首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   106篇
  国内免费   33篇
  完全免费   48篇
  自动化技术   187篇
  2018年   2篇
  2017年   10篇
  2016年   6篇
  2015年   11篇
  2014年   9篇
  2013年   13篇
  2012年   14篇
  2011年   15篇
  2010年   12篇
  2009年   15篇
  2008年   8篇
  2007年   9篇
  2006年   5篇
  2005年   9篇
  2004年   4篇
  2003年   2篇
  2002年   1篇
  2001年   3篇
  2000年   11篇
  1999年   7篇
  1998年   6篇
  1997年   7篇
  1995年   3篇
  1994年   1篇
  1992年   2篇
  1989年   1篇
  1982年   1篇
排序方式: 共有187条查询结果,搜索用时 62 毫秒
1.
2.
Reliable Estimation of Dense Optical Flow Fields with Large Displacements   总被引:6,自引:6,他引:19  
In this paper we show that a classic optical flow technique by Nagel and Enkelmann (1986, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell., Vol. 8, pp. 565–593) can be regarded as an early anisotropic diffusion method with a diffusion tensor. We introduce three improvements into the model formulation that (i) avoid inconsistencies caused by centering the brightness term and the smoothness term in different images, (ii) use a linear scale-space focusing strategy from coarse to fine scales for avoiding convergence to physically irrelevant local minima, and (iii) create an energy functional that is invariant under linear brightness changes. Applying a gradient descent method to the resulting energy functional leads to a system of diffusion–reaction equations. We prove that this system has a unique solution under realistic assumptions on the initial data, and we present an efficient linear implicit numerical scheme in detail. Our method creates flow fields with 100 % density over the entire image domain, it is robust under a large range of parameter variations, and it can recover displacement fields that are far beyond the typical one-pixel limits which are characteristic for many differential methods for determining optical flow. We show that it performs better than the optical flow methods with 100 % density that are evaluated by Barron et al. (1994, Int. J. Comput. Vision, Vol. 12, pp. 43–47). Our software is available from the Internet.  相似文献
3.
4.
Reliable and Efficient Computation of Optical Flow   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:3  
In this paper, we present two very efficient and accurate algorithms for computing optical flow. The first is a modified gradient-based regularization method, and the other is an SSD-based regularization method. For the gradient-based method, to amend the errors in the discrete image flow equation caused by numerical differentiation as well as temporal and spatial aliasing in the brightness function, we propose to selectively combine the image flow constraint and a contour-based flow constraint into the data constraint by using a reliability measure. Each data constraint is appropriately normalized to obtain an approximate minimum distance (of the data point to the linear flow equation) constraint instead of the conventional linear flow constraint. These modifications lead to robust and accurate optical flow estimation. We propose an incomplete Cholesky preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithm to solve the resulting large and sparse linear system efficiently. Our SSD-based regularization method uses a normalized SSD measure (based on a similar reasoning as in the gradient-based scheme) as the data constraint in a regularization framework. The nonlinear conjugate gradient algorithm in conjunction with an incomplete Cholesky preconditioning is developed to solve the resulting nonlinear minimization problem. Experimental results on synthetic and real image sequences for these two algorithms are given to demonstrate their performance in comparison with competing methods reported in literature.  相似文献
5.
This paper describes an approach for tracking rigid and articulated objects using a view-based representation. The approach builds on and extends work on eigenspace representations, robust estimation techniques, and parameterized optical flow estimation. First, we note that the least-squares image reconstruction of standard eigenspace techniques has a number of problems and we reformulate the reconstruction problem as one of robust estimation. Second we define a subspace constancy assumption that allows us to exploit techniques for parameterized optical flow estimation to simultaneously solve for the view of an object and the affine transformation between the eigenspace and the image. To account for large affine transformations between the eigenspace and the image we define a multi-scale eigenspace representation and a coarse-to-fine matching strategy. Finally, we use these techniques to track objects over long image sequences in which the objects simultaneously undergo both affine image motions and changes of view. In particular we use this EigenTracking technique to track and recognize the gestures of a moving hand.  相似文献
6.
基于迭代重加权的非刚性图像配准   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
韩雨  王卫卫  冯象初 《自动化学报》2011,37(9):1059-1066
非刚性图像配准问题是当今重要的研究课题. 本文提出一类基于能量最小化方法的非刚性图像配准模型, 其中包括单模态和多模态两个模型. 在单模态模型中,正则项采用迭代重加权的L2范数度量, 一方面克服了迭代收敛不同步的问题, 另一方面使新模型既能保持图像的边缘几何结构, 又能避免块效应的产生. 在多模态模型中, 不同模态的图像被转化为同一模态进行处理, 提高了配准的效率. 在模型求解方面, 利用算子分裂和交替最小化的方法, 将原问题转化为阈值和加性算子分裂的迭代格式进行求解. 数值实验表明, 本文的方法对含噪以及变形较大的图像都能实现较好的配准.  相似文献
7.
Temporal Multi-Scale Models for Flow and Acceleration   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
A model for computing image flow in image sequences containing a very wide range of instantaneous flows is proposed. This model integrates the spatio-temporal image derivatives from multiple temporal scales to provide both reliable and accurate instantaneous flow estimates. The integration employs robust regression and automatic scale weighting in a generalized brightness constancy framework. In addition to instantaneous flow estimation the model supports recovery of dense estimates of image acceleration and can be readily combined with parameterized flow and acceleration models. A demonstration of performance on image sequences of typical human actions taken with a high frame-rate camera is given.  相似文献
8.
基于改进Snake模型的人体运动跟踪算法   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
提出一种改进Snake模型与光流估计相结合的人体运动自动实时跟踪算法.利用角点检测得到接近人体真实轮廓的初始轮廓,减少了迭代次数,降低了Snake模型收敛到局部极值的概率;同时针对Snake模型跟踪不够稳定、容易出现跟踪丢失问题,结合KLT光流法,选取当前帧所得到的轮廓点中的强特征点进行光流估计,将估计结果作为下一帧Snake的初始轮廓,有效地解决了这一难题.实验结果表明改进Snake模型可使初始轮廓形变到人体真实轮廓,同时实现了视频序列中自动、实时的人体跟踪.  相似文献
9.
基于局部微分光流的运动对象分割   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
雷震  吴玲达  李东 《计算机科学》2009,36(6):276-278
运动对象分割是研究从场景的图像序列或视频中提取出运动目标的理论和方法,是计算机视觉中一个重要的研究方向,在军事和工业等领域有着广阔的应用前景.提出一种基于局部微分光流的运动对象分割算法.首先采用局部微分光流算法计算出场景的运动光流场并完成其初始分割,然后利用canny算子探测出对象的边缘信息并将其作为对光流场得到的运动信息的补充,从而分割出更为准确的运动对象.实验结果显示该方法具有良好的分割性能.  相似文献
10.
基于光流场的动态目标分割   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
采用光流法结合基于小波变换的像素级图像融合算法,研究了一种动态目标分割方法。光流场可以看作是带有灰度的像素点在图像平面运动产生的瞬时速度场,算法先以光流法计算出的动态目标瞬时速度场的水平速度分量和垂直速度分量作为初始信息,再利用基于小波变换的融合算法获得动态目标的初始分割,最后对初始分割结果进行图像去噪和图像增强,并最终获得清楚的分割图。实验证明,该方法能够产生良好的目标分割效果。  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号