynamics problems are presented for the DTMB model 5512 surface combatant. The forward speed diffraction problem is studied at Fr = 0.28 with waves of amplitude a = 0.006 and wavelength λ=1.5, with the ship static allowing the overset assembly to be a pre-processing step. In the pitch and heave problem the ship faces head waves at Fr = 0.41 with waves of amplitude a = 0.006 and wavelength λ=1.5, with the ship is allowed to pitch and heave, thus requiring dynamic overset grid processing. The code CFDShip-Iowa version 4 and the overset assembly code Suggar were modified to carry out some large scale simulations of free surface ship hydrodynamics. These modifications were focused on reducing the memory requirement and optimizing the per-processor and parallel performance at the implementation and algorithmic levels, plus the addition of a lagged mode for the overset domain connectivity computation. The simulation results show very significant improvements in the local flow and free surface results, but minor in forces and moments when compared with previous URANS computations performed with grids with about three million points.  相似文献
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王旭丛  李翠平  陈红 《软件学报》2014,25(9):2136-2148
P-Rank是SimRank的扩展形式,也是一种相似度度量方法,被用来计算网络中任意两个结点的相似性.不同于SimRank只考虑结点的入度信息,P-Rank还加入了结点的出度信息,从而更加客观准确地评价结点间的相似程度.随着大数据时代的到来,P-Rank需要处理的数据日益增大.使用MapReduce等分布式模型实现大规模P-Rank迭代计算的方法,本质上是一种同步迭代方法,不可避免地具有同步迭代方法的缺点:迭代时间(尤其是迭代过程中处理器等待的时间)长,计算速度慢,因此效率低下.为了解决这一问题,采用了一种迭代计算方法——异步累积更新算法.这个算法实现了异步计算,减少了计算过程处理器结点的等待时间,提高了计算速度,节省了时间开销.从异步的角度实现了P-Rank算法,将异步累积更新算法应用在了P-Rank上,并进行了对比实验.实验结果表明该算法有效地提高了计算收敛速度.  相似文献
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司文杰  杨飞飞 《计算机科学》2017,44(2):239-243, 266
神经网络已经广泛应用于系统建模和模式识别领域。但为了逼近未知的参数或者系统动态,需要大量的神经元达到足够的逼近精度,因此导致了计算负荷的增大。运算量制约着大规模神经网络计算,无法使其应用到实际的在线系统中。CPU处理无法保证在线数据的同步运算,需要借助图形处理单元GPU(Graphic Processing Unit)来解决实时性同步运算问题。首先,利用RBF神经网络的持续激励PE(Persistent Excitation)特性对系统输入进行分析,减少神经元的数目且优化设计算法,从而提高逼近精度。其次,基于LabVIEW平台,利用LabVIEW的GPU高性能分析工具包实现神经网络算法和并行计算。最后,在一台航空低速轴流压气机中开发基于大规模训练神经网络的LabVIEW系统。实验结果表明,提出的方法可以实现对系统的在线实时运行,满足航空失速检测的要求。  相似文献
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