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为研究孔隙率对复合材料力学性能的影响,基于细观力学方法,建立包含纤维、基体和孔隙三相的代表性体积单元(Representative Volume Element,RVE).通过数值模拟得到不同孔隙率下复合材料的基本力学参数,并通过实验对比验证参数的有效性.将这些参数运用在复合材料层板的低速冲击模拟和压缩模拟中,研究孔隙率对复合材料层合板抗冲击性能和压缩强度的影响.  相似文献
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Based on the concepts of eigenstrain and equivalent inclusion of Eshelby for inhomogeneity problems, a computational model and its solution procedure are presented using the proposed three-dimensional (3D) eigenstrain formulation of boundary integral equations (BIE) for simulating ellipsoidal particle-reinforced (and/or void-weakened) inhomogeneous materials. In the model, the eigenstrains characterizing deformation behaviors of each particle embedded in the matrix are determined using an iterative scheme with the aid of the corresponding Eshelby tensors, which can be obtained beforehand either analytically or numerically. With the proposed numerical model, the unknowns of the problem appear only on the boundary of the solution domain, since the interface condition between particles/voids and the matrix is satisfied naturally. The solution scale of the inhomogeneity problem can thus be significantly reduced. Using the algorithm, the stress distribution and the overall elastic properties are identified for ellipsoidal particle-reinforced/void-weakened inhomogeneous materials over a representative volume element (RVE). The effects of a variety of factors on the overall properties of the materials as well as the convergence behavior of the algorithm are studied numerically, showing the validity and efficiency of the proposed algorithm.  相似文献
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