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A formal model of fair exchange protocols   总被引:8,自引:2,他引:6  
1 Background Electronic commerce over open networks has been growing rapidly over the last dec- ade. Usually commercial transactions involve parties who mutually distrust each other, so protecting one legitimate party from another is as important as protecting legitimate parties from intruders. Therefore the fairness property of an exchange protocol is vital. Generally, a typical fair exchange protocol has a main protocol and several sub-protocols. It has a much bigger size than the classical…  相似文献
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一种面向无线传感器网络相对定位的分簇算法   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
测距误差累积是影响无线传感器网络相对定位算法性能的主要因素之一,网络分簇是降低这一误差的有效手段。针对相对定位特点,基于典型分簇算法——OK(Overlapped K-hop),提出EOK(Enhanced Overlapped K-hop)分簇算法。EOK算法改进了OK算法的簇头节点选择机制,提出邻居簇头节点合并机制,使得节点分簇更加符合定位应用需要。仿真实验表明,相比OK算法,采用EOK算法产生的节点簇数量更少、节点簇分布更均匀,在多数网络条件下具有更低的算法通信开销。  相似文献
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陈寒  李仁发  乐光学 《计算机应用》2006,26(2):310-0313
针对SDGPSN(Scalable and Distributed GPS free Positioning for Sensor Networks)算法通信开销过大的问题,通过改进其局部坐标系和全局坐标系构建过程,提出了一种新的相对定位算法。仿真实验结果显示,改进后的算法较之原算法具有更小的通信开销,使之更适于节点移动频率较低的无线传感器网络的节点定位应用。  相似文献
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All mobile bases suffer from localization errors. Previous approaches to accommodate for localization errors either use external sensors such as lasers or sonars, or use internal sensors like encoders. An encoder’s information is integrated to derive the robot’s position; this is called odometry. A combination of external and internal sensors will ultimately solve the localization error problem, but this paper focuses only on processing the odometry information. We solve the localization problem by forming a new odometry error model for the synchro-drive robot then use a novel procedure to accurately estimate the error parameters of the odometry error model. This new procedure drives the robot through a known path and then uses the shape of the resulting path to estimate the model parameters. Experimental results validate that the proposed method precisely estimates the error parameters and that the derived odometry error model of the synchro-drive robot is correct. Nakju Lett Doh received his BS, his MS, and his Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), KOREA, in 1998, 2000, and 2005, respectively. Since then, he is a senior researcher in Intellgient Robot Reserarch Division, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), KOREA. He received the glod prize in Intelligent Robot Contest hosted by Northern KyoungSang Province at 2000 and the gold prize in Humantech Thesis Competition hosted by Samsung Electronics at 2005. In 2003, he got the best student paper award in IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation held in Taiwan. His research interests are the localization and navigation of mobile robots and ubiquitous robotic space for intelligent robot navigation. Howie Choset is an Associate Professor of Robotics at Carnegie Mellon University where he conducts research in motion planning and design of serpentine mechanisms, coverage path planning for de-mining and painting, mobile robot sensor based exploration of unknown spaces, and education with robotics. In 1997, the National Science Foundation awarded Choset its Career Award to develop motion planning strategies for arbitrarily shaped objects. In 1999, the Office of Naval Research started supporting Choset through its Young Investigator Program to develop strategies to search for land and sea mines. Recently, the MIT Technology Review elected Choset as one of its top 100 innovators in the world under 35. Choset directs the Undergraduate Robotics Minor at Carnegie Mellon and teaches an overview course on Robotics which uses series of custom developed Lego Labs to complement the course work. Professor Choset’s students have won best paper awards at the RIA in 1999 and ICRA in 2003. Finally, Choset is a member of an urban search and rescue response team using robots with the Center for Robot Assisted Search and Rescue. Now, he is active in extending the mechanism design and path planning work to medical mechatronics. Wan Kyun Chung received his BS degree in Mechanical Design from Seoul National University in 1981, his MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from KAIST in 1983, and his Ph.D. in Production Engineering from KAIST in 1987. He is Professor in the school of Mechanical Engineering, POSTECH (he joined the faculty in 1987). In 1988, he was a visiting professor at the Robotics Institute of Carnegie-Mellon University. In 1995 he was a visiting scholar at the university of California, Berkeley. His research interests include the localization and navigation for mobile robots, underwater robots and development of robust controller for precision motion control. He is a director of National Research Laboratory for Intelligent Mobile Robot Navigation. He is serving as an Associate Editor for IEEE Tr. on Robotics, international editorial board for Advanced Robotics.  相似文献
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A novel approach for relative and absolute localization of wireless sensor nodes using a potential field method is presented. The main idea of our work is to develop relative and absolute localization algorithms for the position estimate of stationary unattended ground sensor (UGS) nodes using a potential field method. A dynamical model is derived for each sensor node to estimate the relative and absolute position estimates under the influence of a certain fictitious virtual force. In the algorithm the sensor nodes do not move physically, but a virtual motion is carried out to generate optimal position estimates. The convergence of the estimator system to a least squares solution is guaranteed using Lyapunov theory. Separate control algorithms for relative and absolute localization are developed which guarantee the convergence of the position estimates. The relative localization algorithm assumes that distance (i.e. range) measurements between UGS nodes are available and for absolute localization algorithm, uninhabited aerial vehicles (UAV) are available with on board GPS such that they have absolute position information together with range measurement information. In the relative localization algorithm the UGS nodes are localized with respect to an internal co-ordinate frame. In absolute localization the UGS nodes are localized with respect to the known absolute position of UAV in the air–ground network. The effectiveness of the control algorithm is highlighted by the real time implementation results.  相似文献
6.
李旻  熊焰  金鑫  岳丽华  王行甫 《计算机工程》2008,34(19):101-103
提出一种基于聚类的无限传感器网络相对定位算法,包括3个步骤,即将网络分簇、各簇建立局部坐标系并计算簇内节点自身在局部坐标系内位置以及各局部坐标系合并成全局坐标系。仿真结果表明,与SDGPSN算法相比,该算法通信和时间开销更少,更适用于能量受限、规模大的无线传感器网络。  相似文献
7.
朱小军  罗迪军  陈贵海 《软件学报》2009,20(Z1):257-265
在无线传感器网络中,相对定位是指寻找节点之间的相对位置而非绝对位置.考虑一维无线传感器网络的相对定位问题,提出了一种近邻表算法,该算法通过使用近邻表来刻画每个节点的位置,这个表中包含了所有节点,并以它们到指定节点的距离排序.实际网络中的数据分析验证了距离上的差别在大多数情况下可由接收到的RSSI值之间的差别来反映.因而,近邻表可以通过比较RSSI值来获得.最后,算法通过寻找一维拓扑中的端节点来得到所有节点的相对位置.验证了算法在实际环境中的可行性.  相似文献
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