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1.
This paper presents a novel variational framework to deal with frame partition problems in Computer Vision. This framework exploits boundary and region-based segmentation modules under a curve-based optimization objective function. The task of supervised texture segmentation is considered to demonstrate the potentials of the proposed framework. The textured feature space is generated by filtering the given textured images using isotropic and anisotropic filters, and analyzing their responses as multi-component conditional probability density functions. The texture segmentation is obtained by unifying region and boundary-based information as an improved Geodesic Active Contour Model. The defined objective function is minimized using a gradient-descent method where a level set approach is used to implement the obtained PDE. According to this PDE, the curve propagation towards the final solution is guided by boundary and region-based segmentation forces, and is constrained by a regularity force. The level set implementation is performed using a fast front propagation algorithm where topological changes are naturally handled. The performance of our method is demonstrated on a variety of synthetic and real textured frames.  相似文献
2.
We propose a variational framework for the integration of multiple competing shape priors into level set based segmentation schemes. By optimizing an appropriate cost functional with respect to both a level set function and a (vector-valued) labeling function, we jointly generate a segmentation (by the level set function) and a recognition-driven partition of the image domain (by the labeling function) which indicates where to enforce certain shape priors. Our framework fundamentally extends previous work on shape priors in level set segmentation by directly addressing the central question of where to apply which prior. It allows for the seamless integration of numerous shape priors such that—while segmenting both multiple known and unknown objects—the level set process may selectively use specific shape knowledge for simultaneously enhancing segmentation and recognizing shape.  相似文献
3.
水平集在图像分割中的应用研究*   总被引:5,自引:5,他引:0  
水平集方法的诞生有效解决了以前算法不能解决的在曲线演化过程中的拓扑变化问题,其核心是利用水平集这一数学理论来对能量函数进行极小值求解的曲线演化过程,通过求解极小值最终获取目标轮廓从而达到图像分割的目的。为了解决不同应用领域的图像处理问题,各种相应的基于水平集方法的图像分割算法已被提出,大量的研究者仍在不断地改进和提高这些算法的效率和有效性。对现有的用于部分图像分割的水平集方法进行了综述,主要介绍传统水平集方法、无重新初始化水平集方法、连续水平集方法以及最近相关的改进方法,并简要讨论了各种方法的优缺点以及应用情况,最后指出了水平集方法进一步研究的方向。  相似文献
4.
Global Minimum for Active Contour Models: A Minimal Path Approach   总被引:4,自引:4,他引:8  
A new boundary detection approach for shape modeling is presented. It detects the global minimum of an active contour models energy between two end points. Initialization is made easier and the curve is not trapped at a local minimum by spurious edges. We modify the snake energy by including the internal regularization term in the external potential term. Our method is based on finding a path of minimal length in a Riemannian metric. We then make use of a new efficient numerical method to find this shortest path.It is shown that the proposed energy, though based only on a potential integrated along the curve, imposes a regularization effect like snakes. We explore the relation between the maximum curvature along the resulting contour and the potential generated from the image.The method is capable to close contours, given only one point on the objects' boundary by using a topology-based saddle search routine.We show examples of our method applied to real aerial and medical images.  相似文献
5.
A Level Set Model for Image Classification   总被引:4,自引:4,他引:7  
We present a supervised classification model based on a variational approach. This model is devoted to find an optimal partition composed of homogeneous classes with regular interfaces. The originality of the proposed approach concerns the definition of a partition by the use of level sets. Each set of regions and boundaries associated to a class is defined by a unique level set function. We use as many level sets as different classes and all these level sets are moving together thanks to forces which interact in order to get an optimal partition. We show how these forces can be defined through the minimization of a unique fonctional. The coupled Partial Differential Equations (PDE) related to the minimization of the functional are considered through a dynamical scheme. Given an initial interface set (zero level set), the different terms of the PDE's are governing the motion of interfaces such that, at convergence, we get an optimal partition as defined above. Each interface is guided by internal forces (regularity of the interface), and external ones (data term, no vacuum, no regions overlapping). Several experiments were conducted on both synthetic and real images.  相似文献
6.
基于Mumford-Shah模型的快速水平集图像分割方法   总被引:4,自引:4,他引:74  
李俊  杨新  施鹏飞 《计算机学报》2002,25(11):1175-1183
该文对Chan-Vese提出的基于Mumford-Shah模型的水平集分割图像的算法做了两方面的改进:首先改进了C-V方法的偏微分方程,使得C-V方法可以快速计算出全局最优分割;其次,采用源点映射扫描方法来快速计算符号距离函数,克服了常规水平集方法中构造符号距离函数计算量大的缺点,并结合该文所提出的基于快速步进法生成符号表的方法,进一步提高了计算稳定性.两方面的改进提高了计算的速度和分割效果,试验统计结果显示,对于512×512的大幅图像,一般只需要10次左右的迭代就可以得到最优的分割效果.对合成图像、生物医学图像的分割结果表明了本文方法的稳健、快速.  相似文献
7.
8.
Since their introduction as a means of front propagation and their first application to edge-based segmentation in the early 90’s, level set methods have become increasingly popular as a general framework for image segmentation. In this paper, we present a survey of a specific class of region-based level set segmentation methods and clarify how they can all be derived from a common statistical framework. Region-based segmentation schemes aim at partitioning the image domain by progressively fitting statistical models to the intensity, color, texture or motion in each of a set of regions. In contrast to edge-based schemes such as the classical Snakes, region-based methods tend to be less sensitive to noise. For typical images, the respective cost functionals tend to have less local minima which makes them particularly well-suited for local optimization methods such as the level set method. We detail a general statistical formulation for level set segmentation. Subsequently, we clarify how the integration of various low level criteria leads to a set of cost functionals. We point out relations between the different segmentation schemes. In experimental results, we demonstrate how the level set function is driven to partition the image plane into domains of coherent color, texture, dynamic texture or motion. Moreover, the Bayesian formulation allows to introduce prior shape knowledge into the level set method. We briefly review a number of advances in this domain.  相似文献
9.
改进的C-V水平集模型图像分割算法   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
复杂的计算限制了基于Chan-Vese(C-V)水平集模型的图像分割方法的应用。为提高图像分割的速度,提出一种基于C-V水平集模型的改进水平集方法。在一般情况下,只需要几次简单迭代就能分割出物体的轮廓。实验表明,该方法简单高效,能够快速有效地实现图像轮廓分割。  相似文献
10.
Regularized Laplacian Zero Crossings as Optimal Edge Integrators   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
We view the fundamental edge integration problem for object segmentation in a geometric variational framework. First we show that the classical zero-crossings of the image Laplacian edge detector as suggested by Marr and Hildreth, inherently provides optimal edge-integration with regard to a very natural geometric functional. This functional accumulates the inner product between the normal to the edge and the gray level image-gradient along the edge. We use this observation to derive new and highly accurate active contours based on this functional and regularized by previously proposed geodesic active contour geometric variational models. We also incorporate a 2D geometric variational explanation to the Haralick edge detector into the geometric active contour framework.  相似文献
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