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树在风中的摇曳--基于动力学的计算机动画   总被引:20,自引:2,他引:18  
树木森林在自然场景的构成中占有很重要的地位,尤其是树在风中的摇曳更是组成了一个幕幕动人的景象。但是由于树结构的高度复杂性,给这一问题的研究工作带来了极大的困难。  相似文献
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快速真实地生成树的自然摇曳   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
快速真实地模拟树在风中的摇曳一直是图形学中的一个挑战性问题.已有的方法,或者计算速度太慢,或者所处理的模型局限在几千个面片之内,难以用较强的真实感进行动画模拟.针对复杂树在风中的自然摇曳,该文提出一种新的方法.一方面,它基于统计数据采用高斯分布来近似逼近实际风力,既可以基于物理性态很好地反映风力的影响,又可以方便树的变形计算;另一方面,根据树的层次结构特点,新方法对树的各个部分分别进行独立的变形计算,然后再根据它们的连接关系进行组合,完整地获得树的变形.新方法对于小振幅的非末梢枝条,是利用静力分析来计算它们的变形,而对于振幅大的末梢枝条则采用Newmark逐步积分法求解其振动方程,这样就可以以较少的计算开销获得变形真实感很强的结果.在对树的各种姿态进行成像时,新方法运用了基于硬件的shadow mapping技术和LOD(Level-Of-Details)技术,以快速生成高度真实感的树.实验表明,对于有近4万个控制节点、近90万个拟合外观模型的三角形的柳树模型,新方法可以对其自然摇曳进行每秒0.6帧的高度真实感的模拟.  相似文献
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Inflatable Models   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
A physically-based model is presented for the simulation of a new type of deformable objects-inflatable objects, such as shaped balloons, which consist of pressurized air enclosed by an elastic surface. These objects have properties inherent in both 3D and 2D elastic bodies, as they demonstrate the behaviour of 3D shapes using 2D formulations. As there is no internal structure in them, their behaviour is substantially different from the behaviour of deformable solid objects. We use one of the few available models for deformable surfaces, and enhance it to include the forces of internal and external pressure. These pressure forces may also incorporate buoyancy forces, to allow objects filled with a low density gas to float in denser media. The obtained models demonstrate rich dynamic behaviour, such as bouncing, floating, deflation and inflation.  相似文献
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基于二阶倒立摆的人体运动合成   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
为了合成物理真实、实时可控的人体运动,提出了一种基于二阶倒立摆的人体运动合成方法.方法分三步实现:首先将人体运动状态映射为一个二阶倒立摆模型;然后根据步态控制参数与环境约束,对二阶倒立摆进行运动规划;最后基于二阶倒立摆的运动,根据人体运动规律与高层用户需求,优化计算关节力矩,合成人体全身运动.利用文中方法,通过设置不同的参数,如步幅、步频等,能够实时控制人体运动,生成物理真实的人体运动.与现有的低维模型方法相比,该方法能够生成更加自然真实的人体下肢运动.该文合成方法既不需要使用运动捕获数据,也无需耗时的离线优化.  相似文献
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基于物理的可变形体建模综述   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
介绍了具有代表性的基于物理的建模方法,包括欧拉网格法、质点弹簧系统、有限元法、边界元法、平滑粒子流体动力学、无网格法以及细胞自动机等。讨论了相关连续现象的模拟,如流体、气体、火焰、熔岩流和熔化物等。总结了可变形体模拟的相关应用领域,包括弹塑性材质变形与断裂、布料与薄壳模拟、沙堆与泥浆动画、交互式娱乐等,展望了未来的发展方向。  相似文献
8.
An ambitious goal in the area of physics-based computer animation is the creation of virtual actors that autonomously synthesize realistic human motions and possess a broad repertoire of lifelike motor skills. To this end, the control of dynamic, anthropomorphic figures subject to gravity and contact forces remains a difficult open problem. In this paper, we report on our ongoing development of a virtual stuntman, a dynamic graphical character that possesses a nontrivial repertoire of lifelike motor skills. The repertoire includes basic actions such as balance, protective stepping when balance is disturbed, protective arm reactions when falling, multiple ways of rising upright after a fall, and several more vigorously dynamic motor skills. Our virtual stuntman is the product of a recently proposed framework for integrating motor controllers, which includes among other ingredients an explicit model of pre-conditions; i.e., those regions of a dynamic figure's state space within which a given motor controller is applicable and expected to work properly.  相似文献
9.
This paper describes a computer graphics system that enables users to define virtual marionette puppets, operate them using relatively simple hardware input devices, and display the scene from a given viewpoint on the computer screen. This computerized marionette theater has the potential to become a computer game for children, an interaction tool over the Internet, enabling the creation of simultaneously viewed and operated marionette show by users on the World Wide Web, and, most importantly, a versatile and efficient professional animation system.  相似文献
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We present a novel grid-based method for simulating multiple unmixable fluids moving and interacting. Unlike previous methods that can only represent the interface between two fluids (usually between liquid and gas), this method can handle an arbitrary number of fluids through multiple independent level sets coupled with a constrain condition. To capture the fluid surface more accurately, we extend the particle level set method to a multi-fluid version. It shares the advantages of the particle level set method, and has the ability to track the interfaces of multiple fluids. To handle the dynamic behavior of different fluids existing together, we use a multiphase fluid formulation based on a smooth weight function.  相似文献
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