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1.
双目立体测量中多视角深度图同时融合算法   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
提出一种将多次测量得到的深度图数据融合生成完整单一的网格曲面来描述被测物体表面的融合算法.依次将每幅深度图作为基准图,在基准图的基础上定义多幅深度图重叠对应关系;然后合并重叠数据,保留基准图网格;最后将相邻的基准图通过网格缝合连接成单一无缝的曲面.该算法能同时对多幅深度图进行融合,通过对重叠区域的优化,使得最终融合结果更精确地逼近被测物体表面的真实数据.融合实验结果验证了该算法的有效性.  相似文献
2.
三维物体识别研究进展   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:17       下载免费PDF全文
出于工业和医疗等领域大量现实应用的需要,如今三维物体识别已成为一个很活跃的研究领域。一般来说,三维物体识别系统可以通过两个阶段的处理来完成三维物体的识别和定位,首先用传感器获取的场景输入数据来得到场景的表达;然后将它与数据库中存储的物体表达相匹配。为了推动该领域研究进一步发展,因而对近10a年中该识别过程中必须解决的感传器类型、三维物体表达方法和匹配策略等3个方面问题的研究成果进行了综述,对主要方法进行分类和总结;并提出了一些三维视觉系统中还需要深入研究的问题,包括对所研究物体形状的限制、复杂背景的影响和表达以及识别中的“整体和局部”的矛盾等。  相似文献
3.
激光测距雷达距离图障碍物实时检测算法研究及误差分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:6  
张奇  顾伟康 《机器人》1997,19(2):122-128,133
本文在首先阐述陆自 主车中利用激光测距成像雷达获得取的距离图实时检测障碍的坐标变换法的基础上,着重深入研究了雷达垂直扫描中心角的误差与自主车3个姿态角的误差及激光测距成像雷达多义性间距对障碍物检测结果的影响。  相似文献
4.
General Object Reconstruction Based on Simplex Meshes   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:8  
In this paper, we propose a general tridimensional reconstruction algorithm of range and volumetric images, based on deformable simplex meshes. Simplex meshes are topologically dual of triangulations and have the advantage of permitting smooth deformations in a simple and efficient manner. Our reconstruction algorithm can handle surfaces without any restriction on their shape or topology. The different tasks performed during the reconstruction include the segmentation of given objects in the scene, the extrapolation of missing data, and the control of smoothness, density, and geometric quality of the reconstructed meshes. The reconstruction takes place in two stages. First, the initialization stage creates a simplex mesh in the vicinity of the data model either manually or using an automatic procedure. Then, after a few iterations, the mesh topology can be modified by creating holes or by increasing its genus. Finally, an iterative refinement algorithm decreases the distance of the mesh from the data while preserving high geometric and topological quality. Several reconstruction examples are provided with quantitative and qualitative results.  相似文献
5.
In this paper, we present an approach for 3D face recognition from frontal range data based on the ridge lines on the surface of the face. We use the principal curvature, kmax, to represent the face image as a 3D binary image called ridge image. The ridge image shows the locations of the ridge points around the important facial regions on the face (i.e., the eyes, the nose, and the mouth). We utilized the robust Hausdorff distance and the iterative closest points (ICP) for matching the ridge image of a given probe image to the ridge images of the facial images in the gallery. To evaluate the performance of our approach for 3D face recognition, we performed experiments on GavabDB face database (a small size database) and Face Recognition Grand Challenge V2.0 (a large size database). The results of the experiments show that the ridge lines have great capability for 3D face recognition. In addition, we found that as long as the size of the database is small, the performance of the ICP-based matching and the robust Hausdorff matching are comparable. But, when the size of the database increases, ICP-based matching outperforms the robust Hausdorff matching technique.  相似文献
6.
CT colonography (CTC) is an emerging minimally invasive technique for screening and diagnosing colon cancers. Computer aided detection (CAD) techniques can increase sensitivity and reduce false positives. Inspired by the way radiologists detect polyps via 3D virtual fly-through in CTC, we borrowed the idea from geographic information systems to employ topographical height map in colonic polyp measurement and false positive reduction. After a curvature based filtering and a 3D CT feature classifier, a height map is computed for each detection using a ray-casting algorithm. We design a concentric index to characterize the concentric pattern in polyp height map based on the fact that polyps are protrusions from the colon wall and round in shape. The height map is optimized through a multi-scale spiral spherical search to maximize the concentric index. We derive several topographic features from the map and compute texture features based on wavelet decomposition. We then send the features to a committee of support vector machines for classification. We have trained our method on 394 patients (71 polyps) and tested it on 792 patients (226 polyps). Results showed that we can achieve 95% sensitivity at 2.4 false positives per patient and the height map features can reduce false positives by more than 50%. We compute the polyp height and width measurements and correlate them with manual measurements. The Pearson correlations are 0.74 (p=0.11) and 0.75 (p=0.17) for height and width, respectively.  相似文献
7.
In recent years inverse tone mapping techniques have been proposed for enhancing low-dynamic range (LDR) content for a high-dynamic range (HDR) experience on HDR displays, and for image based lighting. In this paper, we present a psychophysical study to evaluate the performance of inverse (reverse) tone mapping algorithms. Some of these techniques are computationally expensive because they need to resolve quantization problems that can occur when expanding an LDR image. Even if they can be implemented efficiently on hardware, the computational cost can still be high. An alternative is to utilize less complex operators; although these may suffer in terms of accuracy. Our study investigates, firstly, if a high level of complexity is needed for inverse tone mapping and, secondly, if a correlation exists between image content and quality. Two main applications have been considered: visualization on an HDR monitor and image-based lighting.  相似文献
8.
图像传感器动态响应范围的局限使其在捕捉高动态范围场景时力不从心, 为了捕捉高动态范围图像(High dynamic range image, HDRI), 近年来出现了许多新型传感器和新方法, 本文将简要介绍这些研究进展; 同样由于动态响应范围的局限, 显示设备也不能胜任HDRI的显示, 必须利用色阶映射算子(Tone mapping operator, TMO)将图像的动态范围进行合理的压缩, TMO最终决定了图像显示的质量, 本文将众多的TMO归纳为全局算子和局部算子并进行了详细论述.  相似文献
9.
提出了一种概率模型对HDR(high dynamic range)图像进行色调再生.分别对局部像素的色调能量分布与HDR/LDR(low dynamic range)间梯度变化约束建立概率统计模型,通过求解最大后验概率(maximum a posteriori,简称MAP)将整个色调映射过程转化为一个能量最小化问题.实验结果表明,所提出的基于概率模型的色调映射方法能够生成比以往方法具有更多视觉信息的LDR 图像,可用于高级图像编辑、显示设备开发等领域.  相似文献
10.
In this work the application of the spatially varying pixels exposure technique for obtaining linear high dynamic range (HDR) images of correlation signals by Bayer-covered photo sensors is presented. Bayer colour filters array is considered as an array of attenuating filters in the quasimonochromatic light. The procedure of HDR images reconstruction using data from neighbour pixels and preliminary obtained correction coefficients is described. Experimental results of HDR registration of correlation signals are provided. It is shown that reconstructed HDR correlation signals are linear as normal signals are. The increase of dynamic range of signal’s registration from 58 dB up to 73 dB is obtained. Results on recognition of test objects with normal and HDR registration are discussed. The article is published in the original.  相似文献
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