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1.
符号社会网络中正负关系预测算法研究综述   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
一些网络中的边根据其潜在涵义可分为正关系和负关系,若用正号和负号来标记网络中的边,则形成一个符号网络.符号网络的应用场景非常丰富,在社会学、信息学、生物学等多个领域广泛存在,逐渐成为当前研究的热点之一.对符号社会网络中链接的正负预测问题进行研究,其成果对社会网络的个性化推荐、网络中异常节点的识别、用户聚类等都具有非常重要的应用价值.主要介绍符号社会网络中正负关系预测问题在国内外的研究现状和最新进展.首先介绍了社会结构平衡理论和地位理论,并将目前主要的预测算法按照设计思路分成两类:基于矩阵的符号预测算法和基于分类的符号预测算法,详细介绍各类算法的基本思路,并从算法效率、准确性和可伸缩性等角度进行详细的对比和分析,总结了符号社会网络预测问题具有的一些特点以及所面临的挑战,同时指出未来可能的发展方向,为相关研究人员提供有价值的参考.  相似文献
2.
基于MapReduce 的大规模在线社交网络蠕虫仿真   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
和亮  冯登国  王蕊  苏璞睿  应凌云 《软件学报》2013,24(7):1666-1682
利用云计算中的核心技术MapReduce,提出了一种在线社交网络(online social network,简称OSN)蠕虫的仿真方法.为了提高仿真精度,首先提出利用节点属性可调节的OSN 有向图来描述蠕虫传播的各个过程.其次,利用运行在云环境中的多个Map 函数和Reduce 函数来实现对OSN 蠕虫传播各个过程的仿真.在真实的大规模数据集上的仿真实验结果表明,提出的仿真方法不仅具有较强的可扩展性,同时也为相关领域的研究提供了一定的帮助.  相似文献
3.
符号网络研究综述   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
符号网络是指边具有正或负符号属性的网络,其中,正边和负边分别表示积极的关系和消极的关系.真实世界的许多复杂网络中都存在对立的关系,尤其是在信息、生物和社会领域.利用边的符号属性去分析、理解和预测这些复杂网络的拓扑结构、功能、动力学行为具有十分重要的理论意义,并且对个性化推荐、态度预测、用户特征分析与聚类等都具有重要的应用价值.然而,当前人们对网络的符号属性关注较少.综述了符号网络的研究背景及意义、国内外研究现状和最新进展,并讨论了目前存在的主要问题,试图让人们对符号网络这一研究方向能有清晰而全面的认识,为网络数据挖掘、复杂网络分析、社会学、生物信息学等相关领域的研究者提供有益的参考.  相似文献
4.
在线社交网络中的位置服务研究进展与趋势   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
在基于位置的社交网络中, 用户通过发布嵌入了位置数据的媒体信息获得服务, 如位置或好友推荐、旅行路线推荐等。用户和位置都是网络的主体, 位置作为桥梁将用户的虚拟网络世界与现实世界联系起来。综述了基于位置的在线社交网络中的位置信息获取、用户识别、位置识别、信息的共享与传播及位置隐私的相关研究, 预测了基于位置的在线社交网络未来的研究趋势。  相似文献
5.
一种新的在线社交网络的隐私保护方案   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
针对用户数据隐私容易被截取的问题,提出了一种新的用户在线社交网络隐私保护方案.传统解决方案依赖于公共密钥基础设施或传统密钥分布技术,而新的方案则充分利用朋友和用户的私有属性熵之间的信任.通过重新构建密码模块建立安全协议,对在线社交网络提供安全信息服务、安全信息匹配和安全通信三种服务,最终使用户能够安全地存储自己的私有数据,并建立一个会话密钥的安全通信.  相似文献
6.
Online social blogs have gained popularity recently. They provide an effective channel for word-of-mouth (WoM) marketing to promote products or service. In WoM marketing, an opinion leader, who is normally more interconnected and has a higher social standing, can deliver product information, provide recommendations, give personal comments, and supplement professional knowledge that help companies to promote their products. Many theories have been put forward about social networks, but few address the issue of opinion leader identification. This study proposes a framework to identify opinion leaders using the information retrieved from blog content, authors, readers, and their relationships, which we call BARR for short. We first build ontology for a marketing product and then collect parameters from BARR to identify “hot topics” related to the product. These hot topics are then associated with information disseminators, or opinion leaders. Marketers can use BARR to track blogs written by opinion leaders and identify their opinions to form effective marketing strategies.  相似文献
7.
Privacy,trust and control: Which relationships with online self-disclosure?   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
A number of studies have examined the relationship between privacy concerns, perceived control over information, trust and online self-disclosure, highlighting different points of view to understand this connection. This paper intends to compare these different models of explanation for self-disclosure behaviors in online social networks. Three different hypotheses are verified, using mediation and moderation analyses. The results allow underling the effect of the interaction between privacy concerns and trust on online self-disclosure, along with the absence of a direct influence of privacy concerns on disclosure itself. The results suggest practical implications for online social network providers, most of all with regard to privacy policies in online environments.  相似文献
8.
Emotion is a fundamental object of human existence and determined by a complex set of factors. With the rapid development of online social networks (OSNs), more and more people would like to express their emotion in OSNs, which provides wonderful opportunities to gain insight into how and why individual emotion is evolved in social network. In this paper, we focus on emotion dynamics in OSNs, and try to recognize the evolving process of collective emotions. As a basis of this research, we first construct a corpus and build an emotion classifier based on Bayes theory, and some effective strategies (entropy and salience) are introduced to improve the performance of our classifier, with which we can classify any Chinese tweet into a particular emotion with an accuracy as high as 82%. By analyzing the collective emotions in our sample networks in detail, we get some interesting findings, including a phenomenon of emotion synchronization between friends in OSNs, which offers good evidence for that human emotion can be spread from one person to another. Furthermore, we find that the number of friends has strong correlation with individual emotion. Based on those useful findings, we present a dynamic evolution model of collective emotions, in which both self-evolving process and mutual-evolving process are considered. To this end, extensive simulations on both real and artificial networks have been done to estimate the parameters of our emotion dynamic model, and we find that mutual-evolution plays a more important role than self-evolution in the distribution of collective emotions. As an application of our emotion dynamic model, we design an efficient strategy to control the collective emotions of the whole network by selecting seed users according to k-core rather than degree.  相似文献
9.
Personal journal bloggers: Profiles of disclosiveness   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Personal journal blogs, which are primarily about bloggers’ selves and inner states, are often characterized by high amounts of self-disclosure. This study employed the uses and gratifications perspective to reveal the characteristics of disclosive personal journal bloggers. Path analyses of data from an online survey revealed that the most disclosive bloggers were women who were generally disclosive in their offline lives as well. Disclosive bloggers were typically motivated to blog to archive and organize their thoughts, much as one would expect for an online diary. Target audience was a stronger predictor of disclosiveness than the potential audience. The theoretical and practical implications of study results are discussed, along with potential directions for future research.  相似文献
10.
Online social networks: Why do students use facebook?   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The growth and popularity of online social networks has created a new world of collaboration and communication. More than a billion individuals around the world are connected and networked together to create, collaborate, and contribute their knowledge and wisdom. Despite the importance of online social networks, there is relatively little theory-driven empirical research available to address this new type of communication and interaction phenomena. In this paper, we explored the factors that drive students to use online social networks (e.g., Facebook). Specifically, we conceptualized the use of online social networks as intentional social action and we examined the relative impact of social influence, social presence, and the five key values from the uses and gratification paradigm on We-Intention to use online social networks. An empirical study of Facebook users (n = 182) revealed that We-Intention to use online social networks is strongly determined by social presence. Among the five values, social related factors had the most significant impact on the intention to use. Implications for research and practice are discussed.  相似文献
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